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Avicenna

A presentation on Avicenna's life and accomplishments.
by

Natasha McCullough

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of Avicenna

Avicenna Background Avicenna's father, Abd-Allah of Balkh, was a respected scholar. At the time of Avicenna's birth, he was the governer of a village. Abd-Allah was most likely descended from a turkish family.

Avicenna's mother, Sitara, was Iranian.

Avicenna himself is considered Persian. The name "Avicenna" is the latinized form of his arabic name, Ibn Sina.

His full name is Abū ‘Alī al-Husayn ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Sīnā al-Balkhī Early Life Avicenna was born in Afshena, which is near Bukhara, Persia. He was born in the year 980.

Ibn Sina had a little brother named Mahmud, who was five years younger. After Mahmud was born, Avicenna and his family moved to Bukhara, a large city.

Avicenna's father wanted him to have a good education. So,Ibn Sina was carefully educucated and tutored at Bukhara. It soon became apparent that he was a child prodigy; by the age of seven, he had memorized the entire Koran. A vegetable seller taught him the basics of the indian system of arithmetic - which uses zero. A highly respected philosopher came to live with Avicenna and his family for several years. His name was Abu 'Abd al-Natili. Al-Natili encouraged Avicenna's interest in debate and theoretical argument. Avicenna was very bright, and so was able to debate with Al-Natili. Al-Natali became convinced that Avicenna's future lay in an intellectual career. He discussed this with Avicenna's father, who agreed. Young Adult As a teenager, Avicenna studied Aristolian logic and Euclidean geometry, among other things. However, he also knew a lot about the field of medicine. Avicenna did not find it to be very difficult. Even when he was still a teenager, he advised and taught adult physicians. He even became a doctor for a short period of time, when he was around 15 years old. By the age of 16, he was able to participate in serious debates about muslim law. Then, for the next year and a half, Avicenna returned to the the study of logic and philosophy. Around the age of 17, he turned his attention to medicine. Adult Even as a teenager, Ibn Sina was a devoted
muslim. He prayed daily.

Later on, he would try to reconcile philsosophy and science with Islam. At the age of 18, Avicenna became the
court physician of Prince Nuh Ibn Mansur. His position gave him full access to the library of this Samanid court. Ibn Sina learned a great deal. However, when the Samanid rulers were overthrown by turkish forces, Avicenna was forced to flee. After traveling for some time, Avicenna was able to become the court physician to Prince Shams ad-Dawlah in Hamadan. There in Hamadan, he started to work on his massive medical textbook, the "Canon." Avicenna's book
"The Canon of Medicine"
is his best known accomplishment, and possibly his greatest. The "Canon" was made up of five books, and it dealt with anatomy, physiology, etiology, diagnosis, obstetrics, ect. It was over a million words long, and it was later translated into Hebrew and Latin. Avicenna's 'Canon of Medicine" became a standard text throughout Europe and the Middle East," and it remained so until the 17th century, or about 700 years after it was written. When Avicenna was 42, the death of Prince ad-Dawlah led Avicenna to leave Hamadan, after many years of peace. He found refugee at the court of prince 'Ala ad-Dawlah. While there, he wrote the 'Book of directives,' which was his account of the paths to spirtual enlightenment. He also created some notable works of poetry, and he wrote about many other topics, like Astronomy, Physics, and Chemistry. Avicenna also wrote the "Book of Healing", a comprehensve encyclopedia covering mathematics, logic, natural sciences, and metaphysics. His "Book of Healing" was mostly based on the ideas of Aristole and other greek scholars. Later Years Avicenna spent the last twelve years of his life with Abu Ja'far 'Ala Addaula. He accompanied him as physician and as a general literary and scientific adviser, even in his various campaigns.

Later, Avicenna was afflicted by a severe colic. The cures for the disease, however, were so harsh that he became very weak instead of getting better.

Ibn Sina didn't have the strength to continue the treatment. He knew he didn't have much time left to live. When Avicenna was dying, he
gave all his goods to the poor. He also returned all of the money and things he believed he had recieved unfairly. Avicenna freed his slaves and listened daily to readings of the Qu'ran. Avicenna died in June, 1037, and was buried in Hamedan, Iran.

He lived to be 58 years old. Works Cited "Avicenna (Abu-'ali Al-Husayn Ibn-Sina)
(980-1037)." The new book of popular science. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 16 May. 2011.

Green, Tamara. "Avicenna." Grolier multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 16 may. 2011

Mellerssh, H.E. "Society." Chronology of world history. 1999 ed. PRINT.

Unknown. "Ibn Sina, (Avicenna), Philosopher and Physician. Learn Persian. N.p. 2011. WEB. 26 May 2011. <http://www.learn-persian.com/english/Ibn_Sina_Avicenna_Philosopher_Physician.php>

Windhausen, John D. "Avicenna (c.980-1037)." Discovering world history. 2003: n.pag. Infotrac. WEB. 17 May 2011. <http://find.galegroup.com>. Image sources http://www.learn-persian.com/english/images/Abu_ali_Sina_Avicenna.jpg

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