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Transcript of Northeast Region
Hershey Chocolate Factory
Sailing ships brought explorers and settlers to North America. The Mayflower brought the first group of settlers from Europe to New England. The ship landed in Plymouth Bay. It was deep enough for ships and better still, there was fresh water, land for farming and trees for building homes. The people who came over on the Mayflower came for religious reasons. In England, the Pilgrims were not allowed to follow their own religion. They decided to start their own colony in North America.
What was it like on the Mayflower?
From 1892 to 1954, over 12 million immigrants from at least 50 countries entered the United States through Ellis Island. Ellis Island is located in the upper bay just off the New Jersey coast, within the shadow of the Statue of Liberty.
New cities and industries were springing up across the country. The United States was building an industrial economy, or an economy in which factories and machines manufacture (make) most goods. The first factories were built along rivers so that the rushing water could be used to run machines. Rivers also gave factories a way to ship finished products to market. Over time, railroads were built and machines began to run on steam or electricity.
The Hershey Chocolate Company is a major industry in Hershey, Pennsylvania. It originated in 1894 because founder, Milton Hershey, wanted to produce sweet chocolate as a coating for his caramels. Milk chocolate used to be considered a luxury for the wealthy, but Hershey developed a way for it to be mass produced to lower the price.
In 1907, the company began producing a flat-bottomed, conical milk chocolate candy that Mr. Hershey decided to name Hershey’s Kisses Chocolates. At first, they were individually wrapped in little squares of silver foil, but in 1921 machine wrapping was introduced.
Let's Take a Tour!
West Quoddy Head
West Quoddy Head in Lubec, Maine, is the easternmost point of the contiguous United States and the closest point to Europe from a point in the fifty States. Out the window of the train, we are able to see the famous lighthouse that sounds a foghorn to warn ships that they are close to land.
Please turn your attention to the windows on the left side of the train. Shortly you will be seeing the tallest peak in the northeast. Mt. Washington stands at 6,288 feet tall.
Mt. Washington, New Hampshire
Boston Common, Massachusetts
The starting point of the Freedom Trail, Boston Common is the oldest park in the country. The park is almost 50 acres in size. Today, Boston Common is the anchor for the Emerald Necklace, a system of connected parks that winds through many of Boston's neighborhoods. The "Common" has been used for many different purposes throughout its long history. Some of the uses are cattle grazing, a camp for the British troops, and speeches by people like Martin Luther King Jr.
During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the United States began to develop plans to improve transportation into the interior and beyond the great physical barrier of the Appalachian Mountains. The goal was to link Lake Erie and the other Great Lakes with the Atlantic Coast through a canal. The Erie Canal was the nation's first major transportation system. It allowed goods to be shipped to and from New York City and the Upper Midwest.
Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
On the first Independence Day in 1776, leaders from the 13 colonies met in this building to sign the Declaration of Independence. This document announced that the thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent states that formed a new nation
White House, Washington, D.C.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States, located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since 1800.
Let's take a peek at the White House!
Our last stop on our Northeastern tour is one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. Know as the Empire State Building!
The Empire State Building is a 103-story skyscraper located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. It has a roof height of 1,250 feet (380 m), and with its antenna spire included, it stands a total of 1,454 feet (443 m) high. Its name is derived from the nickname for New York, the Empire State. It stood as the world's tallest building for nearly 40 years, from its completion in early 1931 until the topping out of the original World Trade Center's North Tower in late 1970.