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Israel Student

on 4 March 2015

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Transcript of Diabetes

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body does not produce enough insulin, does not produce any, or cells do not respond correctly to insulin. In result of the issues with insulin, people with diabetes have high amounts of sugar in their blood. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and is what allows glucose to enter cells. Glucose is important because cells need it to function.
What is the difference between Type 1
and Type 2?
The difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes is that in type 1 diabetes very little or no insulin is produced. In type 2 diabetes insulin is produced
but the body does not respond to it.Type 1 diabetes usually begins in younger children and it can not be prevented. Only about 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adults but the amount of children with it has increased. Over time as type 2 deteriorates the amount of insulin the pancreas produces decreases, this is called insulin deficiency. Someone with type 2 diabetes can prevent type 2 diabetes by eating healthy and exercising regularly.
How long has it been around?
What is

Paul Langerhans
Paul Langerhans was a German pathologist, physiologist, and biologist who discovered the islets of Langerhans while studying at the Berlin Pathological Institute. The islets of Langerhans is where cells produce insulin. This discovery is important because it helped with Frederick Banting and Charles Best's finding that people with diabetes need insulin.
Frederick Banting
The biggest breakthrough in diabetes was discovered by Canadian Frederick Banting, along with the help of Charles Best and James Collip. In 1921 Banting and Best do the same experiment as von Mering and Minkowski. After extracting the pancreas from the dog they gave it insulin from a healthy dog, which cured it. James Collip a chemist purified the insulin extract so that it could be safely used in humans. In 1922 the first patient to be treated was a 14 year old boy whose ketonuria and glycosuria were almost completely gone after being treated. By late 1923 25,000 patients in both Canada and the United states were being treated.
Joseph von
Joseph von Mering was a German physician who along with Oskar Minkowski discovered that when they removed the pancreas from a dog, diabetes developed.They did this because they were curious about the function of the pancreas. Joseph found out that diabetes developed when he noticed that the house trained dog that had the pancreas removed was frequently urinating inside. Joseph tested the dogs urine which showed that it did have diabetes.
China has more diabetics than any other country.
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"Frederick Banting." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 1 Mar. 2015. Web. 02 Mar. 2015.

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" Highlands News." Highlands Schedules Diabetes Support Group Dates for 2015. N.p., 28 Jan. 2015. Web. 02 Mar. 2015.

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"Diabetes: Facts and Figures." International Diabetes Federation. International Diabetes Federation, 2014. Web. 02 Mar. 2015

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Scientists who studied it
What is diabetes?

Diabetes has been around for thousands of years for thousands of years. The earliest known account of it was in 1550 BC on an Egyptian manuscript, it described frequent urination. Concurrent descriptions of Indian doctors describe the urine of people with diabetes as sweet and attract ants.
Later on in time what was done in order to find out if someone had diabetes was to hire urine tasters. These urine tasters would taste the urine of people who were suspected of having diabetes. If the urine was sweet they had diabetes, and if it wasn't then they didn't.


6th period
There are more than 370 million people with diabetes around
the world.
By 2030 diabetes is expected to be the 7th leading cause of death in the world.
Every 7 seconds someone dies from diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
is more common than type 1.
80% of deaths caused by diabetes are in countries with a middle or low income.
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