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Wellness Assignment: Sexual Health

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Toyomi Ito

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Wellness Assignment: Sexual Health

STD's Unplanned
Pregnancy Sexual Health Birth
Control single mothers: raise child by themselves Sexual and Rights HIV and AIDs What can happen? Symptoms Herpes Syphilis Chlamydia Hepatitis B Hepatitis D Hepatitis By. Jaskaran, Eric & Toyomi Consider partners' needs Express feelings and listen to suggestions Support Responsibilty Listen and be listened to Honesty Accept Disagreement Fairness Give
freedom Safe and
security Respect needs and privacy Forgiveness Build self esteem Respect partners sexually Most Common STD's
in Canada and Lower Mainland live below poverty line Child abuse low birthweight low self-esteem: criminal behavior Academic issue: lack of knowledge and skills in childhood less close relationship between mother and child confusion fear frustration depression Emotional
Effects A, C and E : body fluids
B and D : sexually Cause : contact with infected blood, semen, and some other body fluids Treatment : diet high in PROTEIN and CARBOHYDRATE, lots of rest
Worse case : interferon Cause : infected blood, unprotected sex, and using infected needles Treatment : NONE Cause : skin-to-skin contact, or transfer of infected genital fluids * may transfer to the baby Treatments : 1. Podophyllin resin
2. Podopfilox lotion/gel
3. Cryocautery (cryotherapy)
4. Laser treatments
5. Electrocautery
6. Surgical excision * requires follow up Bibliography Chlamydia Cause: PID (=Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)
and infertility (untreated), premature baby
Infection: eyelids and baby in infected mother
Treatment: antibiotics and also prevent reinfection 5 different types = naturally occuring protiens made by cells Symptoms http://www.healthlinkbc.ca/kb/content/symptom/stdis.html http://www.google.co.jp/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=6&ved=0CGMQFjAF&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.thenationalcampaign.org%2Fresources%2Fpdf%2Ffast-facts-consequences-of-unplanned-pregnancy.pdf&ei=rnTeUOfLHsOKlQW4goC4AQ&usg=AFQjCNFH_ioueoZ7VDxTB6OnyDUuvwRvqg&sig2=Lq8SXCdnHjHHXsUinz3PtA&bvm=bv.1355325884,d.dGI http://www.google.co.jp/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=6&ved=0CGMQFjAF&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.thenationalcampaign.org%2Fresources%2Fpdf%2Ffast-facts-consequences-of-unplanned-pregnancy.pdf&ei=rnTeUOfLHsOKlQW4goC4AQ&usg=AFQjCNFH_ioueoZ7VDxTB6OnyDUuvwRvqg&sig2=Lq8SXCdnHjHHXsUinz3PtA&bvm=bv.1355325884,d.dGI http://www.blackwomenshealthproject.org/aasexresp.htm

http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/relationships/relationship-responsibilities-19914.htm

http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/birth-control-4211.htm

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/145869.php

http://www.avert.org/genital-warts.htm End •Abstinence
•Birth Control Implant
(Implanon and Nexplanon)
•Birth Control Patch
(Ortho Evra)
•Birth Control Pills
•Birth Control Shot (Depo-Provera)
•Birth Control Sponge (Today Sponge)
•Birth Control Vaginal Ring (NuvaRing)
•Breastfeeding as Birth Control
•Cervical Cap (FemCap)
•Condom
•Diaphragm
•Female Condom
•Fertility Awareness-Based Methods (FAMs)
•IUD
•Morning-After Pill
(Emergency Contraception)
•Outercourse
•Spermicide
•Sterilization for Women
•Vasectomy
•Withdrawal (Pull Out Method) = Human Immunodefiency Virus Destroys CD4 helper lymphocyte No cure Medicine that interferes with HIV growth Affect on body? Attaches to CD4 (multiplication)
Disturb signals from CD4 to other immune cells
Weakens immune system How to prevent Avoid anal, vaginal or oral sex!!
Always use latex condoms
Avoid contact with bodily fluids
Never share needles HIV Transmission Major risk factors Other risk factor <Transmissions>
Blood
Semen
Vaginal fluids
Breast milk Statistics Genital Warts * only infect hepatitis B patients HDV (Hepatitis D Virus) hiv/aids herpes chlamydia hepatitis genital warts Gonorrhea :( Unprotected oral, vaginal
or anal sexual intercourse Sharing needs (Inject drugs, steroids, and other substance, tattoo needles People with other STDs
Higher chance of getting HIV ! How do doctors test and treat HIV Blood test
Collect cells from the inside of the cheek Self-prevented: take medication before 72 hours of sexual intercourse forced or not Phases = chancre May have swollen glands (first stage) Highly contagious Hard to know you are infected Rash breakouts on feet and hand palm Flu-like symptoms: fever or aches (happen weeks to months after first chancre) Sores on lips, mouth, throat, vagina and anus (if appear) Symptoms for second stage can disappear Disease and symptoms disappear but disease still remains Tertiary Difficulty walking, numbness
Gradual blindness
Possibly even DEATH * Most common sexual disease among young people * Hard to notice but easy to cure :) * People diagnosed with gonorrhea often have chlamydia shape: corkscrew or spiral Transmission: direct contact with a sore during intercourse Can be passed to baby during pregnancy 1990: decrease in infection rate
Recent times: steady increase in reported cases of syphilis Chancre last for 10 days to 3 months after contact Second stage: appear within 2-10 weeks Difficult to notice symptoms of syphilis Let your doctor know you are having sex so you can be treated :) Early stages cured by antibiotics How is it prevented Best way to prevent is not to have sex Transfer through pregnancy ( Mother to Child) increases the chance of HIV infected patients: treatment for a longer period of time Damaged body from late stage cannot be treated http://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/guide/chlamydia http://kidshealth.org/teen/infections/stds/std_herpes.html# http://kidshealth.org/teen/infections/stds/std_syphilis.html http://kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/stds/std_hiv.html# Called HSV 2 types HSV-1 and HSV-2 May not be aware of infection and may never have outbreaks of sores Itching or pain followed by sores (appear a few hours to a few days later) Sores on genital area, scrotum, buttocks or anus Sores: red bumps (first stage) soon turn into red, watery blisters Painful to urinate may open up, ooze fluid or bleed and then heal within the next 2-4 weeks Genital area: tender or painful Flu-like symptoms After disappearance of blisters: HSV-1 and HSV-2 becomes dormant in body until next herpes outbreak Approximate number of outbreaks: 4 ~ 5 herpes outbreaks/year Genital herpes: increases the risk of HIV infection Treatment Doctor can prescribe medication to control outbreaks and clear up painful sores Prevention Sure fire way to prevent genital herpes : abstinence teens Always use a latex condom! secretions in saliva HSV-2 more common HSV-1 transmitted through oral sex (causes cold sores or fever blisters) Transmission: vaginal, oral, or anal sex, especially from unprotected sex gonorrhea Fatigue
Rapid weight loss
Frequent long fevers
heaving sweating at night
swollen lymph CD4 = glycoprotein in immune cells Once infected, remain in body for lifetime repeat outbreaks of sores when herpe virus is reactivated pass to another person (unprotected intercourse) NO CURE for now Red firm, sometimes wet sores: no pain appear on vagina, rectum, penis, or mouth Primary (disappear in few weeks) may affect brain !! Untreated: spirochetes spread across all over body Secondary Latent Affects on Body Treatment Transmission 20%~40% * MOST COMMON
Young females are more infected Lower Mainland: 40% (increasing: East Kootenay, North Okanagan, Coast Garibaldi, Northern Interior including Van.) Syphilis * Disease in increase 1999 to 2000: 24% of decrease 2000: Outbreak in Northwest region Highest rate in Vancouver Females Burning sensation when urinating
yellowish-white discharge may ooze out of the urethra May have no symptoms/mild or not noticeable If the infection spreads to uterus or fallopian tubes: abdominal pain Spread infection of PID cause abdominal pain, fever and painful sexual intercourse Caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae Appearance of Symptoms 2-7 days after after being exposed to gonorrhea
Females appear later than males Females (when infected in uterus, fallopian tube, ovaries): scarring and infertility During pregnancy: problems in newborn babies meningitis and eye infection resulting in blindness Untreated gonorrhea affect other systems in body Symptoms Treatment Males Check for other std's If diagnosed: doctor prescribe antibiotics You can get gonorrhea even after being cured Use a latex condom every time !! Only birth control method to prevent gonorrhea What can happen? SAME AS FEMALES Swab cervix and vagina (females)
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