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Sickle Cell Am

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Erin A

on 20 October 2015

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Transcript of Sickle Cell Am

Sickle Cell Anemia
Main Idea
Sickle Cell Anemia is an inherited disease. Red blood cells become inflexible, sticky and shaped like crescents due to irregular hemoglobin.
The crescent shaped blood cells get stuck in small blood vessels. This can slow or block the blood flow and oxygen flow to parts of your body.
Symptoms/Signs
- Delayed growth
- Frequent infections
- Hand-foot-syndrome
- Episodes of pain
- Chest pain
- Difficulty breathing
- Strokes

Causes/Risk Factors
When oxygen is released from the hemoglobin it sticks together and forms long rods. To have Sickle Cell Anemia both of your parents must carry the trait. This disease is most commonly found in families from South and Central America, Caribbean islands, Saudi Arabia, Mediterranean countries, India and Africa.
Treatments/Medication
There is no treatment to Sickle Cell Anemia but most care is targeted towards relieving pain and preventing further complications.
Interesting Facts
-In 1973 the average life span was 14 years, now they live to 40's and 50's and sometimes 60's.
- Sickle Cell Disease is the most common genetic disease in the U.S.
Resources
www.mayolinic.org
www.webmd.com
Encyclopedia Britannica
nytimes.com
Full transcript