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THE EFFECTS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOY ON SOCIETY

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Jovelyn Tero

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of THE EFFECTS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOY ON SOCIETY

THE EFFECTS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ON SOCIETY
Effects of Science and Technology on Government and Religion
Governments can rise or fall in the basis of information that technology had provided.
Furthermore it opened the floodgates for more political process through wireless communications, internet, high speed data transmission and remote satellite broadcasting
Effects of Science and Technology on Trade and Commerce
Technology
is a key factor in developing the economy, job creation and increasing income levels, maintaining a sustainable growth and economic stability.
European countries,Japan and the United States economically benefited from the adoption of technology.
Backwater economies like Taiwan,Korea,Malaysia and Singapore became industrialized in a short span as a result of technological reasearch and development.
Capital and labor sectors have to contend w/ new processes like the increasing computerization, automation,robotics technology,
miniaturization effectively
decreasing the demand for human labor
Effects of Science and Technology on Socio-Economic Systems and Conditions
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power and the development of machine tools. It also included the change from wood and other bio-fuels to coal.
Other features involved in th Industrial Revolution were socio-
Economic and cultural.
The technological changes indcluded
the following:
Effects of Science and Technology on Human Perception of Reality
The perception of an individual of reality occurs with the observations made by the individual
Effects of Science and Technology on Human Mutual Dependence
the vital point to consider in this section is the consequences of a certain technology in terms of its tendency to increase or decrease mutual dependence among socio-economic groupings and from these synthesis ascertain the probable outcome of that technology's introduction and adoption
Effects of Science and Technology on the Environment and Natural Ecosystems
Worldwide emission of greenhouse gases have reached perilous levels that acid rain, derived from sulfur and nitrogen oxides, unabated ause of toxic chemicals that flow into our waterways, have affected health, industry and agriculture.
Some Important Contributions of Technology
effects of Science and Technology on
Government and Religion
Effects of Science and Technology on
Trade and Commerce

Effects of Science and Technology on
Socio-Economic Systems and
Conditions
Effects of Science and Technology on
Human Perception of Reality
Effects of Science and Technology on
Human Mutual Dependence
Effects of Science and Technology on
the Environment and Natural
Ecosystems

SOME IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTIONS OF
TECHNOLOGY
Religion
is one of humanity's major institutions.But more often, it provided reactions with regards to structural changes that affected society
the church as a spiritual sanctuary found itself at the center of controversies involving several scientific and technological dogma. Among them are:
(a)
the outrage of the church
to copernicus who proposed that the Sun was at the center of the Solar System
(b)
the Church's Inquisition
over the use of Galileo of the telescope to search the heavens for starss and planets to concur w/ Copernicus Heliocentric Theory w/c contradicted the prevailing Geocentric Theory.
science
and
religion
clashed on several fronts namely: redirection of common sense in favor of abstract reasoning,qualitative instead of quantitative view of nature and its phenomena,the view of nature as a machine rather than an organism and more importantly the development of the experimental method to seek specific answers to certain questions.
Religion
metamorphosed as the awareness of people or society expands. Thus religion likewise benefits from technology . The invention of the printing press immeasurablu enhanced the spread if the Word of God. During the 20th century ,utilized modern means of communication like newspapers, television and radio to reach out and spread the message of salvation.
Technological innovations have directly influenced the direction of
education
. Today's classroom-based education has been institutionalized and makes use of audio-visual equipment,cable TV and computer technology to cater the maximum number of students possible.Moreover the prospect of open universities and electronic-learning through the internet will be coming to full realization.
(1) the invention of new machines,such as the spinning jenny and the power loom that permitted increased production with a smaller expenditure of human energy.

(2) a new organization of work known as the factory system, w/c entailed increased division of labor and specialization of function
(3) important developments in transportation and communication, including: steam locomotive,steamship, telegraph, radio, motion pictures and later automobiles

(4) the increasing application of science and technology to industry and society's general welfare.
There were also many new developments in non industrial spheres, including the following:
(1) agricultural developments that made possible the provision of food supplies for a larger non agricultural urban population
(2) economic changes that resulted in a wider distribution of wealth, the declined of land as a source of wealth in the face of rising industrial production, and increased international trade.
(3) sweeping social changes,including the growth of cities that gradually shifted population migration from rural to urban-industrial settings
(4) the rise of working-class movements which actively campaigned for higher wages,better working conditions and labor rights.
(5) new patterns of authority emerged in the realm of industrial production
overall benefits to the people took many forms There was easier access to higher education and cheaper mass travel.More varied for food, better health care, preserved by better medicine ,medical treatment and new synthetic materialsn more housing facilities, and wider automobile ownership.
It sometimes seemed to glorify conspicous consumption ,immoral acts, greed and indifference, especially when it passed some people by.

One of the by-products of the affluent society was self-doubt and self-questioning-- the of kind of critical investigation of consumer values and social responsibility taht made people unsure of their deeper objectives
Discoveries have profound effects on human perceptions of what reality is. It could not be accepted outright and some adverse reactions will surely trigger debates but ultimately it will be information provided by science and technology that will settle the issues
Ecological integrity is the short hand term for general health and resilience of natural ecosystems.
Science and technology cold act as both an agent of preservation of destruction
It is not technology itself that determines its suitability but how it is properly utilized for the benefit of mankind now and for future generations
(a)
during the Neolithic Period, about
3500 years BCE,in Mesopotamia and Egypt, two cradles of ancient civilization w/c were traversed
by great rivers Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia and the Nile in Egypt ,people devised means to harness water power to develop agriculture and navigation. Frequent flooding of the river resulted in the fertility of the land making it suitable for farming. These ancient people learned to build dikes ad sailing vessels w/c were the precursors of agriculture, trading and navigation
(b)
Another example is the age of " King Cotton" in the southern United States.
With the cotton gin, processing of cotton became feasible and profitable
(c)
Sweden is a Scandinavian country w/c utilized science and technology to meet their economic needs. The nations eagerness and focus to creative invention and ingenuity coupled with state support brought progress to its economy.
Gustaf de Laval invented the cream separator. During the first 15 years of operation it had produced 100,000 machines and exported four- fifths of them.
(d)
another inventor named Birger Ljunstrom with the assistance of Alfred novel developed a bicycle with an adjustable gear shift. By 1908, together with his brother Fredrick, established a manufacturing entity producing large turbines.
Another enterprising individual Per Froms who had served as an apprentice with a company named Bollinders, founded the Husquana Company that manufactured bicycles. His products were recognizes and exported around the world
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