Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

MIDDLE AGES OF ENGLAND

No description
by

noelia aguilar

on 25 April 2011

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of MIDDLE AGES OF ENGLAND

THE MIDLE AGES, 1154-1485 THE MIDDLE AGES OF ENGLAND THE ARISTOCRACY SPOKE FRENCH UNTIL AFTER 1350
IRELAND WAS LESS DOMINATED BY NORMANS
THE CRUSANDING IDEAL WAS FRACTURED IN 1204 WHIT THE SUEGE AND CAPTURE OF CHRISTIAN CONSTANTINOPLE.
REBELLIONS IN WALES (1400-1409).
THE CONFLICT BETWRRN HENRY II AND ARCHBISHOP.
IN FRANCE, THE PEASANT GIRL JOAN OF ARC MOVED CENTRE STAGE FOR TWO YEARS. HENRY II: AN IMPERIALIST KING HENRY II AND IMPERIALISM FROM THE NATURE OF"FEUDALISM" AND HIS OWN OBSESSION WUT HIS RIGHTS.
HEMRY MARRIED ALEANOR IN 1152 ALSO HE GAINED AN INTERES IN TOULOUSE.
HENRY MOUNTED THREE PUNITIVE CAMPAINGS INTO WALES BETWEEN 1157-1163.
HENRY LANDED IN IRELADN IN 1171 AND HE WAS MET BY THE SUB-KUNGS OF LEINSTER AND OTHER KINGDOMS.
IN 1170, HENRY CLAIMED OUT OF THE BLUE THE RIGHT TO APPOINT AN ARCHBISHOP IN BOURGES.
COMMON LAW- HENRY II AND THE BIRTH OF A STATE CHURCH LAW LEGITIMISED CHILDREN BORN OUT OF WEDLOCK WHOSE PARENTS SUBSEQUENTLY MARRIED.
IN THE MIDDLE AGES -AS IN ALL SOCIETIES-LAW WAS ONLY ONE METHOD OF RESOLVING DISPUTES.
HENRY IIS REFORMS REGARSING LAND LAW PROTECTED TENENTS AGAINST THEUR LORDS.
IN 1170 HENRY IIS OFFICERS HAD HEARD COMPLAINTS CONCERNUNG THE ADNINISTRATION NOT ONLY OF SHERYFFS BUT ALSO LORDS.
HENRYS REGIME WAS NOT NECESSARILY MORE POWERFUL THAN THAT OF THE GREATEST ANGLO-SAXON OR NORMAN KINGS.

BECKET,THE CHURCH AND HENRY II THOMAS BECKETY ALSO ACTED AS HENRYS FOIL, TAKING ON THOSE ASPECTS OF KINGSHIP WHICH HENRY FOUND IRKSOME
BECKETY ACTED AS AMBASSADOR AND CHIEF NEGOTIATOR IN HENRYS EARLY DEALINGS WITH KING LOUIS OF FRANCE.
BECKETS ELEVATION TO THE ARCHBISHOPRIC.
IN 1164, HENRY PRESENTED THE BISHOPS WHIT THE INFAMOUS CONSTITUCIONS OF CLARENDON.
WHIT BECKET OUT OF THE WAY, THE POPE RECOGNISED THET THERE WAS AN OPPORTUNILY FOR PROPER RECONCILIATION BETWEEN KING AND CHURCH. THE CHARACTER AND LEGACY OF HENRY II.
HENRY WAS THE SON OF ANJOU AND MATILDA.
HENRY GOVERNED ALL HIS ACTIONS: HIS FOREING , HIS RELIGIOUS POLICY, HIS ECONOMIC AND LEGAL POLICY AND EVEN HIS PERSONAL LIFE.
1152 THE YOUNG PRINCE HENRY MARRIED ELEANOR OF AQUITANIE, THE CAST-OFF WIFE OF KING LOUIS VII OF FRANCE.
HENRY UNDOUBTEDLY HAD TWO BASTARDS, GEOFFREY "PLANTEGENET" AND WILLIAM "LONGSWORD".
HENRY II WAS DEVASTATED AND PROFOUNDLY SHAKEN BY THE WHOLE AFFAIR, HE TRIED TO RESTRUCTURE HIS KINGDOM REQUIRIN RICHARD TO GIVE UP AQUITAINE TO JOHN.

KING JOHN AND RICHARD I: BROTHERS AND RIVALS. KING JOHN WAS THE LAST OF THE ANGEVIN KINGS, WHO IMPOSED THE MAGNA CARTA.
HE WAS THE ARCHETYPICAL ANGEVIN, THE AUTOCRATIC RULER OF A VAST TERRITORY.
RICHARD WAS AN ABSENTEE WARRIOR KING.
THE DEATH OF HENRY THE YOUNGER IN 1183.
RICHARD WIULD NOT GIVE UP AQUITAINE.
IN 1185, HENRY HAD GIVEN UP ANY IDEA OF PRISING RICHARD FROM HIS PETRIMONY, AND WAS MORE CONCERNED WITH IRELAND.
THE PARANOIA THIS INDUCED BACKFIRED APECTACULARLY, RICHARD WITH LOUIS OF FRANCE DECLARED WAR ON HENRY IN 1189.
RECHERD WAS CROWNED KING ON 3 SEPTEMBER 1189.
KING JOHN AND THE MAGNA CARTA IN 1209, JONH HAD BEEN EXCOMMUNICATED IN A DISPUTE OVER THE APPOIMENT OF THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY.
THE REBELS DECLARED AGAINST THE KING ON 3 MAY 1215, THEIR DENABDS BASED UPON THE SO-CALLED "UNKNOWN CHARTER" DEVELOPED FROM THE LAWS OF HENRY I.
1215, JOHN HAD THE REBELS "BACK TO THE WALL". HE HAD RECAPTURE ROCHESTER CASTLE AND WAS POISED TO STRIKE AT LONDON
JOHN WAS HARRIED NORTHWARDS.
JOHN DIED IN 1216, HIS DEATH PULLED THE RUG OUT FROM UNDER THE FEET OF PRINCE LOUIS.
WILLIAM MARDHAL, DECLARED JOHNS SON AS KING HENRY III AND REISSUED MAGNA CARTA, REMOVING A MAJOR PART OF THE REBELS PLATFORM. KING JOHN, THE LUSIGNAN AFFAIR AND THE EARLY YEARS. THE BARONS OF NORMANDY AND ENGLAND WERE SWAYED BY THE HIGHLY RESPECTED WILLIAM MARSHAL TO SUPPORT JOHN.
JOHN WAS DEEPLY SUSPICIOUS OF THE POWERFUL POSITION HUGH LE BRUN HAD BUILT UP FOR HIMSELF DURING 1199.
JOHN WAS IMPLICATED IN THE MURDER OF ARTHUR OF BRITTANY.
THE NORMAN BARONS, TIRED OF THE AUTHORITARIAN TENDENCIES OF HENRY II AND HIS SONS
JOHN HAD NO OPTION BUT TO WUTHDRAW FROM NORMADY EN DECEMBER 1203.
JOHNS SUCCESSES IN WALES, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND CONTRASR SHARPLY WITH HIS FAILURES IN FRANCE.
WHEN LLYWELYN TRIED TO EXTAND HIS POWER INTO SOUTH WALES, JOHN INVADED IN 1211 AND SLAPPED HIM DOWN.
1211, JOHN WAS IN A VERY POWER POSITION WITHIN ENGLAND.
JONH ALSO LEVIED TWO GENERAL TAXES, INTRODUCED CUSTOMS DUTIES AND REFORMED THE SYSTEM OF FARMING OUT SHERIFFDOMS TO MAKE IT MORE PROFITABLE.
THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR IN 1337, EDWARD III HAD RESPONDED TO THE CONFISCATION OF HIS DUCHY OF AQUITAINE BY KING PHILIP VI OF FRANCE BY CHALLENGING PHILIPS RIGHT TO TH FRENCH THRONE.
ENGLANDS KING JOHN LOST NORMANDY AND ANJOU TO FRANCE IN 1204.
FRENCH SUPPORT FOR DAVID BRUCE OF SCOTLEND, EDWARD III´S INTERVENTION THERE, THET TRIGGERED, THE BREAKDOWN BETWEEN ENGLAND AND FRANCE AND CULMINATED IN PHILIP IVS CONFISCATION OF AQUITAINE IN 1337, IT PRECIPATATED THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR.
THE TWO CHEVAUCH{EAS THET HIS HEIR, EDWARD THE "BLACK PRINCE", LED OUT FROM BORDEAUX IN 1355-1356.
BETWEEN 1356 AND 1360, CHAOS ENGULFED THE KINGLESS FRENCH KINGDOM, WHIT CHARLES OF NAVARRETE IN REVOLT AND TEMPORARILY CONTROLLING PARIS IN 1358.
1375, THE FRENCH UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF THE SHERWD NEW KING, CHARLES V AND BERTRAND DE GUESCLIN.
THE ASSASSINATION OF LOUIS OF ORLÉANS IN 1407.
IN 1415, HENRY V CROSSED WITH A ROYAL HOST TO NORMANDY, TOOK HARFIEUR, AND MARCHING CHEVAUCHÉE-STYLE ACROSS NORTHER FRANCE.
ORLÉANS WAS INVESTED IN 1428.
IN 1429, JOAN OF ARC ARRIVED AT THE DAUPIN´S COURT AT CHINON.
IN 1449, AN ENGLISH FORCE SACKED AND LOOTED FOUGÉRES IN BRITTANY.
FRENCH VICTORY AT CASTILLON IN 1453 WAS THE FIRST MAJOR FIELD ENGAGEMENT OF THE WAR TO BE DECIDED BY GUNFIRE.

BLACK DEATH THE BLACK DEATH WAS " A SQUALID DISEASE THET KILLED WITHIN A WEEK" AND A NATIONAL TRAUMA THAT TRANSFORMED BRITAIN.
THE FIRST OUTBREAK OF PLAGUE SWEP ACROSS ENGLAND IN 1348-49, (BUBONIC AND PNEUMONIC).
THE BLACK DEATH ENTERED SOUTH-WESTERN ENGLAND IN SUMMER 1348 AND BY ALL ACCOUNTS STRUCK BRISTOL WITH SHOKING FORCE.
THE BLACK DEATH WAS TYO FLOURIEH IN THESE CONDITIONS.
THE PESTILENCE ARRIVED IN LONDON AT ABOUT THE FEAST ALL SAINTS AND DAILY DEPRIVED MANY OF LIFE.
LONDON WAS ALMOST CERTAINLY HIT BY A COMBINED ATTACK OF PNEUMONIC AND BUBONIC PLAGUE.
IN 1350, THERE WAS A GREAT PESTILENCE AND MORTALITY OF MEN IN KINGDOM OF SCOTLAND.
THE PLAGUE IN WALES AND THE MARCHES WERE AS PITILESS AS ELSEWHERE.
THE AFFECT OF THE PLAGUE IN IRELAND, THE SCARCITY OF MANORIAL RECORDS AND OTHER SOURCES.
IN 1361 E GENERAL MORTALITY OPPRESSED THE PEOPLE.
IN AD 1361 THERE WAS A MORTALITY OF MEN, ESPECIALITY ADOLESCENTS AND BOYS( THE PESTILENCE OF BOY). BLACK DEATH: THE DISEASE. THE BACTERIA WHICH CAUSED THE BLACK DEATH MOVED RAPIDLY THROUGH THE TOWNS AND COMMUNITIES.
THE BLACK DEATH WAS RARELY SPREAD FROM PERSON TO PERSON BY NORMAL VIRAL MEANS.
THE PLAGE WAS CAUSED BY A COMPLEX SERIES OF BACTERIAL STRAINS CALLED YERSINIA PESTIS, FOUND IN THE DIGESTIVE TRACT OF FLEAS.
THERE ARE 3 VARIETIES OF PLEGUE: BUBONIC, PNEUMONIC END SEPTICAEMIC.
PHEUMONIC PLAGUE IS A MORE VIRULENT FROM, CAUSED IN COLD WEATHER
RATS CARRIED THE BLACK DEATH ACROSS ASIA AND EUROPE.
THE PLAGUE BACTERIA IS THOUGTH TO HAVE SPREAD FROM THE ARID PLAINS OF CENTRAL ASIA.
THE BLACK DEATH WAS BLAMED ON EVIL HUMOURS CARRIED IN THE AIR OR EARTHQUAKES RELEASING POISINOUS FUMES.
1348, BISHOP EDENDON OF WINCHESTER ISSUED AND EDICT THROUGHOUT HIS DIOCESE, KNOWN AS THE "VOICE IN RAMA".


BLACK DEATH: THE LASTING IMPACT THE LONG TERM EFFECTS OF THE BLACK DEATH WERE DEVASTATING AND FAR REACHING.
AGRICULTURE, RELIGION, ECONOMICS AND EVEN SOCIAL CLASS WERE AFFECTED.
THE SUSTAINED ONSLAUGHT OF PLAGUE ON ENGLISH POPULATION AND SOCIETY OVER A PERIOD OF MORE THAN 3000 YEARS INEVITABLY AFFECTED SOCIETY AND THE ECONOMY.
THE BLACK DEATH BROUGHT ABOUT THE END OF FEUDALISM.
THE PLAGUE SPEEDED UP THE PROCESS BY REDUCING DRAMATICALLY THE NUMBERS OF PEASANTS AND ARTISANT.
THE CANTEBURY TALES CAME SIX YEARS AFTER THE GREAT REVOLT OF 1381.
THE PLAGUE AS A CATASTROPHE WHICH RUINED IN ENGLAND THROUGH CLERGY MORTALITY.
THE OLD MEDIEVAL TRIPARTITE DIVISION OF SOCIETY INTO THOSE WHO FOUGHT( THE NOBILITYAND KINGHTS; THE CHURCHMEN; THE PEASANTS).

BLACK DEATH:POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CHANGES. THE BLACK DEATH HAD A DEVASTATING IMPACT ON LOCAL COMMUNITIES, AND THE CLASS OF SURVIVORS CREATED A COUNTRY OF HIGHER WAGES AND PEASANTS.
THE IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCE OF THE PLAGUE: A SLASH IN THE COST OF LIVESTOCK AND INFLATION IN THE COST OF LABOUR.
THE ORDINANCE OF LABOURARS WAS PUBLISHED ON 18TH JUNA 1349.
TH EMERGENCE OF THE YEOMAN FARMER: A PEASANT SMALLHOLDER WITH UP TO 100 ACRES OF LAND.
IN 1371, AN ACADEMIC OXFORD CLERIC CALLED JOHN WYCLIFFE WAS PROMOTED INTO THE GOVERNMENT SERVICE OF KING EDWARD III.
THE PEASAT`S REVOLT WAS THE FIRST EVEN MASS UPRISING OF THE COMMON MAN IN ENGLAND.
THE PEASAT`S REVOLT WAS, IN FACT, A REVOLT OF THE YEOMAN GENTRY.
TAXATION WAS LEVIED THROUGH PARLIAMENT.
THE YEOMEN AND LESSER GENTRY, WHO FORMED THE LOCAL VILLAGE ÈLITES, FOUND THEMSELVES BOTH EXCLUDAD FROM THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS.
THE ULTIMATE RESULT OF THE PEASANT`S REVOLT WAS TO ELEVARE THE PERSONAL IMPORTANCE OF KINGSHIP TO NEW HEIGHTS.
IN 1362, PERLIAMENT PASSED A STATUTE DECREECING THAT ALL PLEAS SHOULD HEREAFTER BE HEARD IN ENGLISH.
CHAUCER`S CANTERBURY TALES WERE WRITTEN DURING THE 1380S.
THE REIGN OF RICHARD II, 1377 TO 1399 THE PEASANT`S REVOLT, THE FIRST MAJOR "HEADINE" RESULT OF THE SERIES OF PLAGUES THAT SWET ACROSS EUROPE.
RECHARD RULED AS A MATURE MONARCH FOR LITTLE MORE THAN A DECADE FROM 1389.
RICHARD IS THE FIRET KING TO RECRUIT A FULL TIME BODYGUARD OF LOYAL CHESHIRE BOWMEN.
RECHARD II INHERITED THE THRONE OF A GREAT MILITARY POWER WITH TITLES TO ENGLAND, FRANCE, IRELAND AND WALES.
THE PEASANTS` REVOLT 1381.
THE PLAGUE THAT STRUCK BRITAIN FROM 1348 KILLED ALMOST HALF THE POPULATION.
RICHARD WAS NOT AT EASE WITH MANY OF THE GREAT MEN OF THE LAND, THE CHIEF OF WHOM REMAINED JOHN OF GAUNT, THE KING`S UNCLE.
IN 1397 HE GAINED A TEXATION GRENT WITHOUT THERE BEING THE REQUIREMENTS FOR WAR.
RICHARD II BECAME THE FIRST KING TO VISIT IRELAND SINCE 1210
ON 1690S HIS IVNOLVEMENT IN IRISH AFFAIRS DID LITTLE TO INCLEASE ENGLIDH INFLUECE.
RICHERD SEEMED IN A VERY STRONG POSITION IN 1399.
140, RICHARD OF BOERDEAUX HAD STRAVED TO DEATH. LOLLARDS LONG BEFORE THE REFORMATION OF THE ROMAN CHURCH, THE FOLLOWERA OF JOHN WYCLIF WERE QUESTIONING CONVENTIONAL RELIGIOUS BELIEFS.
JOHN WYCLIF AND HIS LOLLARD FOLLOWERD WERE THE FIRST RECOGNISED CRITICS OF THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH.
THE MOST IMPORTANT LOLLARDS WERE A GROUP OF KNIGHTS WHO WERE PART OF THE KING`S COURT, WHICH REFLECTED TRADITIONAL NOBLE ANTICLERICALISM.
JOHN WYCLIF`S THEOLOGY WENT FAR BEYOND THAT EVENTUALLY ADOPTED BY THE ANGLICAN CHURCH OF ELIZABETH.
MID 1380S RICHARD STARTED AN ACTIVE CAMPAING AGAINST HERESY IN THE KINGDOM, ATTACKING HERETICAL WORKS, ARRESTING LOLLARDS AND SUPPORTING THE CHURCH AUTHORITIES.
THE MYTH OF HENRY V HENRY FIRST IS ORTEN REGARDED AS ONE OF ENGLAND`S FINEST KINGS.
AFTER HENRY´S DEATH, ENGLISH PROPAGANDA CONSTRUCTED AN EVEN MORE ELABORATE LEGEND.
HENRY`S QUARREL WITH HIS FATHER WAS NOT ABOUT THE ALLEGED YOUTHFUL PECCADILLOES ON WICH THE PROPAGANDA CONCERTRATED, BUT ABOUTH THE USUAL POLITICAL AGENDA: MONEY AND POWER.
SUCH IS THE TENOR OF SHAKESPEARE`S ACCOINT OF THE DISGRACE OF "PLUMP JACK" FALSTAFF, THE ABETTOR OF HENRY`S BOYHOOD PRANKS.
A FURTHER DIMENSION OF HENRY`S QUEST FOR SECURITY AT HOME WAS WSR ABROAD- A WAY OF EXPORTING ARISTOCRATIC VIOLENCE.
HENRY MARRIED A FRENCH PRINCESS, CETHERINE OF VALOIS. THE CATHEDRALS OF BRITAIN THE CATHEDRALS OF BRITAIN SPAN THE MILLENNIUM- FROM THE CATHEDRALS DATONG FROM THE 1100`S TO THE MODER CATHEDRALS FOUND IN LIVERPOOL AND COVENTRY.
CATHEDRALS WERE ELABORATE END BRIGHTLY COLOURED BEFORE MUCH OF THE INTERIOR DECORATION AND ORIGINAL MEDIEVAL ART WAS DESTROYED DURING THE REFORMATION AND THE CIVIL WAR.
MANY OF CATHEDRALS IN BRITAIN ARE ORIENTATED EAST TO WEST.
SALISBURY CATHEDRAL WAS BUILT AFTER THE BATTLE OF HASTINGS IN 1066 WHEN WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR SEIZED CONTROL OF ENGLAND END WALES, IT IS BUILT IN THE EARLY GOTHIC STYLE.
ST PAUL`S CATHEDRAL WAS BUILT ON THE SAME SITE IN 604 BY BISHOP MELLITUS.
THE GOTHIC CATEDRAL, ST MICHAEL`S OF COVENTRY, WAS DESTROYED IN 1940.
WINCHESTER CATHEDRAL ON A SITE THAT HAS BEEN A PLACE OF CHRISTIAN WORSHIP FOR OVER A THOUSAND YEARS, IT WAS A PLACE OF PILGRIMAGE.
WELLS CATHEDRAL WAS BULT IN THE GOTHIC STYLE IN THE LATE 1100S.
ST MAGNUS WA BUILT IN 1137.
LINCOLN CATHEDRAL IS AN IMPOSING TRIBUTE TO MEDIEVAL BRITISH ARCHITECTURE
LIVERPOOL´S SKYLINE IS DOMINATED BY TWO IMPOSING CATHEDRALS, LOVERPOOL OS HOME TO MANY FAITHS BUT THE CATHOLIC AND PROTESTANT FAITHS HAVE TREDITIONALLY DOMINATED THE CITY. A HITORY OF BRITISH ARCHITECTURE THE NORMAND CONQUEST OF 1066 TO BRING BACK THE LIGHT, AND THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL-BUILDERS OF THE MIDDLE AGES PLAYED EN IMPORTANT PART IN THE REVIVAL OF BRITISH CULTURE.
DOMANO-BRITISH CULTURE- AND THAT INCLUDED ARCHITECTURE ALONG WITH LANGUAGE, RELIGION POLITICAL ORGANISATION AND THE ARTS.
THE GREAT CATHEDRALS AND PARISH CHURCHES THAT LIFTED UP THEIRS TOWERS TO HEAVEN WERE NOT ONLY ACTS OF DEVOTION IN STONE.
BUILDINGS IN THE MIDDLE AGES:
WHITE TOWER OF LONDON IN 1078 ON THE ORDERS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR.
DURHAM CATHEDRAL WAS BEGUN BY BISHOP WILLIAN DE ST CARILEF IN 1093.
HADDON HALL WAS PROBABLY BEGUN IN THE 12TH CENTURY.
KING`S COLLEGE CHAPEL, CAMBRIDGE, SPANS THE PERIOD OF TRANSITION BETWEEN THE MIDDLE AGES AND THE TUDORS. ITS FOUNDATION STONE WAS LAID IN 1446 BY HENRY VI. END
Full transcript