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Present Perfect

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by

Irma C. Paz

on 15 August 2013

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Transcript of Present Perfect

Present perfect
So, here we are.

How well do you understand the present perfect tense?
Let's take a walk and run through the rules for forming and using the tense.
With a regular verb, the past participle ends with -ED (just like the simple past).
This tense is formed using two components:
Now for understanding the present perfect...
Let's think of some examples together.
Irregular verbs have a special past participle form that you have to learn. (This is what we have in our lists of verbs.)
What is a past participle?
arrived
eaten
said
sunk
swum
collected
enjoyed
watched
So let's see what it looks like altogether...
The boat has sunk
She has collected
Our guest has arrived
I have watched
My sister has swum
The teacher has said
the helping verb HAVE (in the present tense)
the past participle form of a verb
1. The
present perfect
is used when the
time period is not finished:
I
have seen
three movies
this week.
(the week is not finished yet)
2. The

present perfect
is often used when the
time is not mentioned:
Gerry
has failed
his exam again.
3. The

present perfect
is often used when the
4. The

present perfect
is often used with
James
has just arrived
in Victoria.
time is recent:
for
and
since
Greg
has lived
here
for
20 years.
Greg
has lived
here
since
1978.
[has/have + past participle]
Use 1
Unspecified time before now
I have seen that movie twenty times.
I think I have met him once before.
There have been many earthquakes in California.
People have traveled to the Moon.
I have been to France.
You have grown since the last time I saw you.
Use 2
referring to an experience
Our son has learned how to read.
Scientists have split the atom.
I have had four quizzes and five tests so far this semester.
Before we begin, let's review the verb:
'to have'
PRESENT TENSE
I
You
have
have
She
He
It
We
You
They
have
have
have
has
has
has
We will use this verb as a
helping verb
when forming the present perfect.
has/have + past participle
So, let's start with the structure!
I need two volunteers to the board.
We use the present perfect tense to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now.
The exact time is not important.
Let's watch this video!
Here's another video!
Full transcript