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An Evaluation of China's "Gaokao" System
Transcript of An Evaluation of China's "Gaokao" System
"Survival of the fittest, not of the best"
Recent reforms and the future
Benefits of the system
Future and further solutions:
More emphasis should be placed on a holistic education - critical thinking, problem solving, communication and extra curricular activities
Regional disparity must be addressed
China only spends 4% of GDP on education, Malawi 6% of GDP, USA 5.7% of GDP
Provides relatively equal opportunities for Chinese students to enter higher education
Good "GaoKao" result = Good University = Good Job = 'Good standard of living
Businesses adopting marketing strategies targeting "Gaokao" - eg. English teaching market value now at estimated 30 billion yuan; brain food and lucky charms increasing in popularity
Wednesday, April 9, 2014
Will Harvey & Tommy Maynard
Overview of "Gaokao" System
Created in 1952
Gao (high) Kao (exam) represents the University entrance exam in China
High emphasis on test scores, sacrificing social and practical skills and applicable knowledge skills
"GaoKao" focuses on memorization in short time on wide range of subjects
Standardized exam for entire nation, that shapes their entire life
Colleges and Universities arranged by tier to which the "Gaokao" is linked
Around 10 million Chinese students took the "Gaokao" exam in 2013 (bigger than population of Sweden)
Challenges of the system
China's education system placed emphasis on copying rather than critical thinking
The "Gaokao" is more focused on teaching people to follow rather than lead
Stifling Innovation and creativity
Overarching structure - systematic, centralised system focusing on precision
Jing Lin, Professor of International Education Policy at University of Maryland says "can stifle creativity and leaves little time to for free thinking"
Cheating becoming common because of importance
Doesn't work for different learning types
Intense pressure on students (test only once a year)
An Evaluation of China's "Gaokao" System
Vice Minister of Education Liu Limin
Ministry of Education is set to reduce the number of subjects, and has reduced the weighting of English
Students given second chances for certain exams
Introduction of two-track system
"Integrated plan of examination and enrollment reform in 2014 and publicize to whole country in 2017 and by 2020 create a more well rounded education system" Liu
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