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EDEXCEL GCSE PE Revision

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on 11 May 2016

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Transcript of EDEXCEL GCSE PE Revision

Principles of Training
3,4,5,6,7
Goal Setting
Training Methods
The Cardiovascular System
.
.
3
reasons for taking part
S
GCSE PE
EDEXCEL
Revision
Principles of Training
4
definitions
A state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
a form of physical activity which maintains or improve health and/or physical fitness
ability to meet the demands of the environment
how well a task is completed
5
components of HEALTH RELATED FITNESS
Cardiovascular Fitness
Muscular Strength
Muscular Endurance
Flexibility
Body Composition
6
components of SKILL RELATED FITNESS
Agility
Balance
Co-ordination
Power
Reaction Time
Speed
7
components of a balanced diet
Vitamins
Micronutrients
vision
skin
red blood cell formation
Minerals
calcium
iron
Macro nutrients
Carbohydrates
Fats
Protein
Water
Fibre
pecific
P
rogressive
verload
O
R
eversibility
f
requency
i
ntensity
t
ime
t
ype
R
est and recovery
S
M
A
R
T
pecific
easurable
chievable
ealistic
ime-bound
"Next season I want Newcastle to have qualified for Europe..."
Steve Maclaren, Nov 2015
"Next season I want Newcastle to win the Championship..."
Mike Ashley Nov 2015
Bad example
Good Example
Interval training
Circuit Training
Weight training
Cross training
Continuous training
Fartlek training
C
H
I
R
P
S
ultural
eople
ealth
mage
esources
ocio-economic
anaerobic
includes rest
short bursts
repetitions of work at near maximum which develops cardiovascular fitness
aerobic
cheap
individual or group
can be done in lots of places
adapted to include FITT principle
can be done almost anywhere
can take place over a variety of terrains
can include hill work
can be flexible
suited to games players
can combine components of fitness
cheap
all levels of individual needs can be catered for
can be aerobic and anaerobic
progressive overload can be applied
can improve strength
range of exercises
easy to monitor progress
allows a variety of training
can be used individually or in a group
can be adapted
Increased HR... why?
increased blood pressure... why?
Systolic pressure rises during exercise
what is diastolic pressure?
during exercise...
faster, deeper breathing
increased body temperature
sweating
muscles ache
longer term effects on CV system...
decreased resting HR
Faster recovery HR
Increased SV
Increased cardiac output
effect on lifestyle....
rest allows the heart muscle to grow thicker and increase the number of capillaries
factors that have a negative impact on the CV system....
The respiratory system
...brings oxygen in and takes carbon dioxide out
tidal volume
Vital capacity
alveoli
Short
and long term effects of exercise
Breathing quickens and deepens
oxygen debt
Short and
long
term effects of exercise
increased efficiency of the lungs
increased vital capacity
more alveoli available for gas exchange
VO2 max increased
effects of smoking on the alveoli and gas exchange
damages lungs (alveoli) - less stretchy
Muscles
antagonistic pairs
hypertrophy
Full transcript