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Climate Change - A multimedia summary

Continually updated visual summary from best books, reports & other media that explain the problem? Why is it so hard to act? What can I do about it? Feedback & any recommended sources welcome in the comments. View autoplay 4sec
by

Wendy

on 29 September 2015

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Transcript of Climate Change - A multimedia summary

Extraction
Combustion
Consumption
Climate change is surely the most multi-layered and intriguing problem in history – a perfect storm of
money and power, science and politics, technology and the human mind

Location 253
Duncan Clark and Mike Berners-Lee's Book
April, 2013
THE BURNING QUESTION
and
smarter use of technology
According to surveys, most of us
feel intuitively
that this is the natural way for a global issue such as climate change to be solved.

Negotiating a
top-down solution
.
After all, if the risks are so big, wouldn’t
world leaders
be putting a solution in place on our behalf?"

Location 666
Pokey Stick
‘rebound effects’:

a metaphor describing the way in which savings from efficiency gains bounce back as additional energy use elsewhere.

Location 807
make it cheaper, use more

"I've left the lights on but its okay because they're low-energy ones"
Location 814
saving leads to spending
- and that spending also has an energy impact.

Location 837
others absorb the slack

when one person or company consumes less energy, that will free up more fossil fuel for others to use.
Location 858
social and technical ripples

E.g Video conferencing enables distant relationships to thrive leading to increased demand for flying
Location 884
So far our attempts at reducing fossil fuel use has been like
squeezing a balloon
:

Location 765
- each of which needs
to support the others.

Location 248
Extraction
Combustion
Consumption
cuts made in one place
can reappear as additional use elsewhere.
To have the best chance of cutting emissions, it’s clear that efforts are needed to
apply the brakes to all three carriages at once
.


Location 879
imagine the
extraction
and
combustion
of
fossil fuels
-
...like the carriages of a train

Location 868
Extraction
Combustion
Consumption
You can't slow one without also slowing the others, and the three push and pull each other along.
Location 868
are intricately interconnected.
What one of us does
individuals,
countries
and whole continents
and very often those impacts
will offset some or
will impact on what the others do
even all of the carbon savings.
companies
Location 972
The Kaya Identity
Kaya Identity:
Screen grab from 2010 TED talk: Energy - Innovating to Zero!
Once the fuels are in the energy markets, they get burned, so if one of the four components rises or falls, then the others naturally move to accommodate the fuel use elsewhere

Location 1233
Energy begets energy because it suggests that, at a global level, we simply take out of the ground as much fossil fuel as we can

Location 1231

that has been asleep long enough for human civilisation to thrive
Rebound Type 1
Rebound Type 2
Rebound Type 3
There are 4 Rebound Types
Rebound Type 4


The problem is that...changing one component can change the others in the opposite direction.

Kaya therefore gives us another way of looking at how balloon-squeezing effects cancel out apparent progress.

Location 1017
CO
2
Emissions =
population x affluence x energy intensity x carbon intensity
P
=
S
eople
ervices per person
E
nergy per service
C
O per unit energy
x
x
x
2
But..
Tackling the climate change will require a mix of...
harder global politics,
passionate campaigning
RSA Report from Dec 2013
"A New Agenda on Climate Change"




Page 44
Listed 3 More Rebound Types
Psychological Rebound

E.g. Since I do lots of good recycling, "I've done my bit" and moral licencing "it doesn't matter if I take an extra flight."

Cultural Rebound

emphasis on saving money through energy efficiency, reinforces materialistic values that drive consumption
Image Credits
http://hubpages.com/hub/Climate-change-resources--Fixing-Climate--A-review
The Angry Beast - Drawing by P. Catanzaro

Human Mind
http://www.flickr.com/photos/cblue98/7254347346/

Wikipedia - Girl sitting in window
Legendary oceanographer
Wallace Broecker perhaps captures the situation best with his image
but is now being ‘poked with a sharp stick’.
Location 458
This equation, can provide insights into what has been driving the carbon curve so far, and how much we might need to reverse or accelerate particular historical trends.
Location 1010
Global Rebound

Energy savings in the rich world are currently cancelled out by increases in developing world.

The 7 Dimensions for action on climate change
(1) Science

(2) Law

(3) Money

(4) Technology

(5) Democracy

(6) Culture

(7) Behaviour
Provides an objective reference point
Acts as a powerful
Science
International Law
constraint at scale
& redirect them to move us towards a viable future
recognise the harm they can do
By following
capital flows
Money
and an acceleration

of the process of technological development
We need innovative forms of
Technology
energy
creating...
storing...
& transporting...
urgently!
a mechanism for making collective decisions
Democracy
and climate change is the biggest collective action problem of all time.
Culture
Where the battle for the relative importance
compared to other priorities

has to be fought and won
of climate change
Behaviour
And while our choices are shaped by the other 6 dimensions
it is ultimately what we individually & collectively choose to do (behaviour) that matters
Jonathan Rowson Director of the Social Brain Centre at RSA
If we focus on just one, the momentum of the other two will make a solution less socially, economically and politically feasible.
"Rebound Effects"
and carbon footprint of the world's
consumers -
as being coupled together...
If you had to design a problem people would not care about it would be global warming...

Dan Ariely
Us
of a

‘climate beast’
Climate Change: The State of the Science (data visualisation) Nov, 2013
4 mins
Is the Discovery of Global Warming Our Greatest Scientific Achievement, July 2013
7 mins
The most terrifying video you'll ever see, July 2007

...and not just cause the video quality is from 2007
9 mins (Press Play)
"Denial is due to a surplus of culture rather than a deficit of information....

To a greater or lesser extent, we are all climate deniers."

Clive Hamilton

Author of "Requiem for a Species:
Why we resist the truth about climate change"

SO WHY IS IT SO HARD FOR US TO ACT?
The History of Climate Change Negotiations in 83 seconds
1.5 mins
Professor of behavioural economics. Author Predictably Irrational
‘negation’
involves saying that something that manifestly is, is not, usually because accepting the truth is too painful or threatening
confusion
‘denialism’
is more assertive, involving campaigns of misinformation seeking to misdirect people’s attention
‘disavowal’
reality is accepted, but its significance is minimised.

Not only is disavowal a route to complacency via avoidance of an uncomfortable problem, but also it is a form of protection against feeling worthless
Rapid change in society
has always required large numbers of people demanding it – and taking to the streets where necessary – on the basis of passionate concern for a big moral issue. With so much power and money bound up with fossil fuel use, climate change will surely be no different.

The right policies and technologies are important, but the ten trillion-dollar question is whether we can emerge from our collective slumber, roll up our sleeves and make it all happen

The Burning Question, Location 2460, 2462
Climate Talks Warsaw
Yeb Sano, Philippines Delegate opened the UN climate talks with an impassioned plea for urgent action. In a speech that moved negotiators across the conference center to tears.
4 mins
The perfect problem for our brains
And Yet...
Meanwhile on the world stage...

Trillion-dollar assets,
global geopolitics
and the safety of humanity are at stake
Prime ministers
and
presidents
attended only in the last few days of Copenhagen 2009 negotiations

2014
2010
2011
2012
2013
But will our world leaders attend?....
"UN makes high-risk attempt to break deadlock on talks.
Secretary general Ban Ki-moon invites world leaders to first summit of its kind since Copenhagen in 2009"
Guardian, Sept 2013
and
world leaders
have not met again on the subject in the years since...
2009
1. It's happening to people over there
.

We are simply not designed to care about events that are large in magnitude, take place far away, or involve many people we don’t know
turning a blind eye
3 forms of denial
2. Problem, what problem?

CO2 is a colourless odourless gas we generally can't perceive.
disbelief
3. The frog in the boiling pan

The changes to temperature and relatively slow impacts make it hard for us to feel it.
short-sightedness
4. Timey wimey

Negative outcomes will happen in a distant future.
hopelessness
5. The "drop-in-the-bucket" effect

When faced with large scale problems, and given the only small part we each can solve, one may be tempted to shut down emotionally and say, “What’s the point?
SO... HOW HOT?
LIFE TIME?
IN MY
WILL IT GET
me
1980
What would that future
look like?
Full transcript