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Annotated Map of Canada

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Taha Tariq

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of Annotated Map of Canada

Annotated Map of Canada
The Canadian shield is a deep bedrock region typically covered by a very thin layer of soil. The thin soil is due to glaciation. The thin layer of soil makes the Canadian Shield very difficult for many plants that have a deep root system which can’t grow in shallow soil. The rocks are over 570 million years old and drainage is very poor. The rock is filled with substantial deposits of nickel, gold, silver, and copper, which allow for a prosperous mining industry. The Canadian Shield is covered by boreal forests in the south and tundra in the north. These forests are in danger of being cut down because of the increased demand of wood which the Canadian Shield has an abundance of. The deforestation is destroying the habitat of many animals and therefore causing damage to the environment and also causing a worldwide shortage of wood. The thin layer of soil makes only certain plants able to grow so no new plants will grow there. The lack of trees will also cause global warming and further lead to melting the glaciers and raising the sea level. This will destroy shore side properties and cost millions of dollars to repair.

The Canadian Shield
The Canadian shield is a deep bedrock region typically covered by a very thin layer of soil. The thin soil is due to glaciation. The thin layer of soil makes the Canadian Shield very difficult for many plants that have a deep root system which can’t grow in shallow soil. The rocks are over 570 million years old and drainage is very poor. The rock is filled with substantial deposits of nickel, gold, silver, and copper, which allow for a prosperous mining industry. The Canadian Shield is covered by boreal forests in the south and tundra in the north. These forests are in danger of being cut down because of the increased demand of wood which the Canadian Shield has an abundance of. The deforestation is destroying the habitat of many animals and therefore causing damage to the environment and also causing a worldwide shortage of wood. The thin layer of soil makes only certain plants able to grow so no new plants will grow there. The lack of trees will also cause global warming and further lead to melting the glaciers and raising the sea level. This will destroy shore side properties and cost millions of dollars to repair.
The Interior Plains
The Great Lakes Lowlands was developed from glacial deposits off the Canadian Shield. The Great Lakes Lowlands is a rift valley formed by faulting.The Lowlands are abundant with commerce, recreation locations, and transportation hubs. This causes much pollution in this area. The St. Lawrence Lowlands is the most heavily industrialized landform in Canada, containing most of the country's manufacturing industries. It is 70% farm country. The Great Lakes Lowlands have deep, arable soils which allow for very good agriculture and It makes up 70% farm country. This regions many farm regions allow it to be very prosperous, which further depends on the superb soil from the eroded Canadian Shield. We should ensure the soil stays at it’s current state by not polluting too much.
The Great Lakes Lowland/ The St.Lawrence Lowlands

The Arctic Lowland is a series of islands in Canada's far north. The
ground remains frozen most of the year. The sedimentary rock contains
lignite (a form of coal), oil and natural gas deposits. This is a region of tundra, a treeless Plain, with a cold, dry climate and poorly drained soil. This area is the least populated due to the harsh living conditions.The Arctic Lowlands are made up of a series of islands and have a gently rolling landscape and are mostly sedimentary in structure. This area’s resources draw in few, who like to reap the reward of the resources. A lot of scientific research is tested there, which can be harmful to animals. It is important not to expose animals to anything harmful, as it would cause some almost creatures to go extinct. This would force people out of the area due to animal rights laws and further not allow us to collect the resources from the rock in the Arctic Lowlands.

The Arctic Lowlands
The Appalachian Mountains are found along Canada’s Atlantic coast occurring throughout the Maritimes and Newfoundland. The region consists of sedimentary rocks that were uplifted when North America collided with Europe and North Africa during the formation of the Pangaea. The rocks are rich in non-metallic metals such as coal. The once tall, jagged mountains have, over millions of years, been eroded to rolling mountains and hills. The floras of the Appalachians are diverse and vary primarily in response to geology, latitude, elevation and moisture availability. Though mining is very popular in the Appalachian Mountain region it is destroying the Mountains and ruining the Layers of uplifted rock left from the collision between the North American and European Plate.
The Appalachian Mountains
These mountains occur in Canada’s far north. These mountains are largely unexplored and the population is sparse due to the severe climate in the region. Some peaks are over 2,500 m in height suggesting the area is younger geologically than the Appalachian Mountains. The region is mostly sedimentary rock.Western Cordillera The region flanks the Pacific coast of Canada.These mountains were formed when the Pacific tectonic plate forced its way under the North American tectonic plate. This collision caused folds and faults to occur. There is a severe lack of trees or wildlife due to harsh weather. The glaciers in this region drain slowly into the Arctic Ocean. Pollution is affecting this region substantially because of the melting glaciers that slowly destroy the few animals, that live there, habitats.
The Innuitian Mountains
The Western Cordillera consists of three mountains ranges that run north and south: The Eastern Mountains consisting of the Rocky and the Columbia Mountains, the Interior Plateau which includes the Okanagan Valley and the Coast Mountains that include the Coast Range. The great heights (reaching over 3,000 m) and angularity of the peaks suggest the Western Cordillera is much younger geologically than the Appalachians. Some of the mountain slopes are so precipitous that they are bare of trees. Viewed from above, the entire landscape seems to be an irregular sea of mountain ranges, trending in a north-south direction. Agriculture and mining make up a large portion of the economy in the Appalachian Mountains. The trees on the mountains are being clearcut causing many animals to lose their habitat. Along with that the mining industry is producing a lot of problems by mining into the mountains destroys the entire landscape, that took millions of years to create.
The Western Cordillera
BY TAHA TARIQ
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