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AS Sociology revision lesson 1

Culture and identity
by

Amanda Lane

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of AS Sociology revision lesson 1

AS Sociology revision
Culture and Identity
What is Interactionism?
A sociological perspective that focuses on the ways in which INTERACTIONS between people create meaning through symbols, gestures, verbal and non-verbal communication.
SOCIETY
Our interactions with each other helps us to understand the world around us
Theories that are associated with Interactionism
Goffman's 'Dramaturgical' model
Cooley's 'Looking glass self' model
Becker's 'Labelling' theory
Cohen's Deviancy amplification theory
HOWEVER.....
Interactionism is known as a SOCIAL ACTION THEORY which means that it is a perspective that looks at INDIVIDUALS creating society through meaningful interactions. These interactions CREATE culture and also CREATE our identities as we come to understand what all of these interactions mean.
For example...
What do you understand from this image?
Love
Marriage
Commitment
Unity
Because we can understand this image we can also understand that this interaction creates a specific identity
Mr
Mrs
Spouse
Partner
Husband
Wife
These are also 'labels' that have been created by people in positions of authority and power in society.
And is an example of 'master status'
Marxists,
Functionalists and Feminists see things differently!

They see that it is SOCIETY that creates the individual as it controls how people act and behave through social STRUCTURES
These perspectives are known as STRUCTURALIST theories
Marxists see that the social structure of CLASS controls the people within society
Proletariat
(The working class)
Bourgeoisie
(The ruling class)
Theories associated with Marxism
Capitalism
Ideology
Class structure
Means of production
Cultural Capital

Capitalism
Ideology
Class Structure
Means of production
Cultural Capital
The social system in which the ruling class benefit financially from the exploitation of the working class
The idea that we are 'socialised' into accepting class inequality as normal through agencies (institutions) such as the family, media and education
People are divided in society in accordance to their occupation and wealth. This gives us a SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS
The Bourgeoisie own the factories, land, machines, companies, offices in which the proletariat work to mass produce goods.
People who have a higher socio-economic status have more cultural capital. They have more skills, language and education to be more socially accepted in mainstream society.
It's kinda like a social chufty badge!
Feminists are like Marxists but differ insomuch that they think that the division in society is based on GENDER and not class.
Theories that relate to Feminism
Patriarchal society
Gendered division of labour
Triple Burden
Patriarchal Society
The idea that society is dominated by men
Gendered division of labour
Men and women are organised into social roles that are determined by their gender
Triple Burden
The idea that women have 3 social responsibilities that men do not have: Childcare, maintaining the house and emotional support
Everything in society is looked upon through the eyes of men
This is referred to as the 'Male Gaze'
Functionalism
A perspective that looks at society in terms of its different parts - the institutions. Each institution has a specific FUNCTION to ensure that society as a whole runs smoothly.
Theories that relate to Functionalism
Social roles
Social order
Value consensus
Solidarity (mechanical, organic)

Social roles
Not sausage rolls!
Social order is obtained and maintained when everyone within society is performing their social roles
Value Consensus
The idea that society agrees on a shared set of norms, values and mores that benefit that society as a whole
Solidarity
The sense of 'togetherness' that a society feels (cohesion)
Mechanical
Organic
Full transcript