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The Odyssey - Introduction
Transcript of The Odyssey - Introduction
All epics include archetypes - characters, situations, and images that are recognizable in many times and cultures:
The author of the
Thought of as the greatest of ancient Greek epic poets
What is an epic poem?
Probably lived in the 7th/8th century BCE
May have been more than one person
Odysseus: An Epic Hero
Greek king of Ithaca
husband to Penelope, father to Telemachus
Lieutenant during the Trojan War (Greek)
Spends 10 years in the war, and another 10 traveling home
Traditional hero: strong, courageous, clever
What is an Epic?
A type of extended narrative poem (tells a story)
Written in poetic verse
often passed down orally
Recounts the adventures of an
Includes 4 elements:
epic theme, epic plot, epic setting, epic hero
Epic poem recounting the Trojan War
Oldest existing work in Western literature
Trojans (Priam, Hector, Paris) vs. the Greeks (Agamemnon, Achilles, Odysseus)
Ends with Odysseus's idea (Trojan Horse)
THE EPIC AT A GLANCE
Possesses superhuman strength, craftiness, and confidence
Is helped and harmed by interfering gods
Embodies ideals and values that a culture considers admirable
Emerges victorious from perilous situations
Involves a long journey, full of complications, such as
large scale events
Includes fantastic or exotic lands
Involves more than one nation
Reflect such universal concerns as
the fate of a nation
life and death
Model 1: Epic Simile
Model 2: Epithet