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Guinea Pigs

Caring for Guinea pigs, Types of Guinea pigs, Learn About Wild Guinea Pigs, Guinea pigs, small pets

Sydney Sweet

on 17 November 2013

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Transcript of Guinea Pigs

Natural Habitat
Natural Diet
Guinea pigs never were actually wild. Studies show that they originated from a different rodent which closely resembled the guinea pig. These ancestors lived in various regions of South America.
In the wild, the guinea pig ancestors lived together in herds of several sows (females) and a single boar (male). A boar would claim the females as his own, and would not let any other boar near them. Guinea pigs were prey animals, therefore they were constantly hiding from predators.
The guinea pig herd would graze continuously throughout the day on various plants but mostly on grasses.
Guinea Pigs
Guinea Pigs in the Wild
Guinea Pigs Living Together
Taming and Friendliness
Guinea Pigs and Other Pets
Guinea pigs tend to be shy, but sweet. They rarely bite, but shy away easily if frightened. They have a wide array of noises available to them, from loud squeaks and chortles, to soft purring. Their squeaks usually mean "feed me!" or "danger!"
Just like humans, certain guinea pigs may not get along. For the most part though, they are much happier living in pairs or trios. Many people believe that two boars will fight, but actually they can live quite happily together as long as no females are present. One boar can also live with a few females as long as they are neutered.
Guinea pigs, once tame, can be extremely friendly. They will recognize their owner, and become excited when they see them. Depending on a guinea pig's personality, they may enjoy cuddling in your lap, or exploring their surroundings.
Some cats and dogs get along just fine with guinea pigs, but others see them as prey. It is best to keep all other pets away from guinea pigs to avoid any risks and keep the guinea pig from feeling threatened. If your pets get along, then supervision is ALWAYS required when they are interacting.
Guinea Pig Characteristics
Short Haired
Skinny Pig
The most common type of guinea pig, coat is smooth and short, it lies flat a long the back; also known as the American
Many complex swirls make up this dense and coarse coat
The same fur type as the short-haired, except this breed has a single rosette on its forehead.
This bald guinea pig is ideal for allergy sufferers. It is almost completely bald except for a patch of hair on the face and feet.
Long flowing hair with a part and a single rosette on its forehead. This breed needs a lot of brushing to keep its coat knot free
Coat is smooth and straight; it grows with a natural part. The hair comes down over the head and will require a huge amount of grooming
Unusual, long curly hair which forms a tight corkscrew. The hair becomes knotted easily and requires a huge amount of maintenance.
Also known as the Sheltie, the hair grows back over the body without a part.
A very dense and fuzzy coat which sticks up. This breed is very soft and cuddly, hence the name "Teddy"
Dense and short coat with hairs that stand up all over. It has a wooly texture and somewhat resembles the teddy
Caring For Guinea Pigs
A regular, store bought cage is not enough space for any guinea pig. These cages should only be used as travel cages or emergency homes.
Cage Size Standards:
1 Guinea Pig: 7.5 square ft
2 Guinea Pigs: 7.5 - 10.5 square ft
3 Guinea Pigs: 10.5 - 13 square ft
4 Guinea Pigs: At least 13 square ft
It is almost impossible to find these cage sizes in pet stores, instead guinea pig owners must make there own.
These are called C& C cages. They are made out of storage cubes and coroplast.
They are much less expensive
then store bought cages, and are
easy to make!
For more information on guinea pig cages, visit:

A basic c & c cage
Inside a basic cage
An awesome double-decker cage!
Closed cages can be made too if cats, dogs and small children are around
To buy a pre-made cage go to:
To learn more about c & c cages visit:
To learn more about guinea pigs watch this video:
On the floor of their cage, guinea pigs need something soft and absorbent to live on.
The most common type of bedding is wood shavings or CareFresh.
Wood shavings
Less expensive
Have a nice smell
Not too absorbent
Can be dusty - cause breathing problems
May have bugs living in it
Very absorbent
Looks nice - many color options
Not as dusty
Soft on piggies feet
Not completely dust free
Is very expensive!!!
CareFresh is a brand of bedding made from a wood pulp
Another common type of bedding is fleece
Looks super cute!
So many patterns to choose from
No dust
Very soft and comfy
Wicks away urine well
Cost over a period of time is much less then other bedding
Environmentally friendly
Much more maintenance is required
Frequent washing in washing machine
Initial cost is expensive
May not wick urine at first
Guinea pig on wood shavings
Piggies on CareFresh
Guinea pigs on fleece
Guinea pigs are rodents and herbivores
They need to be fed 1-2 times daily
Commercial guinea pig food - no seeds only pellets
Hay is a must. Guinea pigs need hay in order to stay healthy. It gives them vitamin C and wears down their teeth
Clean water every other day
Fresh fruits and veggies
Guinea pigs especially love bell peppers, lettuce, carrots and most other vegetables and fruits
Food bowls
Hay rack
Water bottle
Tunnels/Hide outs
Total Cost: Around $150
This initial cost will vary depending on the type of bedding and cage
To buy pre-made fleece bedding visit:

To learn how to care for fleece visit:
Thank you For Viewing!
Vitamin C is crucial for guinea pigs. They should be fed an abundance of fresh vegetables as well as a vitamin supplement.

Most pet stores recommend using vitamin drops in the guinea pigs water, but this is an inefficient source of vitamins. After one day most liquid drops are degraded and therefore are not consumed by the guinea pigs.

I recommend using
Oxbow Daily C Tablets
which most guinea pigs love the taste of. Just give one tablet to each guinea pig every day to prevent vitamin deficiency related illness such as scurvy.
List of foods that Guinea pigs can and cannot eat:

Info on pellets:

More info on a guinea pigs dietary needs:
For more info on caring for, adopting, socializing, handling, and more please visit this wonderful website:
To buy CareFresh or wood shavings visit your local pet store or order it online
Getting Started with Supplies
An open 2 x 3 C & C cage (any color) = $55
60 Liter bag of CareFresh Natural Premium Soft = $22
2 Ceramic Bowls
Any two pet friendly ceramic bowls = $5
Buy from any local pet store
These bowls are from PetSmart:
Oxbow Cavy Cuisine Guinea Pig Food = $15
Water Bottle
Any 16 - 32 oz. water bottle = $6
These bottles are from PetSmart
48 oz bag of Kaytee Timothy Hay = $10
Hay Rack
Small hay rack = $6
Hidy House
Super Pet Igloo = $7
Chews, hideouts, sleeping bags, tunnels, treats.
Buy at any local Pet store or make them yourself!
Guinea pig's "happy" sounds
Oxbow Daily C Tablets
Order from Amazon.com
My Piggies Pumpkin and Peanut
It is also very simple to make you own hay rack using a C & C grid which is less expensive than buying a hay rack from a store.
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