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Salvador Dali

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tracy smith

on 18 November 2012

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Transcript of Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali Behind the mustache Surrealism The Works Swans Reflecting Elephants, 1937 Other Works Renaissance Honors & Awards How he got his ideas Dali Salvador Getting Started Life Lines - born on the 11th of May in 1904 in Figueres
- known for his surrealist works
- spanish painter, sculptor, graphic artist and designer
- paintings had a dream like space
- commonly described as hand painter photographs
- had many reoccuring images including
- burning giraffes
- melting clocks
- giant ants
- changed his style into more religious works and sexual subjects
- wrote many books, attended a school of the
arts where he started his first paintings.
- died Jan 23rd 1989 In 1916 he attended drawing school. In the same
year he discovered modern painting while on a
summer vacation trip. In 1917 he started his first paintings at a school of the arts, his father also organized an at home exhibition of all Dali's charcoal drawings. In 1919Dali had his first public exhibition held at Municipal Theater in Figueres. In 1921 - 1925 went to an Academy of arts in Madrid but left due to having on going conflicts with teachers. - Had a brother who died before he was
born. (Oct 12, 1901 - Aug 1, 1903)
- Also named Salvador
- Parents told him he was his brother reincarnated
- Took him to his grave when he was young
- He believed that he really was the reincarnation
- Influenced a lot of his works
- can see brothers face
- Portrait of My Dead Brother
(1963) To get Dali's ideas from his subconscious mind Dali
would often induce hallucinatory states on himself. He called this process “paranoiac critical.” After figuring out this style which was around 1929 - 1937 his works had improved a lot making him the best surrealist known. He would use his dreamlike, juxtaposed images and put them on landscapes of his home town. He gave these images a very realistic quality making his art recognizable from other surrealist artists. His most well known work was done during this time (1931) called "The Persistence of
Memory". By the late 30's Dali was expelled from the Renaissance for changing his style to a more academic like one. This was under the influence of fellow renaissance artist Raphael. Due to being expelled he spent most of his time designing sets for theater performances, jewelery and even interiors for fashion
shops. Dali received many honors and awards.
- 1964 Order of Queen Isabella
- 1971 his own gallery opened called "Cleveland Salvador Dali Museum"
- 1978 admitted to the "Académie des Beaux-Arts de L'Institut de France"
- 1982 awarded title of "Marquis de Púbol"

He later was honored with a series of retrospectives
- 1979 at the Centre Pompidou in Paris and the London Tate Gallery
- 1983 in Madrid Barcelona Dali had many works that were viewed as great or outstanding. He produced many of his greater works around the time of the 30's when his work had matured and was viewed differently than other surrealists. Dali's last great work was the construction of a theatre museum in his home town which he dedicated most of his time to during the seventies. Also, during the 1950's - 1965 Dali was involved in writing many books. Dali's painting Swans Reflecting Elephants that was done in 1937 is very
detailed. In the image you can see swans, trees, a body of water, what appears
to be a beach like shore and the reflection of the swans in the water. Dali used
a lot of leading lines to make your eye move across his painting along with more
bold and vibrant colours in the main subject. Although there are a lot of straight
lines through the work they are not perfectly straight and have a more organic feeling
to them giving them a different form. This work is fairly symmetrical in balance
keeping the focus in the center and less detailed parts to either side. When looking at
the work your eyes automatically go straight to the trees in the background due to
the shape and movement of them. This causes your eye to go to the swans and
then the reflection and keep moving through the painting. Although the horizon
is fairly centered in the work there is a sense of rule of thirds with a lower key
background middle key middle ground and the foreground being the most
vibrant. The two elements and principles that stand out the most are
colour and form. The form of the subject is very free and fluid
where as the colours are vibrant and more bold to help keep
your focus and move your eye through
the image. Tracy Smith, Design 1, BHS
Nov 16th 2012 The Persistence of Memory, 1931 The Persistence of Memory painting by Salvador Dali from 1931 is his most well
known piece of art. In this painting there are melting clocks, a beach, a conch shell, a
tree a cliff in the distance and what appears to be some sort of table. Dali again used
some vibrant colours but with a bit lower key. He kept to using warm colours to create a warmer feelings. He also used a lot of organic shapes with a very smooth texture. He did
use a lot of tones however to create more depth in his paintings to make them seem more three dimensional and realistic. This paintings subject is slightly off focus to the left hand side making the work asymmetrical and having an informal balance. There is however,
more of an emphasis on the three clocks. He did this by making them fairly large in comparison to what they are against and by giving them more highlights and shadows
to suggest that they would be the foreground. With that being said the horizon does demonstrate rule of thirds with it being closer to the top of the painting you can
see the cliff in the distance, the beach in the middle ground and the clocks in
the foreground. The two most important principles Dali used is Balance
and Emphasis. The balance of the work is off to the left side and he
kept the emphasis on that part by giving it a higher contrast to
anything on the right side of the work. This helps us to
view the subject of the work before the
background and less dominant
parts.
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