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Copy of History of Stop Motion Animation
Transcript of Copy of History of Stop Motion Animation
Animation has been around for a long time and started with the very basic stop motion animation.
In the begining!
What is Stop Motion!?
Stop motion animation was the first type of animation where a series of different pictures of objects or people would be played one after the other to create the illustion of the framed pictures moving together and making a film. The framed pictures are played at a rate of 24 frames per second and the lowest it can be played at if 12.5 seconds per frame. The human eye sees the images in a fluid motion due to persistence of vision.
Where it all began!
The first stop motion was made in 1897 and it was called The humpty dumpty circus by Thomas A. Edison. Short after in 1902 Edison made his next animation, Fun in a Bakery Shop and at the time was concidored as magic because no one had ever seen anything like it before and thought that the actor could sculpt these faces in lighting speed.
Persistence of vision:
The brains reaction time is very slow and when images are showen at a high speed per second the eyes retain the image for a split second untill the next image apears and the brain merges them together seamlessly. So the once still images become a moving image.
It all kicked off in 180AD when Ting Huan from China invented a spinning wheel that was hung above a lamp. Within the paper wheel would be a series of images and when spun at the correct speed would show the images. This was called a Zoetrope.
The many forms of Stop
Object manipulation was the first type of animation and the simpilist form. It involves moving an object a tiny bit at a time and photographing it each movement. This can be a very time consuming process and become complicated once you start adding more objects to the film because you must double the amount of concentration and you can easerly get confused. It is also very hard to capture human emotions especially if it is an in-animate object.
Claymation is probably the most reconised form of animation because of it's wide use in the movie industry. Claymation is manly to do with clay manipulation but also plastiscine. Some forms of claymation use souly clay but more professional animations use an amateaur skeleton underneth the clay model to make it easier ti manipulate and make for a more accurate looking animation. Claymation is a very useful for making more fantasy based animations because you have a lot of freedom with what you can do with the clay. It can also be bad for animation because it can be very easy to accidently manipulate the model and this can make the final animation look weird. The most popular claymations are the Aardman Studio films that started with "Wallace and Gromit" created by NIck Park who was the pionier of claymation.
Cutout animation is a very basic form of stop-motion animation and involves 2d cut-outs of characters or objects made, usually of cloth or paper placed on a flat surface then manipulated over and over. This type of animation is very similar to object manipulation in terms of freedom but can also be time consuming and easy to move a part and ruin the animation. One of the most popular types of cut-out animation is the Southpark episodes.
a zoetrope workes by looking through the the slits with one eye closed and spinning it at a steady speed which crates the illustion of each picture moving together.
The Golden Age!
Animation really kicked of when Walt Disney made the first cartoon, hand drawn animation called Steamboat Willie which was also the first animation with synchronised sound. It was also the first appearence of Micky Mouse. Walt Disney went on to be the biggest animation studios in the world and influenced other studios such as Pixar.
Stop Motion Today!
Today stop motion has advanced to all new levels with new technoligy like CGI and 3d animation. Stop motion takes a long time to creat so animation studios like AArdman now tend to use claymation or laytex.
Stop motion isn't only used in film, these days all sorts of media use it. TV now uses it in adverts and kids TV shows. One good example would be E4 who use alot of stop motion in there adverts.
Alot of music vidoes also use stop motion as well these days.
Based on the era provided in groups you will research the four following areas:
- Pioneers and or developers of this era
- Examples of work
- Different genres/forms
You will create a presentation for 4pm