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One Arctic

World Policy Journal's interactive presentation takes the audience through the pressing issues discussed at the One Arctic conference, from sustainability and the regional economy to including sub-national groups in policymaking discussions.
by

World Policy Journal

on 2 August 2016

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Transcript of One Arctic

One Arctic
US Chairmanship of the Arctic Council

In April 2016 Arctic experts and practitioners representing academia, nongovernmental organizations, the private sector, and policymakers, both federal and regional, met at The Wilson Center in Washington, DC.

This two-day symposium was co-hosted by the World Policy Institute, Trent University, and the University of Washington.

See Resources slide for more

Examples of the
‘One Arctic’ concept
Sustainable development
Combines sociological, environmental, cultural and
economic well-being
Arctic residents lack access to good jobs


U.S. Arctic Council Chairmanship Theme
"One Arctic:
Shared Opportunities, Challenges, and Responsibilities"
See Resources slide for more
Keynote Speaker
Willy Østreng
Offers a core meaning of ‘One Arctic’

“A policy to strengthen the participatory and partnership elements of regional politics and to broaden the Arctic agenda to reduce conflicts and enhance effectiveness to the benefit of a well-managed Arctic”


Challenges
One Arctic concept undefined and unclear

Multiple definitions:
Geographic, cultural, and political

“To make Arctic diversity – natural as well as societal –
an integral part of the One Arctic conception” (Østreng)

Opening Panel: One Arctic

The U.S. One Arctic theme is borrowed from the
Inuit Circumpolar Council 2014 General Assembly

See Resources slide for more
Arctic Council Challenges
Arctic nations have different needs and
levels of development

Strong strategic planning & reports
but weak communications with Arctic residents

Lack of adequate funds deters full participation of Permanent Participants

Observations
Arctic Resilience Report:
Resilience is multifaceted and common to all states

See Resources slide for more
Improving economic and
living conditions
in Arctic communities
Arctic Ocean safety, security,
& stewardship


Addressing the impacts
of climate change
Permanent Participants are integral

Human & environmental dimensions are of
equal importance

Long-term planning should favor transparency
& inclusivity

Council's work not tied to chairmanships; projects carry on

Permanent Participants (PPs)
4 million people live in the Arctic
Approximately 500,000 are indigenous

See Resources slide for more


Transformations: Global Climate & Arctic Sustainability
Challenges
Observations
Inuit approach politics and policymaking with ‘principled pragmatism’

Science advocates a holistic approach to tackle the challenges of environmental change

When we protect the environment, we connect our own lives
One Health

One Health is a multidisciplinary
approach that addresses complex
health issues at the environmental,
human, and animal interface

See Resources slide for more


The Arctic Economy
Indigenous and
Sub-National Actors

Local people have good policy ideas

The Arctic is not on top of the list of priorities for national leaders, yet locals are affected by national policy change

Challenges
The Arctic economy must react to technological,
political, and climate changes
Economic futures are not just about development, but also funding
Economy must incorporate indigenous
communities
Infrastructure is woefully lacking
Funding across the board is inadequate
Observations

Sustainability is key

To be effective requires indigenous peoples,
viable business groups, multinationals, and SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises)

Transport corridors for resource development
must also connect communities

Challenges
Sub-national actors have
limited access to closed-door meetings

PPs and sub-nationals concerned that Observer states seem to have increasing role

Observations
Many more actors in the region than before
The newest actors are commercial interests
Indigenous participation has increased
Sub-nationals are not represented and desire a larger role
Observer status has been clarified

Implementation Plan for Alaska’s Arctic Policy

Promote Economic & Resource Development
Address the Response Capacity Gap
Support Healthy Communities
Strengthen Science & Research

See Resources slide for more

Toward Arctic Futures

The Toward Arctic Futures video offers refreshing insights into the challenges faced by people living in the Arctic,
and what Arctic change means for the rest of the world.

Interviews with Rosemarie Kuptana, Jim Gamble, Susan Harper, and David Kennedy




See Resources slide for more





Sponsoring Programs

At Trent University, the School for the Study of Canada is the key sponsor of the workshop with funding provided by a grant from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Sponsors at the University of Washington include the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies; the U.S. Department of Education Title VI National Resource Centers in the Jackson School: the Canadian Studies Center, the Center for Global Studies, the Ellison Center for Russian, East European and Central Asian Studies, the Center for West European Studies, and the East Asia Center;
the Jackson School’s International Policy Institute (funded by a grant from Carnegie Corporation of New York); the University of Washington’s Future of Ice initiative; and the Global Business Center in the Michael G. Foster School of Business. At the World Policy Institute, New York City, Arctic in Context is the key sponsor. The Polar Initiative at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars is the host for the workshop. Trent University’s Frost Centre for Canadian Studies and Indigenous Studies and Western Washington University's Canadian American Studies Centre has also contributed.

The World Policy Institute would like to acknowledge the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council's role in support of knowledge mobilization from the One Arctic Symposium.



Well-being of people and communities are essential
Cultural, economic, the land and waterways
All these facets are interconnected

Climate change affects food security and community well-being

Better integration of sciences: indigenous with western

Social and cultural impact of change on Indigenous communities

'One Health' requires more programming


The Arctic must expand in a way that doesn't threaten the region. Politically, plans must include means to fund Arctic expansion. Yet the region must not be ruined by hazardous industry, nor should it ignore the importance of indigenous communities.


The U.S. and Russia
agree to keep political
differences
out of Arctic
discussions
One Arctic Live: #OneArctic Symposium

During the two-day symposium, participants
weighed in with live tweets on the future
of the Arctic and the “One Arctic” concept.

See Resources slide for more

[Image courtesy of U.S. State Department
http://bit.ly/2a7t81Y]
[Image courtesy of Free Design File under Creative Commons (attribution 3.0) http://bit.ly/2aGwXiK]
[Image courtesy of Carola Jacobs http://bit.ly/2asrM4Y]
[Image courtesy of Maarten Takens http://bit.ly/2apkgnT]
[Image courtesy of Kees Torn http://bit.ly/2apbSe5]
[Image courtesy of Wikimedia Bert de Tilly http://bit.ly/2apcd0r]
[Image courtesy of Matt Boulton
http://bit.ly/2aueiD2]
[Image courtesy of Philo Geny
http://bit.ly/2aXlEjy]
US Chairmanship of the Arctic Council: http://bit.ly/2a7t81Y
Arctic (Council) Resilience Report: http://bit.ly/2aNdDgW
ICC General Assembly 2014: http://bit.ly/2a2FeOl
Arctic Council Permanent Participants: http://bit.ly/17gqEfe
Arctic One Health: http://bit.ly/2aIHeZU
Implementation Plan for Alaska's Arctic Policy: http://bit.ly/2ayadzq
One Arctic Live: #OneArctic Symposium: http://bit.ly/2asAt1c
Toward Arctic Futures: http://bit.ly/29NRy3J
One Arctic Symposium Program: http://bit.ly/2acUcys
Resources
Full transcript