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Party Eras

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by

Liz Johnson

on 27 September 2016

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Transcript of Party Eras

Realignment & Dealignment
Party Eras in American History
The First Party System
1796 - 1824
Jacksonian Democracy
1828 - 1856
The 2 Republican Eras
1860 - 1928
New Deal Coalition
1932 - 1964
Southern Realignment & Era of Divided Gov.
1968 - Present
Federalists
Republicans
Hamilton
Jefferson
Both Relatively Weak
Jackson's Democrats
Whigs
made parties a fixture: est. national conventions
formed specifically to oppose Democrats
1860 - Repubs = 3rd Party
Repubs dominate the Execute Branch for 75 years
1896 - Realigning election - new Republican coalition formed
Abraham Lincoln
William McKinley
Until 1932, Democrats only serve 3 terms as President
New Democratic Coalition
Urban (formerly R)
working class / unions
ethnic (immigrant)groups
African Americans
Catholics
Jews
poor
intellectuals
Southerners (white, loyal since CW)
Eisenhower (2 terms) only Republican president
1960 - JFK - New Frontier
1964 - LBJ - Great Society
"War on Poverty"
Vietnam (led to R victory in '68)
Nixon began to break up Dem. control of South
States rights
law & order
strong military
1st time in 20th c. President began term w/o control of Congress
(occurred again w/ Reagan & G.H.W. Bush
1992 - Clinton defeats G.H.W. Bush & Dem control of Congress
1994 - Republican control of both houses of Congress (Gingrich, Contract with America)
1996 - divided Congress again
2000 - Bush, R. control of Congress for 4 months, then divided
2004 - Bush, R. control of Congress
2006 - divided Congress
2008 - Obama, D. control of Congress
2010 - divided Congress
lack of control by one party reflects DEALIGNMENT
only 60% of electorate IDs as R or D
Full transcript