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The Fall of Rome
Transcript of The Fall of Rome
rules 192 A.D. 284 A.D. Diocletian
divides empire 305 A.D. 312 A.D. 337 A.D. Visigoths
Rome 410 A.D. 455 A.D. 476 A.D. Vandals
Rome Last Roman emperor driven from the throne Commodus
Succeed Marcus Arelius
Harsh emperor Weak and Corrupt Emperors Following emperors
Bribe soldiers Rome relied more and more on an expensive mercenary army
This army was more expensive, less effective and not entirely loyal. Mercenary Army Diocletian A.D. 284 - 305 Attempts to stop the decline Constantine A.D. 312 - 337 Established forts on Roman borders
Improved system for collecting taxes
Divided the empire into two parts Adopted Christianity as official religion
Moved capital of east to Byzantium
Renamed the city Constantinople The size of the Roman Empire became too big to maintain.
Borders saw constant pressure from outside invasions
Overseeing empire took a tremendous amount of bureaucracy and taxes Size of Empire Economic Problems Bureaucracy
Army to maintain borders
Food to keep citizens happy Unable to conquer new lands
Exempt wealthy Romans Lack of income Roman Response 1. Raise taxes
2. Print more money.
Inflation After Commodus the Empire saw constant in fighting and change in Emperors Volatile Leadership Constantine
rules Decline in Morals and Values Historians argue that as Rome became more powerful the will and effort of the people began to slip.
Focused on wealth and luxury
Not willing to sacrifice for good of Rome
Exempt from taxes Visigoths loot Rome 410 A.D.
Vandals loot Rome 455 A.D.
German General seizes control of Rome and expels last Roman emperor: Romulus Augustulus 476 A.D. Fall of Rome The Decline of the Roman Empire Rising Cost Roman Empire encountered constant invasion and pressure from foreign tribes.
These included the Goths, Franks, Huns, Visogoths, Vandals and Saxons.
During its height in power, Rome was able to conquer and protect these lands. However internal pressures and mismanagement left Roman control vulnerable. Foreign Invasion The Roman Empire experienced several plagues and natural disasters during its decline.
Sizable portions of the Roman population died as a result of these events. This put an increased strain on military and food production. Plague and Natural Disasters A controversial and disputed cause for the decline of the Roman Empire was lead poisoning.
Historians believe that lead poisoning may have led to questionable actions and decisions by Roman elite including Roman Emperors. Ex. (Caligula, Nero, etc.)
Romans drank from plumbing that used lead piping and drank wine from lead lined storage containers.
Only wealthy Romans would have regularly used these items that contained lead. Lead Poisoning Warm Up: On a blank sheet of notebook paper, brainstorm three possible reasons the Roman empire fell.