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Transcript of Southernization
Trade Southernization The spread of ideas and products through the Indian Ocean. India Contributions to the Indian Ocean Trade Cotton is one of the many contributions India had in the Indian Ocean Trade. It was first domesticated in the Indus River Valley, and by the second millennium BCE Indians had developed dyeing techniques. According to a textile expert, by the mid-eighteenth century, "India virtually clothed the world". India not only provided cotton but made a big difference to mathematics. During the time of the Guptas they created western numbers. More importantly they invented the concept of zero, which made their place-value system better than all others. Also around 350 CE, Indians learned how to crystallize sugar. This means that sugar could easily be stored and transported. Last but not least, Indians contributed Buddhism to the Indian Ocean Trade. China Contributions to the Indian Ocean Trade To start off , the Chinese perfected the compass. The compass was very important to the Chinese because they wanted to find a direct route to the spice markets to Java and to the Spice Islands in the Moluccas, and they did with the compass guiding them. Also they introduced Champa Rice. It was drought-resistant, early ripening that allowed for extended cultivation up well-watered hillsides, which doubled the area of rice cultivation in China. Another contribution is silk. Silk was an important export for the Chinese. Lastly the Chinese invented gunpowder. However, when they invented it, it was not used for guns. It was used for starting a flame thrower, flaming arrows, rockets, and even bombs thrown by catapults. Muslims Contributions to the Indian Ocean Trade The Arabs greatly contributed to agriculture. Due to the new southern crops they gained, farmers began to use their fields all the time. This causing farming to become a full-time job. Since they began using their fields more, they need to make their soil more fertile. To do this they added animal dung and vegetable and mineral materials to the soil. The Arabs also really liked their bullion, and found new sources of it. The Arabs mined so much silver that its value fell . Lastly they created an effective route across the Sahara. Due to the Arabs desire for gold, this route was created. They needed to go through the Sahara to get to the source of gold. Mongolia Contributions to the Indian Ocean Trade The Mongols did contribute to the Indian Ocean Trade, however not as much stuff/ideas as the other countries contributed. They invented the Arabic table which indicated the declination of the noonday sun at various latitudes. They also innovated the lateen sail. They moved the sugarcane plant from Sicily to Madeira, in the Atlantic. They also found new sources of gold in West Africa and then in East Africa. Without the African gold their Asian trade wouldn't have been sustained. Extracted from the Indian Ocean Trade Extracted from the Indian Ocean Trade Extracted from the Indian Ocean Trade Extracted from the Indian Ocean Trade The Mongols took use of the compass from China using it to sail the ocean. They also took over some sugar and cotton lands in the Middle East during the Crusades. When they were at the top they also extracted some wealth from the Indian Ocean Trade. The most important export to the Indians was gold. One of their most important trading partners were Ethiopian merchants in East Africa. They also got cinnamon from China, which was a tasty delight. After learning of India's place value system, the Chinese advanced their mathematics. They also established cotton and indigo in China. Lastly they traded for spices, which were a tasty delight. When they found out about Indian mathematics, they advanced their mathematics which caused them to make remarkable advances in algebra and trigonometry.They took in some of Indian crops, such as sugar and cotton causing there to be year round farming. They actually took those crops and then spread them to the Middle East, North Africa, and Islamic Spain. They also imported large number of slaves from Africa in order to produce these crops. Lastly, they used the Chinese compass in order to find the gold they desired. Without southernization, there wouldn't have been an Indian Ocean Trade. With the Indian Ocean Trade, ideas, goods, inventions, livestock, religions, and other things wouldn't have been exchanged. Without southernization there wouldn't have been westernization. Without trade, our societies wouldn't have been able to progress, and get to where we are today.