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Transcript of PERU
"Firm and Happy for the Union"
Most people in Peru make a living by entertainment and teaching
MAIN IMPORTS AND EXPORTS
Gold - 20%
Copper Ore - 18%
Refined Petroleum - 6.7%
Lead Ore & Refined Copper - 4.2%
China (17%), U.S. (14%), Switzerland (11%), Canada (7.5 %), Japan (5.5 %)
Crude Petroleum - 8.4%
Refined Petroleum - 5.5%
Cars - 4.2%
Delivery Trucks - 3.7%
Large Construction Vehicles - 2.3%
U.S. (19%) , China (18%), Brazil (6%), Ecuador (4.8%), Argentina (4.7%)
After more than 10 years of economic growth of over 6%, Peru has reached an intermediate level of development
Weak development in education and technical education
10% of university students in science and engineering
Peruvian Nuevo Sol
1 PEN = 0.39 CAD
1 CAD = 2.54 PEN
decent standard of living
middle- income country
one of the world's fastest growing economies with a growth rate of 6.3%
STANDARD OF LIVING
high HDI - 0.741 and GDP per capita - $12,000
one can of coke costs about 2.22 PEN or 0.85 CAD
a meal at McDonald's costs about 5 PEN or 1.95 CAD
a cappuccino costs about 7.01 PEN or 2.73 CAD
TAXES AND UNEMPLOYMENT
unemployment rate - 7.6% (2014)
The labour tax and contributions paid by a business in Peru is 11% of the business's commercial profits
Other taxes payable by businesses amount to 2.8% of the business commercial, these include the amounts paid by a business for property taxes, turnover taxes, and other small taxes such as municipal fees and vehicle and fuel taxes.
The profit tax paid by businesses in Peru is 26.7% of the commercial profits.
minimum wage is 750 PEN a month or 292.5 CAD
FORMS OF ECO-TOURISM IN PERU:
National Park of Manu
Tombopata- Candamo protected
Rio Abiseo National Park
The Peruvian Amazon is divided into 2 areas: the high jungle and the lower jungle. Both areas contain an unrivaled diversity of animal and plant life
Enigamas of Peru
Domain of the condor
National Park of Manu
UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES
There are a total of 11 sites, three including parks :
1. Sacred City of Caral- Supe
2. Chan Chan Archeological Site
3. City of Cuzco
4. Historic Center of Lima
5. Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu
6. Historic Center of the City of Arequipa
7. Chavin (Archeological Site)
8. Huascaran National Park
9. Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana
10. Manu National park
11. Rio Abiseo National Park
Sacred City of Caral- Supe
City of Cuzco
Rio Abiseo National Park
Huascaran National Park
Andean Mountain Cat
Yellow- tailed Woolly Monkey
- Volcanic Eruptions
- Inadequate protection
- Manu National Park
- Rio Abiseo National Park
- Otishi National Park
- Alto Purus National Park
- Tingo Maria National Park
- Cutervo National Park
- Yanachaga Chemillean
- Huascaran National Park
- Amotape Hills
- Bahuaja- Sonene
- Biabo Condillera Azul
- Ichigkat Muja- Condillera del Condor
Otishi National Park
Tingo Maria National Park
Cutervo National Park
How to Get to Peru
to get to Peru, you would have to fly (by plane that is .. )
it will cost about as cheap as $766 Canadian currency
National Airline: LAN Peru / Peruvian Airlines
National Airport: Jorge Chavez International Airport
Where Will You Stay?
Palacio del Inka
- a luxury 5- star collection hotel only for $272 per night
- located in Cuzco, Peru
Belmond Miraflores Park
- another star rating hotel starting from $400 per night
-located in Lima, Peru
Over 2,299,000 people visited Peru in the year of 2010
Over 2,598,000 people visited Peru in the year of 2011
Over 2,846,000 people visited Peru in the year of 2012
Over 3,164,000 people visited Peru in the year 2013
TOP 5 ATTRACTIONS IN PERU
5. Santa Catalina Monastery
4. Uros Islands
3. Plaza de Armas
2. Colca Canyon
1. Machu Picchu !
Santa Catalina Monastery
Plaza de Armas
TOP 3 MUST- SEE LANDMARKS
- Chan Chan
- Inca Trail
- Ollantaytambo ruins
TOP 3 SPECIAL ACTIVITES IN PERU
Small- group lima coast bike tour - JUST FOR A LOW PRICE OF $45!
Machu Picchu day trip from Cuzco - STARTING FROM $360!
Buenos Aires Zoo - STARTING FROM $69!
PEAK SEASON, OFF SEASON, SHOULDER SEASON
Peak season : mid- December to mid- January , June to August
Off season : November to April
Shoulder season : mid- January to May, September to December
You will need vaccines and medicine because there is risk of these diseases in Peru:
Hepatitis A & B
Canadian citizens using Canadian passports do not require a visa to enter Peru
travel insurance cost in Peru is $10,000
WHAT YOU'RE GOING TO BRING BACK FOR ARIANNA !!!
a traditional grape vodka
a good quality pisco is about 20 soles ( $7)
these small to large statues, usually of llamas, pumas and condors, are carved by hand
small wooden flutes and drums make great gifts for kids
much smaller than what we're accustomed to
take your time
Gifts to the host:
bring them but don't be a show off
don't worry about it
WEIRD LAWS IN PERU
it is illegal to use chili, chilli sauce, or any other hot sauces in prison food
unmarried young men are not permitted to have a female alpacas in their apartment
abortion is illegal
drug laws in Peru are more lenient
Preservation of culture
Elders' stories :
elders' are the most valuable transmitters of knowledge, skill, history, etc.
when they tell stories, the stories are usually translated from Quechua to Spanish and English to be produced to communities
Cultural heritage :
embodied through social practices, economic practices, values, beliefs, community life, music, dance, poetry, etc.
Food and textile projects:
most peruvians eat their traditional foods and make their own clothes
Festivals and rituals
around 3,000 festivals are held each year
organized around a patron saint and entered in a Christian calendar
Peru's folklore is rich and varied, with its own dances and songs: On the coast, marineras and tonderos. In the highlands, huaynos and mullizas. In the jungle, music and dances which imitate nature.
Example: The Zamacueca- This is a popular dance in the Andean zone
Example: The Waltz- While there is a diversity of forms depending on the zone, the most widespread is the creole waltz, from the coastal area
Primary Education- Education in Peru through primary and secondary school is theoretically free for children from ages 7 to 16, although in practice inaccessible to many rural children. The model begins with pre-school education before children enter primary school for 6 grades.
Secondary Education - Secondary school consists of 5 grades. Many children, especially from country areas find it difficult to adapt to this new level especially as they are accustomed to a single teacher. Ongoing efforts are in place to try to close this gap.
Vocational Education- Vocational education is available from a variety of technological institutions and other similar facilities. Although mainly private, these are supervised and graded by the Ministry of Education that also licenses them.
Tertiary Education- Higher education is available from private and public technical colleges and universities. Courses taken at the former require 3,000 hours of study (usually 3 years) and result in certification as technical professionals.
SCHOOL IN PERU
Breakfast is normally eaten between 7:00 am and 9:00 am. This is the standard two-hour window for serving breakfast in hostels and hotels
Lunch is the main meal of the day in Peru. It can be a lengthy process, often involving a starter and a main course followed by a dessert and, in some parts of the country, a siesta. Lunch dictates business hours throughout Peru, with many businesses shutting at around midday before reopening at about 3:00 pm. Lunch itself is normally served between midday and 1:00 pm.At approximately 5.30 pm, some Peruvians eat a quick snack or meal.
Peruvians normally sit down to a light supper between 8.00 pm and 10.00 pm, sometimes later depending on when family members return from work (the extended lunch break means that many Peruvians end up working until 8 or 9 pm).
The most sought out sports in Peru are soccer and volleyball
followed by bull fighting, cockfighting and racing
In recent times Tennis and basketball are gaining popularity
The Peruvians also enjoy fishing
Others include Mountain trekking, Mountaineering, Surfing, White water rafting and Mountain biking
SPORTS AND ACTIVITIES
The political system of Peru is based on a constitutional republic with the President as the head of the state as well as the head of government.
The President of Peru serves for a term of five years and is eligible to be re-elected.
Every five years, the President of Peru and members of Congress are elected by universal suffrage.
The present constitutional president of Peru is President Ollanta Humala.
The different branches of the political system of Peru are the executive, legislative and the judiciary
Quechua women’s dress today is rooted in traditions from pre-conquest Peru (a fusion of Inca and Huari cultures), and Spanish Colonial peasant dress (often with some modern items thrown in).
each village and region has a unique style of clothing which identifies them as such
Indigenous women in the Andes tend to wear synthetics because it is more convienient, and because they love to stand out wearing intense colour.
Young women choose to wear modern clothing if they live in Cusco, and traditional clothing in the community
Men’s traditional dress has been more eroded by Western contact than women’s dress and younger Andean men now mostly wear Western-style clothing, such as sport clothing and baseball caps. Many of the elderly men wear knee-length, dark handwoven pants
Local buses are slow and crowded but cheap
Taxis seem to be everywhere
Safer, regulated taxis usually have a lit company number on the roof and are reached by phone. These are more expensive than taxis flagged down on the street, but are more reliable.
In Peru, hitchhiking is not very practical, as there are few private cars, buses are so cheap and trucks are often used as paid public transportation in remote areas.
The predominant religion is Roman Catholic
there is a scattering of other Christian faiths
Indigenous Peruvians have blended Catholicism and their traditional beliefs
Peruvian born Australian actress who was introduced to international audiences in Fast and The Furious: Tokyo Drift and later appeared in Body of Proof.
she also appeared in Bruno Mars' "Just the Way you Are" music video.