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Invention and Innovation
Transcript of Invention and Innovation
History of Technology
Process of invention
‘the systematic study of the
practical or industrial arts’
Big or alien machines
an object is made for a special purpose using knowledge and practical skills
responds to market pull and technology push
fears are generated
a new process that is a response to some need or problem
the increase in memory and swiftness of access of knowledge, control of machinery and the community
•High, Intermediate, Low Technology
Tools that cost little or nothing to buy
Cost nothing to operate
Work is slow and hard
Most labour intensive
The tool makes the work easier
Costs associated with the tool
High (Advanced) technology
Made in another area
Expensive to maintain
May deprive others of work
“Give a man a fish and you
are helping him for a short while,
teach him the art of fishing
and you have helped him all
Advanced technology is inappropriate for underdeveloped countries
Intermediate technology based on locally available materials is better
Appropriate technology will suit the need of its users
It should be environmentally friendly and non violent
Utilise local skill / manufacturing resources
It should increase employment
Homework number 1 :-)
•Changes through which economic, cultural, and military techniques have evolved.
•The use of social, economic and political consequences that those changes have produced.
•Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)
•Neolithic (New Stone age) transition
2.5 million years ago
gathering eggs, insects and edible plants
spears and spear throwers
bow and arrow
simple oil lamps
mortars and pestles
bone sewing needles
polishing stone tools
characterised by the origins of food production
More people - limited land/food
sacred (Greek hieros) inscriptions (Greek glypho)
from the Greek word demotikos meaning ‘popular’
Latin word "cuneus", meaning wedge
(i)A timeline which shows the major technological developments from Paleolithic
times up to the present (November 2009).
(ii)On your timeline give some indication of the location of the various breakthroughs in technology.
(iii)Include detailed notes and interesting information for as many of these developments as possible.
(iv)Illustrate your timeline using as many different techniques as possible ranging from picture from the internet to your own drawings.
(v)Make an attempt to classify the different types of technology and perhaps include a key to explain the differences.
(vi)Comment on the impact on Society and Individuals.
(vii)Predict possible developments in the future.
Use the rubric
Assess according to the criteria not by popularity
Record your feedback
Read the feed back given and seek clarification from the marker if needed
Design the rubric first!!!!
Mr.M's STS Skydrive!
How has communication changed in the past century? (discus the push/pull factors
Behind these innovations)
Guns, Germs and Steel
-watch part one in class
-watch part two and three later on
(watching TV as homework)
-answer the Question of 'Yali'
the secret 5 (well, 6!)
1) Finding Great Ideas
How to start and keep the creative juices flowing and create great inventions. How to decide which of your ideas are worth pursuing.
Improve Your Ability to Brainstorm http://inventors.about.com/b/2008/03/08/tips-for-inventing-brainstorming.htm
Invention Idea Survey http://inventors.about.com/b/2008/03/16/tips-for-inventing-invention-idea-survey.htm
Why You Might Want to Get Your Invention Idea Assessed http://inventors.about.com/od/marketassessment/a/evaluation.htm
What is Invention Assessment and Why is it Invaluable? http://inventors.about.com/od/patentdrawing1/a/assessment.htm
2) Business Start Up
If you have decided to establish a business to manufacture or sell your own invention, you will need a business plan to raise money or/and help your new business flourish.
Business Plans 101 http://inventors.about.com/od/businessplans/a/business_plan.htm
Tutorial: Creating Business Plans for the Independent Inventors http://inventors.about.com/od/entrepreneur/a/biz_plan.htm
How Do I Raise Money? http://inventors.about.com/od/fundinglicensingmarketing/a/inventionfunds.htm
3) Want to Sell Your Invention?
How to succeed at selling and marketing your inventions. The most fundamental piece of advice I would give a newbie trying to sell his/her invention is this; conduct yourself in an appropriate businesslike manner. The tutorials below will help you achieve this and more.
Do I Make It Myself or Let Someone Else Make It? http://inventors.about.com/od/fundinglicensingmarketing/a/Making_Money.htm
Tutorial: Creating a Marketing Plan for the Independent Inventor http://inventors.about.com/od/licensingmarketing/a/tutor_marketing.htm
What Are Patent Assigments? Patent Licensing? http://inventors.about.com/od/licensingmarketing/a/patent_licensin.htm
How To License Your Patent http://inventors.about.com/cs/licensingmarketing/ht/Licensing.htm
How To Find People That Want to Buy or License Your Invention http://inventors.about.com/od/licensingmarketing/a/license.htm
4) Making a Prototype
An outline of the basics of making a prototypes - why make a prototype. By definition a prototype is a full-size working model of your invention suitable for use in the complete evaluation of form, design, performance, and material processing.
Making a Prototype http://inventors.about.com/od/prototypes/a/prototype.htm
Prototypes for Inventions http://inventors.about.com/od/prototypes/Prototypes_for_Inventions.htm
5) Keeping an Inventor's Logbook/Journal
Detailed records of the concepts, test results, and other information related to making an invention should be kept in a logbook. You can start a logbook from the very first moment you think of an idea.
Before You Start an Inventors Log Book http://inventors.about.com/od/inventormagazines/bb/log_book.htm
Proving You Were First to Invent: Keep a Logbook http://inventors.about.com/od/logbook/a/logbook.htm
How To Keep an Inventors Log Book http://inventors.about.com/cs/logbook/ht/Log_book.htm
"To Patent" or "Not to Patent" That is the Question
"I want to make money before/without having a patent." This is a controversial issue, however, many successful inventors do follow this path. On the other hand, many experts and patent lawyers consider it foolish. This is not a path for the faint of heart, you need to be business savvy and have some experience to pull it off.
Alternatives to Patenting http://inventors.about.com/b/2008/04/03/alternatives-to-patenting.htm
How Hard Is It To Patent? http://inventors.about.com/od/firststeps/a/patent_an_idea.htm
Marketing is Key http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa062897.htm
Patents, Success, and Money http://inventors.about.com/cs/basicshowtoinvent/a/aa041599.htm
above is the link to the mod tech presentation