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Transcript of Present Perfect
So, here we are.
How well do you understand the present perfect tense?
Let's take a walk and run through the rules for forming and using the tense.
With a regular verb, the past participle ends with -ED (just like the simple past).
This tense is formed using two components:
Now for understanding the present perfect...
Let's think of some examples together.
Irregular verbs have a special past participle form that you have to learn. (This is what we have in our lists of verbs.)
What is a past participle?
So let's see what it looks like altogether...
The boat has sunk
She has collected
Our guest has arrived
I have watched
My sister has swum
The teacher has said
the helping verb HAVE (in the present tense)
the past participle form of a verb
is used when the
time period is not finished:
(the week is not finished yet)
is often used when the
time is not mentioned:
his exam again.
is often used when the
is often used with
has just arrived
time is recent:
[has/have + past participle]
Unspecified time before now
I have seen that movie twenty times.
I think I have met him once before.
There have been many earthquakes in California.
People have traveled to the Moon.
I have been to France.
You have grown since the last time I saw you.
referring to an experience
Our son has learned how to read.
Scientists have split the atom.
I have had four quizzes and five tests so far this semester.
Before we begin, let's review the verb:
We will use this verb as a
when forming the present perfect.
has/have + past participle
So, let's start with the structure!
I need two volunteers to the board.
We use the present perfect tense to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now.
The exact time is not important.
Let's watch this video!
Here's another video!