Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Classical Greece 2

Warring City-States

Emily Blechl

on 23 April 2010

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Classical Greece 2

Main Idea The growth of city-states in Greece led to the development of several political systems, including democracy. Why its important Many political systems in today's world mirror the varied forms of government that evolved in Greece. Warring City-States The Different Political systems that developed in Greek City-States Terms to know!
Polis- city-state; made up of a citry and its surrounding countryside
Acropolis- fortified hilltop
Monarchy- a government ruled by kings or monarchs
Aristocracy- a government ruled by a small group noble, land-owning families
Oligarchy- a government ruled by a few powerful people
Phalanx- fearsome formation, was the most powerful fighting force in the ancient world
Tyrants- powerful individuals By 750 B.C., the city-state, or polis, was the fundamental political unit in ancient Greece. Most city-states controlled between 50 and 500 square miles of territory. At the public center, on a acropolis, male citizens gathered to conduct business. There were many ways to rule a Greek polis. Monarchy Aristocracy Oligarchy Each polis enjoyed a close-knit community. Most Greeks looked down on all non-Greek foreigners; considered barbarians. The shift from bronze to iron weapons made possible a new kind of army composed of merchants, artians, and small landowners. Citizens were expected to defend their polis. Foot soldiers, called hoplites, stood side by side, a spear in one hand and a shield in the other. They were called phalanx. Tyrants gained control of the government by appealing to the poor and the discontented for support. Phalanx Acropolis Military Government of Sparta Sparta conquered neighboring Messenia around 725 B.C. and took over the land. The Messenians became helots. Around 600 B.C., the Messenians, who outnumbered the Spartans 8 to 1, revolted. The Spartans barely put down the revolt, and then dedicated themselves to the creation of a strong city-state. Two groups governed Sparta. An assembly of all free adult males, elected officials and voted on major issues. Council of Elders proposed laws that the assembly voted on.
5 elected officials called ephors carried out the laws. They controlled education and prosecutions. In addition, 2 kings ruled over Sparta's military. Helots- peasents forced to stay on the land they worked From around 600 until 371 B.C., the Spartans had the most powerful army in Greece. But because of this, all forms of individual expression were discouraged. They did not value arts, but duty, strenght, and discipline. Difference between the Athenian and Spartan Governments Athenians Tried to create a demorcracy
Citizens participated directly inpolitical decision making
Always eager to learn new ideas
Educated to think and act as free people
Women focused on taking care of the children and managing the household.
Democracy- rule by the people Spartans Built a military state
Two groups governed; an assembly & the Council of Elders
2 kings ruled
Women ran, wrestled, played sports amd received military training
People valued duty, strength and discipline over individuality, beauty and freedom
Persian Wars Persian Wars-wars betwen Greece and the Persian Empire; began in Ionia on the coast of Anatolia Battle at Marathon In 490 B.C., a Persian fleet carried 25.000 mean across the Aegean Sea and landed in Marathon. There, 10,000 Athenians, arranged in phalanxes, waited. Outnumbered, the Greeks charged. The Persians wore light armor and lacked training in this type of combat. After several hours, the Persians fled. The casualties reportedly numbered 6,400 Persians and only 192 Athenians. Thermopylae and Salamis In 480 B.C., Darius the Great was dead. His son and successor Xerxes tried to crush Greece. He assembled an enormous invasion force of ships and men. At this time, the Greeks were badly divided. Some city-states agreed to fight the Persians, whereas others thought it was wiser to let Xerxes destroy Athens and return home. When Xerxes came to pass a narrow mountain pass at Thermopylae, 7,000 Greeks (including 300 Spartanss) blocked his way. They fought for 3 days until a traitor told the Persions of a secret path around the cliffs. Fearing defeat, Spartans held the pass while other Greeks retreated. The Persians were defeated at sea. The End.
Full transcript