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The Doctrine of the Incarnation
Transcript of The Doctrine of the Incarnation
To be a merciful High Priest (Heb. 2:17-18, 4:14-16)
To sympathize with us (Heb. 4:15)
To be a substitute for the Human race, he had to be a true human being, able to experience spiritual suffering and physical suffering and death.
To have a true human body, soul, spirit, mind, heart, will, and emotions.
To die as a propitiatory sacrifice for sin (Mk. 10:45, Heb. 2:9, 9:28, 1 John 3:5)
To provide an example (Phil. 2:5-8, 1 Peter 2:21) Essential Criteria for the God-man Truly God
Two Natures are Distinct Incorrect Views of the God-man Apollinarianism- Rejects full Humanity. Jesus had a human body but not a human mind or spirit; divine nature in a body.
Nestorianism- Jesus was 2 separate persons.
Monophysitism- Jesus had one nature, the human nature was absorbed into the divine nature to produce a third kind of nature.
Arianism- Rejects Deity and full Humanity of Jesus.
Gnosticism- Rejects Humanity. Jesus did not have a real, physical body. He only appears to be physical. The Trinity affects Christology Trinity - The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are three eternal Persons who equally share one infinite, undivided divine nature. Evidence for the Deity of Christ Eternal Pre-existence - John 1:1-3
Creator - I Cor. 8:6, Col. 1:16-17, Heb. 1:1
Jesus within the Trinity - John 17:5, 24
"I am" - John 8:58
Divine titles - I am, First and Last, Light, Bridegroom, Forgiver of sins, Creator, Redeemer, Shepherd, Savior, Judge
Divine works - John 1:1-3, Heb. 1:3, Matt. 9:5-8, John 10:27-29 John 1:14 "The word became flesh" means the divine Logos assumed human nature without ceasing to be God. He did not cease to be what he was, but began to be what he was not. In other words, the incarnation was not a transformation of Deity but an addition of humanity. Only an infinite deity of the God-man could be the adequate sacrifice for sins against an infinite God.
Only Jesus as God had the power to destroy sin and death by His resurrection.
As our mediator, Christ had to represent both sides of these parties at the same time. As God, he represented God to man. As man, He represented man to God. By fully representing both sides, Jesus brought man and God together. Questions? How can Jesus be both God and Man?
Why doesn't this make Him 2 people?
How does His Incarnation relate to the Trinity?
How could Jesus die and yet still be God?
Does Jesus still have His human body for the rest of eternity? Misunderstanding the Incarnation Chalcedonian Creed (451 A.D.)
This creed was adopted at the Fourth Ecumenical Council, held at Chalcedon, located in what is now Turkey, in 451, as a response to certain heretical views concerning the nature of Christ. It established the orthodox view that Christ has two natures (human and divine) that are unified in one person.
We, then, following the holy Fathers, all with one consent, teach men to confess one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, the same perfect in Godhead and also perfect in manhood; truly God and truly man, of a reasonable [rational] soul and body; consubstantial [co-essential] with the Father according to the Godhead, and consubstantial with us according to the Manhood; in all things like unto us, without sin; begotten before all ages of the Father according to the Godhead, and in these latter days, for us and for our salvation, born of the Virgin Mary, the Mother of God, according to the Manhood; one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, only begotten, to be acknowledged in two natures, inconfusedly, unchangeably, indivisibly, inseparably; the distinction of natures being by no means taken away by the union, but rather the property of each nature being preserved, and concurring in one Person and one Subsistence, not parted or divided into two persons, but one and the same Son, and only begotten, God the Word, the Lord Jesus Christ; as the prophets from the beginning [have declared] concerning Him, and the Lord Jesus Christ Himself has taught us, and the Creed of the holy Fathers has handed down to us. Goals for Tonight Jesus is unique Unique solution to our human condition Which path solves our problem? To be able to think about how the Incarnation "works" without straying from the boundary truths and what we know from Scripture.
Be able to detect your own wrong thinking about Jesus as the God-man.
Understand how Jesus is the unique way to God compared to all other ways.
Understand our human condition (problem) that needs the God-man as the solution.
Understand how the Christian worldview differs from all others with respect to the solution.