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Sumerian Religion

HUM Project: 2013-14

Raksha Pothapragada

on 4 October 2013

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Transcript of Sumerian Religion

Sumerian Religion

Prerana Katiyar, Raksha Pothapragada, Eshara Abeysekera, Anthara Gnanakumar
Religious Symbol and Holy Sites
Books and Writings
Core Beliefs
3500 B.C.E.
Southern Iraq
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
No founder
Gods' dwelling places
Sanga: head of the temple
En: spiritual leader
Ishib: priests in charge of libations
Gala: poet/singer
The Barton Cylinder
Sumerian Creation
In the first days when everything needed was brought into being,
In the first days when everything needed was properly nourished,
When bread was baked in the shrines of the land,
And bread was tasted in the homes of the land,
When heaven had moved away from the earth,
And earth had separated from heaven,
And the name of man was fixed;
When the Sky God, An, had carried off the heavens,
And the Air God, Enlil, had carried off the earth . . .
God of Earth and Air
Myth - he was banished
Gave up first three children
God of the moon
Son of Enil
City Ur
Different Names for Different Phases
God of the Sky
Depicted by a Bull
Lead the Assembly of the Gods
Sun God
God of Justice
Symbol with a solar disk
Nammu - goddess of primeval sea
An - god of heaven
Ki - goddess of earth
Enlil - god of earth and air
Sin - god of the moon
Utu - god of sun & justice
Inanna - goddess of love & war
Ereshkigal - goddess of underworld
Gods & Goddesses
Epic of Gilgamesh
One of the earliest surviving works
5 poems
Part 1
Part 2

Good World
Bad World

The Mes
Sumerian Religion is the Combination of the Culture, Gods, and Beliefs of the People of Early Mesopotamia
Nanna at Ur
-32,000 sq.m temple(8 acres)
-large shrine for Enlil(god of air, main god at Nippur)
Enlil at Nippur
-70,000 sq.m temple of Ekishnugal
-large shrine for Nanna (god of the moon, main god at Ur)

Earliest System of writing known to us
"Wedge Shaped"
Pictographs became simplified from 4th millennium to 3rd B.C.
Influenced Akkadian, Eblaite, Elamite, Hittite, and many other civilizations
Extinct in 2nd century B.C. by Phoenician Alphabet
Takes name from George Barton; (Founder/Translator)
Talks about Sacred Place of Nibru (Nippur)
Written on Clay Cylinder
"Nippur is pre-existing before creation when heaven and earth separated."
**Sumerian had no tension
**Died out due to lack of strength
Full transcript