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Issue In Mathematics: Teaching Aids

Discussing the issues faced by educators in Malaysia. This is an assignment done by the Mathematic Crews from Teach For Malaysia, 1st cohort on 6th Dec 2012.
by

Curry Egg

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of Issue In Mathematics: Teaching Aids

Issue In Mathematics:
Teaching Aids. Hawa Othman
Lew Sheau Wen
Tan Kai Lee What is Teaching Aid? Why Teaching Aid is Needed in Mathematics Learning? Characteristics of Mathematical Tools Possible Positive Outcomes of Using Mathematical Teaching Aids What are the limitation? Teaching aids and Learning Mathematics in Malaysia Something which makes teaching easier for the teacher.
Makes learning more effective and enjoyable for the students Reinforce what the T is saying and summarize key concepts.
Ensure that the T's point is understood.
Signal what is important/essential.
Enable Ss to visualize or experience something that is impractical to see or do in real life.
Engage or stimulate Ss' other sense in the learning process.
Facilitate different learning styles. Mathematics is abstract.
Teaching aid will be able to bridge mathematics concept that is abstract in order to be understood by the Ss.
Strengthen acquired concept.
Motivate Ss. Allow student-centred activity with the student in charge of the process.
Utilise Ss' current knowledge.Help develop links between Ss' current mental scheme while they are interacting with the tools.
Reinforce Ss' current knowledge.
Assist future problem solving/mathematical activity through enhancing future access to knowledge. Ss are more interested in learning.
Improve Ss' academic performance.
Reduce Math anxiety and Increase Ss' confidence.
Increase interaction between T and Ss.
Increase interaction among Ss.
Reduce discipline problems.
Improve Ss' critical thinking skills. Why use teaching aids? Why teachers are not using it ? However... Maths Dice! IDEAS A clinometer, for measuring the height of buildings, trees, etc

(A 45 degree clinometer is a simpler version) Pipe cleaners and straws Tennis ball projectile motion Or it could be as simple as throwing a ball in the air In Malaysia often Mathematics is thought of as the memorization of formulae, the
long and monotonous computation
and the manipulation of numbers.

In a study of cultural differences and Mathematics learning in Malaysia, the use of teaching aids to explain mathematical concepts was not frequently used across schools

Cultural Differences and Mathematics Learning in Malaysia (Lim 2003) However, calculators and ICT tools are more widely used as a teaching aid in the schools compared to physical teaching aids Kinesthetic Visual Audio What are you seeing right now? This is a teaching aid!
Bingo! Teachers unable to focus fully in pedagogy and teaching objective. Might cause classroom management problem while preparing too. Students might get distracted or unfocused when attractive teaching aids involved There are limitation
in using teaching aids
in the classroom. Time consuming Sometimes, it's not cost-effective
unaffordable/unsustainable for long-term. Excessive reliance on instructional aids
may lead to poor pacing
in the presentation of the content. But still... This should not stop
teacher in using teaching aids in the class
because strong researches prove that
teaching aids boost students' learning outcomes. Conclusion How materials are used is the most important factor, since T can use, good materials well, good materials badly, bad materials well and bad materials badly.

It all depend on the classroom tasks, role of the teacher, and the atmosphere of the classroom. “the results are a better understanding and retention of mathematics, a decrease in math anxiety, and a heightened confidence level among students who have really made a lesson their own”
(Pictorial Journal Writing in Mathematics; Stix, Ed. D., 1992).
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