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Traditional Women Roles in Colombian Culture and Gabriel García Márquez

IB HL English
by

Wilson Wyllie

on 6 November 2012

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Transcript of Traditional Women Roles in Colombian Culture and Gabriel García Márquez

Traditional Roles of Women in Colombian Culture Women and Family Traditional Gender Roles Marriage Marianismo Society Religion Bibliography? - Variety of different household structures
- most revolving around 'machismo' Family Relations Modeled on the Catholic Church Internalization To be honest, I couldn't think of anything else to put in this bubble, but we'll think of something... Wilson Wyllie
Jenn Phillips
Brenna Sullivan
Lucy Call
Pamela Lohmuller An aspect of the female gender role in the machismo of Latin American Folk Culture Feminine Virtues: Purity and Moral Strength Develops in men who see women as either saintly Madonnas or debased prostitutes
Men with this complex desire a sexual partner who has been degraded (the whore) while they cannot desire the respected partner (the Madonna)
Madonna = Virgin Mary "Santiago Nasar was too haughty to have noticed her [Angela]: 'Your cousin the booby,' he would say..." (Marques 90). Madonna: Angela Vicario Whore: Maria Alejandrina Cervantes Freud wrote: "Where such men love they have no desire and where they desire they cannot love."
The view of women as either Madonnas or whores limits women's sexual expression, offering two mutually exclusive ways to construct a sexual identity
The duality implies that women must assume subservient roles, either as Madonnas to be protected or as whores to be punished by men Madonna-Whore Complex Male Responsibilities:
"I never would have married him if he hadn't done what a man should do." (62) Arranged Marriages/loveless:
Only loving Marriage Xius "you young people don't understand the motives of the heart" (36) "Santiago Nasar and I... went to Maria Alejandrina Cervantes's house of mercies" (Marquez 45).
"It was she who did away with my generation's virginity... Santiago Nasar lost his senses the first time he saw her... [he was] dazzled by Maria Alejandrina Cervantes's illusory calls. She was his mad passion, his mistress of tears... Ever since then they were still linked by a serious affection, but without the disorder of love" (Marquez 65). No True Courting:
"From the moment he finally appeared in frock coat and top hat until he fled the dance with the creature of his torment" (41) Female Responsibilities:
"The girls were brought up to be married. They knew how to do screen embroidery, sew by machine, weave bone lace, wash and iron, make artificial flowers and fancy candy, and write engagement announcements… " (31) Roots traced to Catholicism: Virgin Mary Marianismo encompasses:
Sacred duty to family
Subordination to men
Subservience
Selflessness
Self renouncement
Self-sacrifice
Chastity before marriage
Sexual passivity after marriage
Erotic repression Ten Commandments of Marianismo The Ten Commandments of Marianismo: 1.) Don't forget the place of the woman

2.) Don't forget sex is to make babies,not pleasure public role and display
of male dominance - marriage defining
moment of adulthood - Marianismo role of bearing children and as a mother - defining household as 'patriarchal' is inaccurate - man defines authority, but plays little role in it - men are recognized as central income - men would take a sizable portion of money
for going drinking with friends, leaving the
rest for the household - separate spheres existed - women typically stayed in the house hold
but some had jobs, but discriminant
pay - Chronicle exemplifies traditional gender
jobs - Machista separate gender spheres
of activity of production
and consumption with
women depending on men "They knew how to do screen embroidery, sew by machine, make artificial flowers and fancy candy, and write engagement announcements. Unlike the girls of the time, who had neglected the cult of death, the four were past mistresses in the ancient science of sitting up with the ill, comforting the sying and enshrouding the dead" (Chronicle 31). "Clotilde Armenta had just replaced her husband behind the counter. It was their usual system. The shop sold milk at dawn and provisions during the day and became a bar after six o'clock in the evening. Clotilde Armenta would open at three-thirty in the morning. Her husband, the good Don Rogelio de la Florm would take charge of the bar until closing time" (Chronicle 53). 3.) Don't wish anything but to be a housewife

4.) Don't give up your traditions The Ten Commandments of Marianismo The Ten Commandments of Marianismo 5.) Don't put your needs first

6.) Don't be unhappy with your man, no matter what he does to you Men are like the priests while women are like the Virgin Mary The Ten Commandments of Marianismo 7.) Don't ask for help

8.) Don't change Strong Family Ties The Ten Commandments of Marianismo 9.) Don't be an old maid, independent, or have your own opinions

10.) Don't discuss your personal problems outside the house Specific Roles Man is the head of the Family, Woman Runs the House This distances the father from the children while the mother is closer "Angela Vicario ...had been born like the great queen of history, with the umbilical cord wrapped around her neck" (Márquez 32) "[Angela Vicario] had grown up along with her sisters under the rigor of a mother of iron" (Márquez 37) Men should be protective and strong
Women should be chaste, submissive, and have maternal love Example:
1. Angela Vicario- she was thought to be a virgin, and she had no say in her marriage Catholicism was brought by the spanish missionaries, and natives were persuaded to embrace Christianity. Even today the Colombian population is Catholic Weak police system so family sticks up for each other
Family names and bloodlines are very significant Mother is in charge of:
Family's money
Educating the children
Family problems
Children's marriage Foucauldian Paradigm Women were taught to keep any feelings or thoughts that were outside the norm of the orthodox christian and patriarchal society quiet. Angela's family wants her to marry Bayardo despite her protests.
"Angela only dared to hint at the inconvenience of a lack of love, but her mother demolished it with a single phrase: 'Love can be learned too'" (34-35) Angela does not have a choice, and there is no one that she can go too for help. Flora Miguel also provides an example of internalization Flora internalizes herself to avoid embarrassment. After word gets out that Santiago took Angela Vicario's virginity while they were engaged, Flora thinks Santiago will be forced to marry Angela.
"While half the town was waiting for the bishop, she was in her bedroom weeping with rage" (112) Women appear to be powerless in society but actually exercise power through small resistance. One small resistance was through female bonding time without the influence of men. Angela's loss of virginity: Assuming Angela does know what it means to lose her virginity, her non-virgin status can be seen as a refusal to conform to society's rule that women must remain celibate until marriage. The End Angela's name is symbolic
angel: a spiritual being endowed with both intelligence and free will. Denotes qualities of beauty, innocence, truth, and purity
Purísma represents the virgin mary, but fails to see the lack of purity in Angela
Vicario family lives vicariously because they live different lives than their name might suggest Circle of kin are large and family trust is important no matter how distant the relationships are Santiago's death scene resembles Christ's death "The girls were brought up to be married. They knew how to do screen embroidery, sew by machine, weave bone lace, wash and iron, make artificial flowers and fancy candy, and write engagement announcements… " (31)
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