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Climate Change - A multimedia summary
Transcript of Climate Change - A multimedia summary
Climate change is surely the most multi-layered and intriguing problem in history – a perfect storm of
money and power, science and politics, technology and the human mind
Duncan Clark and Mike Berners-Lee's Book
THE BURNING QUESTION
smarter use of technology
According to surveys, most of us
that this is the natural way for a global issue such as climate change to be solved.
After all, if the risks are so big, wouldn’t
be putting a solution in place on our behalf?"
a metaphor describing the way in which savings from efficiency gains bounce back as additional energy use elsewhere.
make it cheaper, use more
"I've left the lights on but its okay because they're low-energy ones"
saving leads to spending
- and that spending also has an energy impact.
others absorb the slack
when one person or company consumes less energy, that will free up more fossil fuel for others to use.
social and technical ripples
E.g Video conferencing enables distant relationships to thrive leading to increased demand for flying
So far our attempts at reducing fossil fuel use has been like
squeezing a balloon
- each of which needs
to support the others.
cuts made in one place
can reappear as additional use elsewhere.
To have the best chance of cutting emissions, it’s clear that efforts are needed to
apply the brakes to all three carriages at once
...like the carriages of a train
You can't slow one without also slowing the others, and the three push and pull each other along.
are intricately interconnected.
What one of us does
and whole continents
and very often those impacts
will offset some or
will impact on what the others do
even all of the carbon savings.
The Kaya Identity
Screen grab from 2010 TED talk: Energy - Innovating to Zero!
Once the fuels are in the energy markets, they get burned, so if one of the four components rises or falls, then the others naturally move to accommodate the fuel use elsewhere
Energy begets energy because it suggests that, at a global level, we simply take out of the ground as much fossil fuel as we can
that has been asleep long enough for human civilisation to thrive
Rebound Type 1
Rebound Type 2
Rebound Type 3
There are 4 Rebound Types
Rebound Type 4
The problem is that...changing one component can change the others in the opposite direction.
Kaya therefore gives us another way of looking at how balloon-squeezing effects cancel out apparent progress.
population x affluence x energy intensity x carbon intensity
ervices per person
nergy per service
O per unit energy
Tackling the climate change will require a mix of...
harder global politics,
RSA Report from Dec 2013
"A New Agenda on Climate Change"
Listed 3 More Rebound Types
E.g. Since I do lots of good recycling, "I've done my bit" and moral licencing "it doesn't matter if I take an extra flight."
emphasis on saving money through energy efficiency, reinforces materialistic values that drive consumption
The Angry Beast - Drawing by P. Catanzaro
Wikipedia - Girl sitting in window
Wallace Broecker perhaps captures the situation best with his image
but is now being ‘poked with a sharp stick’.
This equation, can provide insights into what has been driving the carbon curve so far, and how much we might need to reverse or accelerate particular historical trends.
Energy savings in the rich world are currently cancelled out by increases in developing world.
The 7 Dimensions for action on climate change
Provides an objective reference point
Acts as a powerful
constraint at scale
& redirect them to move us towards a viable future
recognise the harm they can do
and an acceleration
of the process of technological development
We need innovative forms of
a mechanism for making collective decisions
and climate change is the biggest collective action problem of all time.
Where the battle for the relative importance
compared to other priorities
has to be fought and won
of climate change
And while our choices are shaped by the other 6 dimensions
it is ultimately what we individually & collectively choose to do (behaviour) that matters
Jonathan Rowson Director of the Social Brain Centre at RSA
If we focus on just one, the momentum of the other two will make a solution less socially, economically and politically feasible.
and carbon footprint of the world's
as being coupled together...
If you had to design a problem people would not care about it would be global warming...
Climate Change: The State of the Science (data visualisation) Nov, 2013
Is the Discovery of Global Warming Our Greatest Scientific Achievement, July 2013
The most terrifying video you'll ever see, July 2007
...and not just cause the video quality is from 2007
9 mins (Press Play)
"Denial is due to a surplus of culture rather than a deficit of information....
To a greater or lesser extent, we are all climate deniers."
Author of "Requiem for a Species:
Why we resist the truth about climate change"
SO WHY IS IT SO HARD FOR US TO ACT?
The History of Climate Change Negotiations in 83 seconds
Professor of behavioural economics. Author Predictably Irrational
involves saying that something that manifestly is, is not, usually because accepting the truth is too painful or threatening
is more assertive, involving campaigns of misinformation seeking to misdirect people’s attention
reality is accepted, but its significance is minimised.
Not only is disavowal a route to complacency via avoidance of an uncomfortable problem, but also it is a form of protection against feeling worthless
Rapid change in society
has always required large numbers of people demanding it – and taking to the streets where necessary – on the basis of passionate concern for a big moral issue. With so much power and money bound up with fossil fuel use, climate change will surely be no different.
The right policies and technologies are important, but the ten trillion-dollar question is whether we can emerge from our collective slumber, roll up our sleeves and make it all happen
The Burning Question, Location 2460, 2462
Climate Talks Warsaw
Yeb Sano, Philippines Delegate opened the UN climate talks with an impassioned plea for urgent action. In a speech that moved negotiators across the conference center to tears.
The perfect problem for our brains
Meanwhile on the world stage...
and the safety of humanity are at stake
attended only in the last few days of Copenhagen 2009 negotiations
But will our world leaders attend?....
"UN makes high-risk attempt to break deadlock on talks.
Secretary general Ban Ki-moon invites world leaders to first summit of its kind since Copenhagen in 2009"
Guardian, Sept 2013
have not met again on the subject in the years since...
1. It's happening to people over there
We are simply not designed to care about events that are large in magnitude, take place far away, or involve many people we don’t know
turning a blind eye
3 forms of denial
2. Problem, what problem?
CO2 is a colourless odourless gas we generally can't perceive.
3. The frog in the boiling pan
The changes to temperature and relatively slow impacts make it hard for us to feel it.
4. Timey wimey
Negative outcomes will happen in a distant future.
5. The "drop-in-the-bucket" effect
When faced with large scale problems, and given the only small part we each can solve, one may be tempted to shut down emotionally and say, “What’s the point?
SO... HOW HOT?
WILL IT GET
What would that future