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Civil Rights In Texas
Transcript of Civil Rights In Texas
Liberty to Equality
Individuals in Civil Rights
Questions and tasks
Henry Ossian Flipper
Smith vs. Allwright 1944
Sweatt vs. Painter 1950
Civil Rights Act 1964
XXIV Amendment 1964
Great White Hope
Strange Demise of Jim Crow
Created Equal http://createdequal.neh.gov/for-teachers
Jim Crow http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/index.html
Houston Informer http://www.houseofrussell.com/legalhistory/sweatt/inf/HI-index.htm
James Farmer http://jamesfarmer.umwblogs.org/
Remembering Jim Crow http://americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/remembering/bitter.html
“Racism was the belief that race has something to do with intelligence, character and morality. Racism was a concept that some races are inferior and others are superior. That’s a lie.”
Source: “James Farmer Shares Outlooks on Racism,” The Mary Washington Bullet, April 18, 1996.
Henry O. Flipper
Lyndon B. Johnson
Houston Informer newspaper articles: primary source
Sweatt vs. Painter
Jim Crow Houston
Great White Hope
General Order Number 3
One of General Granger’s first orders of business was to read to the people of Texas, General Order Number 3 which began most significantly with:
"The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free.
This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and free laborer."
Smith vs. Allwright
Civil Rights Act 1964
Jim Crow Texas
We are a people in a quandary about the present. We are a people in search of our future. We are a people in search of a national community. Barbara Jordon
“The words 'bad timing' came to be ghosts haunting our every move in Birmingham.
Yet people who used this argument were ignorant of the background of our planning...they did not realize that it was ridiculous to speak of timing when the clock of history showed that the Negro had already suffered one hundred years of delay.”
― Martin Luther King Jr., Why We Can't Wait
"we live as a group, and what affects one, affects the whole group; and I belonged to was not wanted" Heman Sweatt
Anyone who said he wasn't afraid during the civil rights movement was either a liar or without imagination.
I was scared all the time. My hands didn't shake but inside I was shaking.
There is no obstacle in the path of young people who are poor or members of minority groups that hard work and preparation cannot cure.
A community is democratic only when the humblest and weakest person can enjoy
the highest civil, economic, and social rights that the biggest and most powerful possess.
A. Philip Randolph
By the 1960s, many of us believed that the Civil Rights Movement could eliminate racism in America during our lifetime. But despite significant progress, racism remains. Bill Cosby
A child born to a Black mother in a state like Mississippi... has exactly the same rights as a white baby born to the wealthiest person in the United States. It's not true, but I challenge anyone to say it is not a goal worth working for.
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Camp Logan 1917
Sweatt vs. Painter 1950
Strange Demise of Jim Crow Houston
Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration commemorating the ending of slavery in the United States. Dating back to 1865, it was on June 19th that the Union soldiers, led by Major General Gordon Granger, landed at Galveston, Texas with news that the war had ended and that the enslaved were now free. Note that this was two and a half years after President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation - which had become official January 1, 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation had little impact on the Texans due to the minimal number of Union troops to enforce the new Executive Order. However, with the surrender of General Lee in April of 1865, and the arrival of General Granger’s regiment, the forces were finally strong enough to influence and overcome the resistance.
Later attempts to explain this two and a half year delay in the receipt of this important news have yielded several versions that have been handed down through the years. Often told is the story of a messenger who was murdered on his way to Texas with the news of freedom. Another, is that the news was deliberately withheld by the enslavers to maintain the labor force on the plantations. And still another, is that federal troops actually waited for the slave owners to reap the benefits of one last cotton harvest before going to Texas to enforce the Emancipation Proclamation. All of which, or neither of these version could be true. Certainly, for some, President Lincoln's authority over the rebellious states was in question For whatever the reasons, conditions in Texas remained status quo well beyond what was statutory.
Andrew Johnson's veto
Camp Logan Riots
What ways were the civil rights movement in Texas different than in other Southern states?
Who were the local and state leaders for the Texas civil rights movement?
What were the effects on the state and federal levels for the Texas civil righs movement?
Strategy for analyzing primary sources
Short answer format-paragraphs
Writing conclusion paragraphs
comparing media sources for analysis
interpreting quotes for meaning
Fine Arts in Jim Crow
Education remains the key to both economic and political empowerment.
Black Codes Texas
understand the significance role of individuals and civil rights in Texas
causes and effects of significant events in Jim Crow Texas
analyze primary sources about civil rights events in Texas
interpret media sources for content
utilize additional resources for analysis and understanding
interpret quotes for abstract meaning
write a conclusion paragraph