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Transcript of Rogerian Argument
Influential American psychologist
Founder of humanistic approach to psychology
Tried to understand personality and human relationship
Nominated for noble prize for work in South Africa (national inter-group conflict)
"Traditional argument so concentrates on winning that we often lose sight of the real goal of many debates: to find the truth."
-Kristen R. Woolever
The Main Ideas
Rogers’s theory of argument was that the arguer who wishes to persuade another person should minimize any possibility of hostility to the argument.
His goal was that the two sides should solve the problem together.
Both arguers should qualify their arguments and understand the validity of the other side
The arguers should compromise on a solution agreed upon by both sides
Example Number 1
The Core Points
Common ground, neutral
Sympathetic to the other view point
Neutral satisfactory solution
"So I've got news for you, John McCain: We all put our country first.
America, our work will not be easy. The challenges we face require tough choices. And Democrats, as well as Republicans, will need to cast off the worn-out ideas and politics of the past, for part of what has been lost these past eight years can't just be measured by lost wages or bigger trade deficits. What has also been lost is our sense of common purpose, and that's what we have to restore.
We may not agree on abortion, but surely we can agree on reducing the number of unwanted pregnancies in this country.
The -- the reality of gun ownership may be different for hunters in rural Ohio than they are for those plagued by gang violence in Cleveland, but don't tell me we can't uphold the Second Amendment while keeping AK-47s out of the hands of criminals.
I know there are differences on same-sex marriage, but surely we can agree that our gay and lesbian brothers and sisters deserve to visit the person they love in a hospital and to live lives free of discrimination.
You know, passions may fly on immigration, but I don't know anyone who benefits when a mother is separated from her infant child or an employer undercuts American wages by hiring illegal workers.
But this, too, is part of America's promise, the promise of a democracy where we can find the strength and grace to bridge divides and unite in common effort."
"In my early professional years I was asking the question: How can I treat, or cure, or change this person? Now I would phrase the question in this way: How can I provide a relationship which this person may use for his own personal growth?"
Carl Rogers, Psychologist
Introduce the problem and show why you and your intended audience are affected by the problem.
Lay down the common beliefs, ideas and arguments between you and your listeners (if you are speaking) or readers (if you are writing a position paper).
Reveal the position that you are holding without saying that your position is better than the opposing belief.
Show instances where and when your position is valid and how your position differs from the opposing belief.
State your thesis.
Smoking cigarettes can cause lung problems. Both first-hand and second-hand smokers are affected by cigarette smoke.
Scientific findings and researches show that the chemicals in cigarettes, apart from the smoke, can lead to health problems such as lung cancer.
Smoking cigarettes should be banned in public places
In public places, more people, both young and old, can be exposed to the smoke from cigarettes. My position differs from those who might say that smoking altogether should not be banned. My position is that smoking in public places should be banned. It does not include smoking in private places like homes.
Smoking in public places should be banned because it poses health risks to individuals who are non-smokers and who do not want to inhale the fumes from cigarettes. The risks are double to those who already have lung ailments.
Example Number 2
President Obama, DNC, August 28, 2008
"Carl Rogers." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Oct. 2013.
Web. 13 Dec. 2013.
"Essay Tips." What Is a Rogerian Argument. N.p., n.d. Web. 12
Gill, Kathy. "Obama Acceptance Speech." About.com US Politics.
N.p., 28 Dec. 2008. Web. 15 Dec. 2013.
Nordquist, Richard. "Rogerian Argument." About.com Grammar &
Composition. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
"Rogerian Argument." YouTube. YouTube, 29 Aug. 2008. Web. 13
"What Is Rogerian Argument? (Kiefer)." What Is Rogerian
Argument? (Kiefer). N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
Simply put, a Rogerian argument is a negotiating strategy in which common goals are identified and opposing views are described as objectively as possible in an effort to establish common ground and reach agreement