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Montgomery Selma March

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gabe moorman

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of Montgomery Selma March

Series of three marches
March 7, 1965 - Met with violence, known as "Bloody Sunday"
March 9 - "Symbolic" march
March 20 - Marched to Montgomery, Alabama
Montgomery - Selma March
Obstruction of voting rights
Death of Jimmie Lee Jackson
Church bombing in Birmingham
Causes
Reactions
Dallas County Voters League (DCVL)
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
John Lewis
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Martin Luther King Jr.
James Bevel
Federal Govt. (Lyndon B. Johnson)
Pro - Voting Rights
Montgomery-Selma March
March 7, 1965
March
Don't fight back
Focus anger of people towards a nonviolent goal
Talk to Gov. George Wallace directly
Bring attention to the violation of their rights
Strategy Utilized
Anti - Voting Rights
Gov. George Wallace
Alabama State Troopers
White Citizen's Council
Local Policemen
Negative Consequences
"...for we know that it was normalcy in Marion that led to the brutal murder of Jimmie Lee Jackson. It was normalcy in Birmingham that led to the murder on Sunday of four...innocent girls. It was normalcy on Highway 80 that led state troopers to use tear gas and horses and billy clubs against unarmed human beings who were simply marching for justice. It was normalcy by a cafe in Selma, Alabama, that led to the brutal beating of Rev. James Reeb." -MLK
Brutal photos of the march sparked widespread discontent
LBJ meets with Gov. George Wallace
March 15, 1965 Johnson presents voting rights bill
In 1960, there were 50,000 black voters in Alabama. In 1990, there were 530,000
Positive Consequences
"Even if we pass this bill, the battle will not be over. What happened in Selma is part of a far larger movement which reaches into every section and state of America... And we shall overcome." -LBJ
The Selma to Montgomery marches, a series of three nonviolent protests from March 7 to March 24, 1965, were held to bring attention to the violation of black voting rights and to direct the anger of black citizens toward a nonviolent goal. These marches were pivotal to the voting rights movement and ultimately led the the promulgation of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Thesis
Bloody Sunday
March 7, 1965
1st march
Met a wall of state troopers
Nightsticks and tear gas used
17 marchers hospitalized
Brutal photos posted in newspapers
Turnaround Tuesday
March 9, 1965
2nd march
Federal District Court judge issues restraining order
MLK leads marchers to Edmund Pettus Bridge
Prayer session
Court order obeyed
March 21, 1965
3rd march
Federal District Court judge rules in favor of marchers
Protected by U.S. Army
8,000 begin march to Selma
25,000 reach state capitol building
MLK gives speech
Petition to Gov. George Wallace
March to Montgomery
post traumatic stress disorder (ptsd)
marchers beaten
17 hospitalized
Ku Klux Klan retaliates
Full transcript