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Journalism 11

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by

Grace Rhie

on 19 January 2014

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Transcript of Journalism 11

Journalism 11/12
How to form an effective interview
Be equipped!
Be prepared!
Research
the person as much as you can about the person you’re going to interview beforehand
Prepare your questions
before you go to the interview
Choose the
order of asking
those questions
How to Prepare
Backup of the quote is always important in order to :
recall the information
paraphrase
prove the fact
It would be
confusing
to recall the information of the interview if the recorded sound is unclear
Prepare a
notepad
and a
writing device
(laptop is also very good)
Prepare a "reliable"
recording kit

How to be Equipped
Comfort them!
How to Comfort the Interviewee
Why Prepare?
Why Equip?
Some interviewees would be
nervous
because of the recording
When the interviewees feel
uncomfortable, they wouldn't be able to say
what they would want to say
They can be more
comfortable
with saying what they really want to
It
reduces
the possible situation of
awkward or

misjudged
question
It helps getting the
most information
It ensures the interview to
run smoothly
It helps
staying on track
, and getting
back on track
if the interview goes off the topic

By. Grace Rhie, Nick Lim, Brian Chung
Enjoy your interview!
Thank You !
Why comfort?
Explain the
purpose of the interview
to put the interviewer at ease
Tell them to take recording easily as it is just for
transcription purposes
Have a
'conversation'
with the interviewee, not
'confrontation'
Respect
your interviewee
Treat it seriously

For example:
ex)
High quality Dictaphone
(face-to-face),
ex)
Internet phone recording software
(overseas phone interviews)
Don't
Do This!
1. Before the Interview
2. Interviewing
How to make questions
3. After the Interview
Tips
Avoid looking at notes
- If you look at your notes, the interviewee may be
distracted

Eye contact and appropriate gesture
- to mean that you
agree
with them and so there is
no need to explain further
check that your equipment is working and that you have enough
batteries, tapes, discs
etc before you leave the office.
Maximum of three or four questions
- Too many questions may exhaust the interviewee
- Get the specific ideas from the main question
Include:
Who? What? Where? When? How? Why?
Closed-ended questions:
When you want direct answers
Open-ended questions:
A lot of information
- Begin with ”how” or “what” or "why”
Be Organized!
How to be Organized
Citation:
http://www.journalism.co.uk/skills/how-­‐to-­‐get-­‐the-­‐most-­‐from-­‐your-­‐interview-­‐ technique/s7/a542573/
http://www.poynter.org/how-­‐tos/newsgathering-­‐storytelling/chip-­‐on-­‐your-­‐ shoulder/205518/how-­‐journalists-­‐can-­‐become-­‐better-­‐interviewers/
http://www.mediahelpingmedia.org/training-­‐resources/journalism-­‐basics/475-­‐20-­‐ interviewing-­‐tips-­‐for-­‐journalists
http://stringers.media.mit.edu/interview.htm
How to make your interview memorable :)
How to conduct a good interview :)
Review your notes
as soon as you finish
the interview
Don't take answers
out of the context
Underline or highlight
the key information of the interview
Why Organize?
You might
not recognize
abbreviations or scribbles on the next day
It is
easier to write
the article when the information is highlighted
Information out of the context might create
misunderstandings
Interview to Article Integration Skills
Choose a format 1
Essay format
Written from personal point of view, not objective point of view
Author's subjective experience of the person
Playboy style
Author’s questions and the interviewee’s responses are written down in a kind of script
More objective
How to write an exciting interview
Regardless of the format, the article always includes
subjective
information, through the process of editing
It is
objective
only when the writer does not add or remove anything, that would change the meaning of what is said.
1. Insert pictures

2. Avoid typical questions and ask exciting questions

3. Get interesting answers

4. Start and end strong
Choose a Perspective
Literal:
Write down both the questions and the answers

Hybrid:
Combine narrative statements with direct quotes.

Narrative:
Describe what the interviewee says in third person
Make it Attractive
Make it persuasive

Need quotes in following elements
-Interview title
-Streamers
-Photo captions

Including a quote at the end can
make the article better
Rephrase the Answers
Rephrase as much as you like but
don't change the meaning
of it
- Rephrase every sentence in order to make it
fit your preferred style
of writing
- Don't make the interviewee find reason to complain about his or her
message being changed
Choose a format 2
http://www.holmdelschools.org/schools/satz/eng_dept/Writing%20styles/Journalism/how_to_write_up_an_interview.htm

http://www.communicationabc.com/how-to-write-an-interview-article/

http://www.humanities360.com/index.php/tips-for-writing-up-an-interview-into-an-article-2-61551/

http://www.awaionline.com/2008/10/how-to-write-an-exciting-interview/


Q & A style
Starts with a small introduction

Concludes by a question that the answer gives a closure to the overall interview
Title usually includes the name the one who is interviewed
Citation
Full transcript