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The Odyssey - Introduction

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by

Angela Trpcevski

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of The Odyssey - Introduction

Archetypes
All epics include archetypes - characters, situations, and images that are recognizable in many times and cultures:
Homer
The author of the
Iliad
and the
Odyssey
Thought of as the greatest of ancient Greek epic poets
What is an epic poem?
Probably lived in the 7th/8th century BCE
May have been more than one person
Odysseus: An Epic Hero
Protagonist
Greek king of Ithaca
husband to Penelope, father to Telemachus
Lieutenant during the Trojan War (Greek)
Spends 10 years in the war, and another 10 traveling home
Traditional hero: strong, courageous, clever
What is an Epic?
A type of extended narrative poem (tells a story)
Written in poetic verse
often passed down orally
Recounts the adventures of an
epic hero
Includes 4 elements:
epic theme, epic plot, epic setting, epic hero
Ancient Greece
The

Odyssey
- Introduction

The
Iliad
Epic poem recounting the Trojan War
Oldest existing work in Western literature
Trojans (Priam, Hector, Paris) vs. the Greeks (Agamemnon, Achilles, Odysseus)
Ends with Odysseus's idea (Trojan Horse)
THE EPIC AT A GLANCE
EPIC HERO
Possesses superhuman strength, craftiness, and confidence
Is helped and harmed by interfering gods
Embodies ideals and values that a culture considers admirable
Emerges victorious from perilous situations
EPIC PLOT
Involves a long journey, full of complications, such as
strange creatures
divine intervention
large scale events
treacherous weather
EPIC SETTING
Includes fantastic or exotic lands
Involves more than one nation
EPIC THEMES
Reflect such universal concerns as
courage
the fate of a nation
beauty
a homecoming
loyalty
life and death
sea monster
wicked temptress
buried treasure
suitor's contest
epic hero
loyal servant
EPIC LANGUAGE
Define:
Epic simile
Epithet
Allusion
Page 1197
Model 1: Epic Simile
Model 2: Epithet
Full transcript