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Aztec Feathered Shield
Transcript of Aztec Feathered Shield
-The shield was made from two layers of vegetable-fiber yarn. It is 70 centimeters in diameter. The reeds on the front of the mat are lined up vertically, and on the back, they are horizontal. The mats are edged with a band of hide. The shield is decorated with colorful feathers from many different birds. The image on it is outlined in gold. How was the artifact used within its culture? (Who used it? How was it used?) -Aztec warriors (Eagle or Jaguar Warriors) would use their shield as protection from other tribes' weapons during war. The dangling material protected their legs. The Eagle Warriors were the scouts of the Aztec military, as well as being good fighters. They were eyes, ears, and the messengers. They would locate information required to lead and organize an attack. These warriors often wore helmets adorned with eagle feathers and heads. They decorated their armor with feathers and carried brightly colored shields. What can you learn about this civilization through this artifact? What does it tell about their beliefs, religions and social practices? -I can lean that the Aztecs had strong religious beliefs. The Aztecs believed gods would give them land in return for sacrifices. The Aztecs developed the idea that the gods were nourished better by living hearts from prisoners. If the prisoner was brave the sacrifice was better. The Aztecs believed the gods would turn against them if they weren't presented human sacrifice. Many wars were fought by the Aztecs to fulfill this belief. Aztecs used victims both captured in war and those owed to the Aztecs as admission by the people who were conquered during war for human sacrifice. Human Sacrifice -Human sacrifices were thought to make the sun rise again the next day. They believed the sun god had to be fed human hearts and blood, or the sun would not rise. They fought for victims to sacrifice the gods to avoid disaster as long as possible. Works Cited "Aztec Warriors | Ancient Aztec Warriors | Eagle and Jaguar Warriors." Ancient Warriors | Ancient Weapons | Big Cats | Mythological Greek Creatures | Ancient History. Legends and Chronicles, n.d. Web. 19 May 2013. http://www.legendsandchronicles.com/ancient-warriors/aztec-warriors/.
Baumgartner, Walter. "The Aztec Feather Shield in Vienna: Problems of Conservation." Nuevo Mundo Mundos Nuevos - Nouveaux mondes mondes nouveaux - Novo Mundo Mundos Novos - New world New worlds. N.p., 1 Feb. 2006. Web. 14 May 2013. http://nuevomundo.revues.org/1447.
Bower, Bert, and Jim Lobdell. "2.5 Class Structure." The Medieval World and beyond. Palo Alto, CA: Teachers' Curriculum Institute, 2005. 280-81. Print
Cóttrill, Jaime. "Aztec History." Aztec History. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013. http://www.aztec-history.com/.
"Welcome to the Aztec Civilization Website." Aztec Systems to Aztec Empire. Aztec Systems Corp., n.d. Web. 19 May 2013. http://aztec.com/page.php?page=home2. -We can understand that Aztecs were a very war-related society. They fought for more land and supplies, as their population grew. Warfare was a main part of daily life for the Aztecs. They did not have a professional army, but their military officers were skilled. Able boys were trained to fight. In preparation for adult life, boys learned about fighting and weapons in school. It was considered a responsibility and an honor to fight in war. Manhood was reached after a boy captured his first prisoner. How does this artifact help us understand the political, economic, or geographic characteristics of their society? How is it similar to an object used today for the same purpose? -Used for body protection at war
-Decorative, showing a god (coyote god)
-Made from woven mats, hide, and feathers
-Used by an Eagle Warrior -Used for body protection during riots
-Made from high-impact plastic
-Used by police Used for body protection By Kiara Dailer Feathered Shield Police Shield Both -The Aztec's class structure was divided into five different social classes. from the top to the bottom of the social class was the rulers, the nobles, priests and high-ranking warriors, the commoners (largest class), the peasants, and the lowest class was the slaves.
-The Aztec emperor decided when to fight wars. This position of emperor was not inherited like how it was in other societies. A group of advisers would elect a new emperor from the royal family Social Class Structure