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Jade Crow

on 2 June 2014

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Transcript of Diabetes

+ Jade
+ Tiahn
+ Ivana
+ Izzy

Our IPE group:

IPE team involved with diabetes care
Detecting type 1 diabetes:
• Can be detected when an infection triggers the body to destruct insulin making cells in the pancreas
• If a person is feeling:
- Thirsty
- Excessively tired
- Losing weight fast
- Dehydration

How is Diabetes Detected/ Prevented?
• Diabetes Mellitus is an often life-long chronic metabolic condition where the body fails to secrete or respond properly to insulin.
• There are several different types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2.
• The causes of diabetes types 1 and 2 differs
+Type 1: heredity, genes, less controllable
+Type 1: lifestyle factors, diet, age
• Symptoms: Excessive thirst and urination, fatigue, susceptibility to and difficulty clearing up infections
What is Diabetes?

A diabetes specialist is able to assist a person diagnosed with diabetes in several ways:
 explain the daily requirements of a person diagnosed with diabetes.
 the risks that can occur if improper maintenance occurs.
 Instructions on how to self manage diabetes.
 How the use of an insulin pump can be easier for daily maintenance.
Diabetes educator:
 Change patterns in there food
 Provide a healthy meal plan
 Provide advice for a better diet and lifestyle
Dietician/ Nutritionist:
Effect of diabetes if treated from young age:

+ Child has less memories prior to life without diabetes
+ Both surrounding family and patient have healthier lifestyle as of condition.
+ Daily Blood Glucose tests and insulin injections

How does Diabetes affect the patient and their family?
Effect of Diabetes if not treated properly:

+ An added risk of complications: Heart failure, stroke, kidney damage, ETC.
+ There has been found to be a strong link between poor mental health and diabetes.
+ Impact on the family.
Adams, J. (2012). Life experience for an adolescent with type 1 diabetes: Nursing strategies to support a healthy lifestyle.
Whitireia Nursing Journal, 19, 18-26.
Retrieved from: http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=090465631473437;res=IELHEA

Australia Institute of Health and Welfare (2013). Australia's Health. Retrieved from: http://www.aihw.gov.au/diabetes/health-service-use/

Ali, N. (2011). Diabetes and You: A Comprehensive, Holistic Approach. Diabetes and You. Retrieved from: http://www.reader.eblib.com.au.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au

Joyce, A. P., & Newton, T. J. (2012). Human Perspectives (6th ed.). Australia: MPS limited.

Nash, J. (2013). Diabetes and Wellbeing: managing the psychological and emotional challenges of diabetes types 1 and 2. Diabetes and Wellbeing (2nd ed., 1-2). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Schwarts, S.(2010).Correct use of a New Reusable Insulin Injection Pen by Patients with Diabetes: A Design Validation Study. Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology,4(5),1229-1235.Retrieved from: http://www.nibi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC/articles

Sherr, J. L., & Weinzimer, S. A. (2012). Diabetes types 1 and 2 in the pediatric population. Pediatric Annals, 41(2) 1-7. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/00904481-20120112-09.

Zaidi, S. (2007). Take Charge of Your Diabetes: A Revolutionary Plan for Treating Your Diabetes and Preventing its Complications. United States of America: Perseus Book Group. Retrieved from: http://www.reader.eblib.com.au.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au

• Diabetes Mellitus has two most commonly occurring types of diabetes; Type 1 and Type 2.
• First contact of medical help is received from a local general practitioner
• They can then be referred onwards to.....
 Optician/ Optometrist
 Podiatrist
Detecting type 2 diabetes:
• If a person is feeling tired, thirsty, is urinating excessively, is developing skin rashes that are itching heavily or is frequently having persistent infections
• They are at a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes
• If they live an unhealthy lifestyle

Preventing type 1 diabetes:
• Can’t currently be prevented
• Scientists have been researching into the autoimmune processes
• Also environmental factors that both can lead to type 1 diabetes
• Looking to try and prevent it in the future

Preventing type 2 diabetes:
• It has been shown that type 2 diabetes can be delayed and even prevented by a change in lifestyle
• This is because it is a lifestyle disease
• Increasing physical activity, weight loss and an improved diet significantly changes the outcome
• These factors have all proved to significantly reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes

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