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Summer Farm

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agus bulje

on 14 November 2013

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Transcript of Summer Farm

Summer Farm
by Norman MacCaig

Stanza 2
A hen stares at nothing with one eye,
Then picks it up. Out of an empty sky
A swallow falls and, flickering through
The barn, dives up again into the dizzy blue.
Stanza 4
Self under self, a pile of selves I stand
Threaded on time, and with metaphysic hand
Lift the farm like a lid and see
Farm within farm, and in the center, me.
Stanza 1
Straws like tame lightnings lie about the grass
And hang zigzag on hedges. Green as glass
The water in the horse-trough shines.
Nine ducks go wobbling by in two straight lines.
Structure
Divided into 4 stanzas:
S1-S2: talks about nature
S3-S4: talks about the self
Each stanza has 4 lines.


Stanza 3
I lie, not thinking, in the cool, soft grass,
Afraid of where a thought might take me -
This grasshopper with plated face
Unfolds his legs and finds himself in space.
Norman MacCaig Biography
-He was Scottish.
-He usually writes about the self, self-discovering, inner self .Vs. outer self
-He focuses on nature to reflect on the self.
-He had quiet, rural up bringing.


Tone and Theme
Tone:
Stanza 1: Calm, quiet.
Stanza 2: Reflective, sinister.
stanza 3: relax,Afraid
Stanza 4: Reflective, epiphany

Stanza 1
Calm: Because he is admiring the nature. Ducks represent a nice atmosphere.
Quiet: Because the atmosphere is peaceful.
Stanza 2
Reflective: Because while he watches the hen "with one eye" he discovers his dark side.
Sinister: Because of the the description of the hen.
Stanza 3
Relax: because he is lying on the grass.
Afraid: Afraid of his own thoughts of going back to reality and the stress of daily life
Stanza 4
Reflective and epiphany: Because he starts thinking about his ancestors and the that all of them lived in the farm and now had to move to the city due to the industrial revolution.
Oxymoron: because lightnings can't be domesticate
Simile
Simile and visual imagery
odd number (metaphor of disharmony)
Nothing is perfect.
metaphor of two minds
Ducks: not a threat.
pure, clear and
uncontaminated.
Alliteration
Full of visual imagery
Description of what the voice can see around him, Nature.
Metaphor: one side view of life, he is to discovered his dark side
(nice bird) symbolism of the beaut of nature
= zigzag (metaphor): the life is not always perfect and you are no always happy. You have up and downs
Depressing tone
Barn: (metaphor) the writer feels entrapped, not free.
Line 1-2: Fearful
Line 3-4: calm again and sad
Are expressionless (Metaphor of how the voice feels). He is sad because he knows he must go back to reality
Pathetic fallacy (Man and Nature in harmony)
He is lying down, contemplating nature, relax.
Man
Vs.
Nature
Remember about his ancestors (allusion)
Parallelism
Time to heredity the farm that is full of memories and feelings. The Farm determinate the writer
Full transcript