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The Tenth Amendment
Transcript of The Tenth Amendment
Social Studies Period 5
1/10/13 The Tenth Amendment Famous Quotes This amendment was proposed in 1789 and ratified in 1791. This amendment's purpose was to limit the Federal government's power. Then, the powers not designated to the Federal government were given to the states. The states can deal about their own health insurance, etc. Plus, they could regulate intrastate commerce, and conduct their own elections. Also, they had the power to set their own guidelines for the Constitution. When this amendment was proposed, there were two sides to this amendment. The sides were the Federalists and the Anti-federalists. Federalists supported this amendment, while the Anti-federalists backed the opposition. Later after this amendment was ratified, this amendment was no longer followed by the states before the civil war. After the Civil War, Southern States refused to have their powers limited. During the Great Depression, this amendment wasn't enforced as heavily when it was first ratified. Though, this amendment has resurged in the 1970's when the Federal government told the states that the Fair Labor Standards was unconstitutional. The Fair Labor Standards was where a minimum wage worker could only work for a total of 40 hours. The main reason for this amendment is because it was intended to limit the Federal Government's power . This is because the people of the U.S. did not want a far-away government like England. Plus, many of the states wanted as much power as they could get since they didn't want the Federal Government to do everything for them. So, then this amendment was proposed by James Madison on September 25th , 1789 and was ratified on December 15th, 1791. Why was this amendment proposed? South Dakota vs. Dole - South Dakota sued Secretary of Transportation Dole because of the age restriction of drinking while driving. South Dakota did not want to put an age restriction on, and then Dole cut South Dakota's highway funds by 10%. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of Dole 7-2.
Printz vs. U.S. - Supreme Court ruled that Congress cant' force states to conduct criminal background researches. Congress was in violation of the Tenth Amendment.
N.Y. vs. U.S. - Supreme Court prevented Congress from making states be responsible for hazardous materials. So Congress had no power to force the states to do what they wanted, which violated the Tenth Amendment Important Precedent setting out Court Cases As to what I think about this amendment, although it may not be as important as it used to be, but it still helped to limit the power of the Federal government. Without this amendment, the Federal government could do all it wants without boundaries. But with this amendment, it gives some powers to the states so they could do what they wanted. Without this amendment, it would be like England all over again wouldn't it? So I believe this is amendment in my opinion, is important. Personal Interpretation "The Tenth Amendment; Forgotten, but not lost," by Donald A. Trevault.
"The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined.. Thos are which to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised pincipally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce. ... The powers reserved to the several states will extend to all the objects which in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives and liberties , and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement and prosperity of the state." - James Madison Current or Recent Controversies U.S. vs. Lopez - Supreme Court ruled that the Gun Free School Act of 1990, which said that people could not bring arms around schools, which Congress set out was in violation of the Tenth Amendment. Congress overstepped their power limits. THE END History of the Amendment Bibliography Hope you Enjoyed it! Pictures 1. Revolution War & Beyond. "The Tenth Amendment".12/18/12.http://www.revolutionary-war-and-beyond.com/10th-amendment.html
2.Head, Tom.The Tenth Amendment.12/18/12.http://civilliberty.about.com/od/equalrights/p/10th_amendment.htm
3.West's Encyclopedia of American Law.Tenth Amendment.12/18/12.http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Tenth+Amendment
4. Longley, Robert. Federalism: National vs. State Governments.12/18/12.http://usgovinfo.about.com/od/rightsandfreedoms/a/federalism.htm
5. Google Images.Tenth Amendment.12/18/12.www.google.com
6. Prezi images(From Google).Tenth Amendment.12/18/12-12/20/12. Songs