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Gilgamesh

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on 16 June 2015

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Transcript of Gilgamesh

Gilgamesh
2700 B.C
Table Of Contents
Slide 3: Historic Map
Slide 4: Contemporary Map
Slides 5-10: Gilgamesh's identification with ancient times
Slide 11: Gilgamesh's identification with culture
Slides 12-17: Comparison of values in 2700 B.C. and 2015 A.D.
Slide 18: Synopsis of Epic
Slide 19: Catalyst
Slide 20: Three Epic Adventures
Slides 21-23: Bulleted Synopsis
Contemporary Land
Fig.4 The map of the location of the epic in modern times.
Art
Fig. 3 Historical map from the time of the epic.
Gilgamesh
By: Rachel Israel, Naomi Reji, Rachael Shklyarov, Anna Sullivan
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A Synopsis
Fig. 2 Artifact from the Gilgamesh epic.
Historic Land
Fig. 1 Artifact where Gilgamesh was originally written.
An Unlikely Friendship
Death of Enkidu
An Encounter with the Servant of Enlil
Gilgamesh and Enkidu head to a cedar forest
The goddess of love, Ishtar, is infatuated with Gilgamesh
Civilization
Social Classes
Everyday Life
The Three Adventures
Eternal Life
Gilgamesh sets out to find immortality
Life was lived within large towns
Fig. 5 Gilgamesh wall; present day.
Fig. 20 Gilgamesh’s quest for everlasting life.
Fig. 6 Certain groups had dominance over others.

Worshiped a variety of Gods and Goddesses
Thought death lead to emptiness
No afterlife
Religion
Women's Rights
Cultural Values Gilgamesh Identifies Himself With
Humbleness and acceptance of your own weaknesses and limitations
The desire to search for an everlasting life
Death is inescapable and it motivates someone to do the unimaginable
Fig. 11 Gilgamesh holding recently deceased Enkidu.
Religion
2000 B.C. vs. 2015 A.D.
Everyday Life
2000 B.C. vs. 2015 A.D.
Social Classes
2000 B.C. vs. 2015 A.D.
Civilization
2000 B.C. vs. 2015 A.D.
Women's Rights
2000 B.C. vs 2015 A.D.
"Death of Enkidu"
"Searching for Eternal Life"
"An Encounter with the Servant of Enlil"
Community focused on agriculture
Handout
24
Products were enhanced with inventions
Class distinctions were generally in the quality of clothing and jewelry one wore.
Lives were lived very similarly
2000 B.C. vs 2015 A.D.
King & Nobility
Children attended school
Fig. 7 Scribes working on creating plaques.
Both men and women worked
Females learned and performed domestic arts
Families had singers and storytellers
People enjoyed board games and sports
Glorified powerful rulers
Made from natural resources
Fig. 8
Victory Stele of Naram-Sin
, 2230 B.C.E
Used scale and symbolism
Indicated rank and position by using details
Believed natural disasters correlated with gods
Built Ziggurats to worship them in
Festivals, traditions, and ceremonies created
Number of children ranged 3-4
Birth rate was low
Priests
Upper Class
Merchants
Peasants
Slaves
Women were defined by their families
Could not inherit property
Married into an arranged husband's family
Fig. 10 Women being given away for marriage.
Fig. 9 Three muses are seen approaching the moon god.
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Art
2000 B.C. vs. 2015 A.D.
Gilgamesh is king of Uruk
He oppresses his subjects
Enkidu is sent from gods to kill him
They end up becoming friends and go on adventures
Fig. 19 Enkidu and Gilgamesh.
Humbaba guards the forest
They fight the monster and kill him
Fig. 21 Gilgamesh and Enkidu fighting Humbaba.
He rejects her
She tells her father to send the Bull of Heaven after him
Gilgamesh and Enkidu fight the bull and kill it
The gods agree to kill one of them
He looks for Utnapishtim
He heads to the mountain Mashu
Utnapishtim challenges him to stay awake
Gilgamesh fails
Utnapishtim's wife tells him of a plant
Gilgamesh gets it but snake eats it
Major gap between rich and poor
No opportunity to raise one's ranking
No kings
Economic crisis eliminated middle class
Fig. 13 Children of modern-day Iraq living in poverty.
The General Federation for Iraqi Women
Do not have individual rights
Polygamy, divorce, and inheritance
Fig. 18 Women in Iraq fighting for their rights.
Constant threat of terrorism and weapons
Primarily the people speak Arabic
Urbanized society due to oil production
Fig. 12 Oil production in Iraq
Enkidu hears of the tyrannical king from a harlot
He is outraged and challenges him
They wrestle
Gilgamesh wins and the two become friends
Division of labor by gender
Many parallels to Biblical stories
The Deceitful Snake
The Great Flood
Religion: part of everyday life
Fig. 17 The Deceitful Snake
Everyday life doesn't revolve around religion
Separation of Church and State
Fig. 15 Mesopotamian Mask
Fig. 16 Modern Face Sculpture
Hunting
Inventions
Plough & Wheel
Chariot
Sailboat
Bronze
Tools
Weapons
Chemical Weapons
Polluted Environment
Iraq
95% Islam
Arabic

Fig. 14 Mesopotamian Hunter
Fig. 22 Selections from
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Works Cited
"Ancient Mesopotamia for KidsGloomy Gods." The Gloomy
"Ancient Mesopotamian Women." Life: Marriage, Role of Wife,
Bottéro, Jean. "Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia." - Edinburgh
"Countries and Their Cultures." Culture of Iraq. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 June
"Learning about Ancient Mesopotamian Religion and Culture." Learning
Mark, Joshua J. "Daily Life in Ancient Mesopotamia." Ancient History
Noonan, Keith. "The Social Status of Women in Ancient Egypt &
Gods of Ancient Mesopotamia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 June 2015.
Costumes. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 June 2015.
University Press. N.p., July 2001. Web. 15 June 2015.
2015.
about Ancient Mesopotamian Religion and Culture. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 June 2015.
Encyclopedia. N.p., 15 Apr. 2014. Web. 15 June 2015.
Mesopotamia | The Classroom | Synonym." The Classroom. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 June 2015.
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