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Poverty in MI and U.S.

Dr.Yan Ciupak, Dept. Sociology And Anthropology, Northern Michigan University
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on 14 October 2016

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Transcript of Poverty in MI and U.S.

Some Anti-poverty Proposals
Measurement of Poverty (poverty line)
Who the Poor are: Summary
Reducing Poverty
Racial and Ethnic Minorities (by poverty rate of the group)

Children.
21.8% children under the age of eighteen are in poverty(16.1 million).

Families headed by single mothers.
31.2% versus 6.2% in 2011
“The feminization of poverty”

Encouraging full employment

Educating and training the poor to compete effectively in the job market
Early childhood interventions
Jobs programs include on-the-job training and temporary public service jobs
Providing income maintenance and public assistance programs


Dr. Yan Ciupak
Thursday, September 24th , 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
factfinder2.census.gov
Who the Poor Are: Social Patterns
Elevator Pitch– Our proposal to reduce poverty in Michigan/U.S.
Age

Which age group has the highest risk to be poor? what percentage?
Gender
Which gender has the higher risk to be poor? Percentage?
Racial differences
The racial groups that have higher
poverty rate.
Which racial group comprise the greatest number of the poor?
NABC
(Need, Approach, Benefit, Competition).
Summarize the
Need
to address poverty
*What is your
Approach
for addressing this need? 
*What are the
Benefits
for this approach? 
What makes your approach better than other
Competing
approaches?

Submit yr team chapter outline and proposal via the folder. (Bullet points format are fine)

Poverty U.S. & Michigan
Pretax cash income < threshold = in poverty
Based on three times the cost of a budget food plan in the 1960s.
Updated each year for inflation, tied to Consumer Price Index.
Vary by number of people in family, number of children, and age of head
e.g. $23,550 for a family of 4; (median income:51k)
Criticisms
The specific dollar amount is based on outdated assumptions about family expenditures.
The poverty line fails to take into account regional differences in the cost of living.
The poorest 20% of households receive less than 4% of
the total income (the wealthiest 20% receive 50%)
46.5 million people under poverty line,
or about 1 in 7 citizens,
or 15% of the population
Extent of Official Poverty
in the U.S. (2012)
What is the relationship between poverty and educational attainment?

“They(The poor) really could work if they wanted to”. Why does the author state it’s a myth? Use the poverty and labor force participation data to discuss this myth.

Who the Poor are


Which age group has the highest poverty rate?
A. Children under age 18
B. Seniors 65 years and over
Answer: A. 22.8% in MI;
21.8% National Average
Most poor people in the United States are:

A. Black/ African American
B. Latino
C. Native American
D. Asian
D. White (Non Hispanic)
Answer: White (U.S.: 42%
MI: 983k or 62% 983,334/158022=62.15%)
Source: Data from DeNavas-Walt, C., Proctor, B. D., & Smith, J. C. (2013). Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States: 2012 (Current Population Report P13-16). Washington, DC: US Census Bureau.

9.7%
27.2%
11.7%
25.6%
Source: Data from DeNavas-Walt, C., Proctor, B. D., & Smith, J. C. (2013). Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States:
2012 (Current Population Report ). Washington, DC: US Census Bureau.

The Feminization of Poverty
6.2%
15.8%
31.6%
Source: Data from DeNavas-Walt, C., Proctor, B. D., & Smith, J. C. (2013). Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States: 2012 (Current Population Report ). Washington, DC: US Census Bureau.

The Intersectionality of
race, gender and class
Poverty in Michigan and U.S. (2012)
Note: The NABC doesn’t have to be in the above order.

The above guideline is based on Stanford Research Institute NABC method
and NMU draft Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Rubric

Alternative measurements?
Supplemental Poverty Measure(U.S. Census Bureau & Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2013)
"Twice poverty"data

16.8
23.6
17.9%
13.2%
34.9%
29.0%
(2013)
Poverty Rate:
the number of people who fall below the poverty line



the total population

1, The racial groups that have higher
poverty rate?

2, Which racial group comprise the greatest number of the poor?
Full transcript