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Montgomery Selma March
Transcript of Montgomery Selma March
March 7, 1965 - Met with violence, known as "Bloody Sunday"
March 9 - "Symbolic" march
March 20 - Marched to Montgomery, Alabama
Montgomery - Selma March
Obstruction of voting rights
Death of Jimmie Lee Jackson
Church bombing in Birmingham
Dallas County Voters League (DCVL)
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Martin Luther King Jr.
Federal Govt. (Lyndon B. Johnson)
Pro - Voting Rights
March 7, 1965
Don't fight back
Focus anger of people towards a nonviolent goal
Talk to Gov. George Wallace directly
Bring attention to the violation of their rights
Anti - Voting Rights
Gov. George Wallace
Alabama State Troopers
White Citizen's Council
"...for we know that it was normalcy in Marion that led to the brutal murder of Jimmie Lee Jackson. It was normalcy in Birmingham that led to the murder on Sunday of four...innocent girls. It was normalcy on Highway 80 that led state troopers to use tear gas and horses and billy clubs against unarmed human beings who were simply marching for justice. It was normalcy by a cafe in Selma, Alabama, that led to the brutal beating of Rev. James Reeb." -MLK
Brutal photos of the march sparked widespread discontent
LBJ meets with Gov. George Wallace
March 15, 1965 Johnson presents voting rights bill
In 1960, there were 50,000 black voters in Alabama. In 1990, there were 530,000
"Even if we pass this bill, the battle will not be over. What happened in Selma is part of a far larger movement which reaches into every section and state of America... And we shall overcome." -LBJ
The Selma to Montgomery marches, a series of three nonviolent protests from March 7 to March 24, 1965, were held to bring attention to the violation of black voting rights and to direct the anger of black citizens toward a nonviolent goal. These marches were pivotal to the voting rights movement and ultimately led the the promulgation of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
March 7, 1965
Met a wall of state troopers
Nightsticks and tear gas used
17 marchers hospitalized
Brutal photos posted in newspapers
March 9, 1965
Federal District Court judge issues restraining order
MLK leads marchers to Edmund Pettus Bridge
Court order obeyed
March 21, 1965
Federal District Court judge rules in favor of marchers
Protected by U.S. Army
8,000 begin march to Selma
25,000 reach state capitol building
MLK gives speech
Petition to Gov. George Wallace
March to Montgomery
post traumatic stress disorder (ptsd)
Ku Klux Klan retaliates