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Poverty in MI and U.S.
Transcript of Poverty in MI and U.S.
Measurement of Poverty (poverty line)
Who the Poor are: Summary
Racial and Ethnic Minorities (by poverty rate of the group)
21.8% children under the age of eighteen are in poverty(16.1 million).
Families headed by single mothers.
31.2% versus 6.2% in 2011
“The feminization of poverty”
Encouraging full employment
Educating and training the poor to compete effectively in the job market
Early childhood interventions
Jobs programs include on-the-job training and temporary public service jobs
Providing income maintenance and public assistance programs
Dr. Yan Ciupak
Thursday, February 15 , 2018
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Who the Poor Are: Social Patterns
Elevator Pitch– Our proposal to reduce poverty in Michigan/U.S.
Which age group has the highest risk to be poor? what percentage?
Which gender has the higher risk to be poor? Percentage?
The racial groups that have higher
Which racial group comprise the greatest number of the poor?
(Need, Approach, Benefit, Competition).
to address poverty
*What is your
for addressing this need?
*What are the
for this approach?
What makes your approach better than other
Poverty U.S. & Michigan
Pretax cash income < threshold = in poverty
Based on three times the cost of a budget food plan in the 1960s.
Updated each year for inflation, tied to Consumer Price Index.
Vary by number of people in family, number of children, and age of head
e.g. $23,550 for a family of 4; (median income:51k)
The specific dollar amount is based on outdated assumptions about family expenditures.
The poverty line fails to take into account regional differences in the cost of living.
The poorest 20% of households receive less than 4% of
the total income (the wealthiest 20% receive 50%)
46.5 million people under poverty line,
or about 1 in 7 citizens,
or 15.5% of the population
Extent of Official Poverty
in the U.S. (2017)
What is the relationship between poverty and educational attainment?
“They(The poor) really could work if they wanted to”. Why does the author state it’s a myth? Use the poverty and labor force participation data to discuss this myth.
Who the Poor are
Which age group has the highest poverty rate?
A. Children under age 18
B. Seniors 65 years and over
Answer: A. 22.8% in MI;
21.8% National Average
Most poor people in the United States are:
A. Black/ African American
C. Native American
D. White (Non Hispanic)
Answer: White (U.S.: 42%
MI: 983k or 62% 983,334/158022=62.15%)
Source: Data from DeNavas-Walt, C., Proctor, B. D., & Smith, J. C. (2013). Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States: 2012 (Current Population Report P13-16). Washington, DC: US Census Bureau.
Source: Data from DeNavas-Walt, C., Proctor, B. D., & Smith, J. C. (2013). Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States:
2012 (Current Population Report ). Washington, DC: US Census Bureau.
The Feminization of Poverty
Source: Data from DeNavas-Walt, C., Proctor, B. D., & Smith, J. C. (2013). Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States: 2012 (Current Population Report ). Washington, DC: US Census Bureau.
The Intersectionality of
race, gender and class
Poverty in Michigan and U.S. (2012)
Note: The NABC doesn’t have to be in the above order.
The above guideline is based on Stanford Research Institute NABC method
and NMU draft Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Rubric
Supplemental Poverty Measure(U.S. Census Bureau & Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2013)
the number of people who fall below the poverty line
the total population
1, The racial groups that have higher
2, Which racial group comprise the greatest number of the poor?
Open another browser
Note: team activity for on-site classes
Use American Fact finder (step, find 2015 American Community Survey.
Fill out the table.
Criteria used for determining family or individual eligibility for federal programs such as Head Start.
The original federal poverty measure developed by the Social Security Administration and updated each year by the U.S. Census Bureau.