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Antarctica

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by

Isaac Bray

on 8 May 2013

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Transcript of Antarctica

By Isaac Bray Antarctica Seasons of Antarctica The seasons in Antarctica are generally split into summer and winter. In the summer ice breaker boats sail down to Antarctica. Also Japanese whaleing boats go ther in summer. In summer it is almost alwys light. In winter all the water around Antarctica freezes stopping any boats from sailng down. Some bases on Antarctica stop in winter and some don't. Location Of Antarctica Antarctica is located in the southern hemi-sphere, it can also be found in the western and easter hemi-spheres. Antarctica is split into two halves by the Transarctic Mountains, East Antarctica and West Antarctica. The four most famous ice shelves are Ross Ice Shelf, Larson Ice Shelf, Ronne Filchner Ice Shelf and Amery Ice Shelf. Flora and Fauna In Antarctica there is lots of fauna (animals) and flora (plants). There is around 800 species of plants on Antarctica. There is around 20,000 species of animals on Antarctica. Some famous animals are the emperor penguin, weddell seals, antarctic skuas, killer whales, adelie penguins and blue whales. Some of the plants that live on Antarctica are algae, mosses, liverworts and lichens. Bibliogrphy www.google images.com.au Seasons of Antarctica
www.wikipedia.org Bases On Antarctica
www.geoscience.scar.org Bases On Antarctica
http://amurdoch.com Flora and Fauna
www.coolantarctic.com Mining In Antarctic
www.whalefacts.org
http://classroomantarctica.gov.au
http://libary.thinkquest.org Mining in Antarctica In Antarctica at the moment there has been and still is alot of mining. In Antarctica they mine silver, gold, cobalt, copper, chromium, iron, molybdenum, manganese, nickel, lead, titanium, uranium and zinc. Mining exploits oils and gases into the air. Some rocks in Antarctica are believed to contain oil or gas. Whaling In Antarctica In 1994 a sanctuary for whales was set in the Antarctic Ocean. At the moment Japan has been killing hundreds of whales in Antarctica. Some whales are killed for ther blubber to make mateirials such as oil, food and clothing. In the 1930's over 50,000 whales were being killed anually and by the middle of the century many of the species were unable to recover quickly. Whaling Video DO NOT WATCH IF YOU HAVE NIGHTMARES http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=4qTwvyECllk Antarctic Treaty The Antarctic Treaty is a program to protect Antarctica for future protection and care. The Antarctic Treaty encourages international coporation in research. It was signed in the Cold War. The treaty was enormously successful. Antarctica is in the Eastern, Weastern and Southern heemi-spheres. One of the most important Antarctic explorers is Sir Ernest Shackleton. Ernest was born on the 15Th of February 1874 in County Kildare Ireland but he grew up in London and he died on the 15Th of January 1922. Shackleton first went to Antarctica in 1901 but was sent home in 1904 on health grounds. Later Shackleton returned to Antarctica in 1907, he was leading the Nimrod Expedition. Explorers Territories in Antarctica 7 countries own a division of Antarctica. These countries are
Norway, Australia, Britain, New Zealand, France, Argentina and
Chile. How ever a small division of is unwanted land belongs to no
one. One famous Australian base is called Mawson named after
Douglas Mawson
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