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El Imperfecto de Subjuntivo

Samia Syed, Sheshanna Phan, Vicky Nguyen
by

Sheshanna Phan

on 5 June 2012

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Transcript of El Imperfecto de Subjuntivo

EL IMPERFECTO
DEL SUBJUNTIVO

1. Uds. form of preterite
2. Drop -ron
3. Add
-ra
-ras
-ra
-ramos

-ran
OR
-se
-ses
-se
-semos

-sen
* Don't forget the accent mark on the
nosotros
form.
llegáramos
1. CONJUGATIONS
2. HYPOTHETICAL
3. PAST WEIRDO
Remember the
irregulars in preterite form
are still irregular in the imperfect subjunctive
Por ejemplo:
Hypothetical
Si +
Past
= Imperfect Subjunctive
Example: Si tuviera la oportunidad, iría al baile.
Si +
Future
= Not Subjunctive / Indicative
Example: Si tengo la oportunidad, iré al baile.
Past WEIRDO
past WEIRDO +
present / future
action = imperfect subjunctive
Example: Esperaba que
comieras
mucho helado.
Example: Esperaba que
hubieras comido
mucho helado.
Si tú
hablaras
con ella, no estaría furiosa contigo
Yo esperaba que usted me
ayudase
ayer.
Si nosotros
pudi
é
ramos
encontrar el helado, no tendríamos hambre.
Examples
Nosotros
decir
1. dijeron
2. dije -
3. dij
é
ramos

ir + ser
1. fueron
2. fue -
3. fueras / fueses
Yo/ Usted
tener
1. tuvieron
2. tuvie -
3. tuviera / tuviese
Example: Hablar
1. Habla
ron
2. Habla
3.Habla
ra
Do it with me now!
Example: Comer
1.
2.
3.
1. Comieron
2. Comie -
3. Comiera
past WEIRDO +
past action
= imperfect subjunctive of
haber + past participle
Quiz Time!
Which is the hypothetical sentence?
1. If I did not eat junk food, I would not be fat
2. If it rains, then the world will be wet
CORRECT!
What are the three steps to forming the imperfect subjunctive?
Translate Me!
I hoped that you got a good grade.
I wished that you had done your homework
I hope that you finish your project.
Did you find the odd man out?
Fix me!
Si tenga la oportunidad para
viajar, iría a Europa.
Who is the Queen of imperfect subjuntive?
When using the word "
haber
" with the past participle (-ado, -ido), which is altogether known as the imperfect perfect, make sure that you use
parallel structure
!
Ex: Si yo
hubiera
ido al cine con mis amigos, yo
habría
visto la película
If you said #1 is hypothetical, you are...
If I did not eat junk food,
I would not be fat.
Now translate it!
Si no comiera comida basura, no sería gordo.
The reason that si + present and future tenses are indicative is because the actions are either
cause and effect
or
habitual
.
Si
tuviera
la oportunidad para viajar, iría a Europa.
1
2
3
Uds. form of preterite.
Drop -ron
Add Lady Gaga
Esperaba que sacaras una buena nota.
Deseaba que tú hubieras hecho tu tarea
Espero que hagas tu proyecto
Muchísimas gracias por escucharnos.
Si tuviesen algunas preguntas, estaríamos disponibles.
Full transcript