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Transcript of Roman Culture
•galea: visored helmet
•galerus: metal shoulder piece
•manicae: leather elbow or wrist bands
•ocrea: metal or boiled leather greave
•parma: round shield
•scutum: large oblong shield
•sica: curved scimitar
•subligaculum: loin cloth Typical Gladiator Scene Neat Fact! :-) The name Gladiator, comes from the latin word gladius which indeed means sword. Emperors
Often, gladiators would look to the stands at the emperor to see whether to finish the opponent or to spare him. Neat facts 2.
1. The last known gladiator fight was on January 1st 404 AD.
2.Trainee gladiators were sometime called trio or terrine. At the end of the day the gladiators who had been killed were dragged through the Porta Libitinensis (Gate of Death) to the Spoliarium where the body was stripped and the weapons and armor given to the dead gladiator’s lanista. Gladiatorial schools "Ludi Gladiatorium". The gladiator schools also served as barracks, or in some cases prisons, for gladiators between their fights. One of the most famous gladiators was the Emperor Commodus (177-192 AD) who boasted that he was the victor of a thousand matches. The Roman Emperors Caligula, Titus, Hadrian , Cracalla, Geta and Didius Julianus were all said to have performed in the arena. Neat Facts!!! First gladiator fight was had in 264 AD when 3 pairs of slaves were selected to fight at the funeral of a rich Roman
Gladiator games were thought to have made the god's happy
The first gladiator fights were held in wood arenas
The first stone arena was called the amphitheater of Statilius Taurus, (i hope i spelled that right) which was built in 29 BC
Nearly 30 types of gladiators have been identified. Danny's Elite Uber neat facts!!!!!!! •Julius Caesar put on a games with 320 pairs for his daughter Julia's funeral
•Gladiators could keep gifts they were given during gladiatorial games
•Praegnariii was the what they called the opening gladiator battle
•The Praegnari used wooden swords and were accompanied by festive music.
•When a gladiator died, they was carried through the gate of death, stripped of their weapons, and returned to their Lanista Colosseum.
The Colosseum, which was originally named Flavian Amphitheater, is the most impressive building of the Roman Empire and the largest building of the era. It is also considered as the greatest work of Roman architecture and engineering. Coleseum Colosseum. cont. 1.) The Colosseum was built by Emperor Vespasian, founder of the Flavian dynasty, for Titus, his successor.
2.) Colosseum is an elliptical building measuring 189 meters long and 156 meters wide with a base area of 24,000 m with a height of more than 48 meter.
3.) It has about 80 entrances and can accommodate 50,000 spectators. TRAINING Gladiator Training focussed on different fighting styles and weapons used by specific types of gladiators. Gladiators who fought in heavy armor were slower and required different techniques and skills than those of gladiators who were lightly armed who were fast and light. The different types of fighters required customised training according to their armor, weapons and fighting techniques Astonishing Fact!! Gladiator Training was not just about acquiring physical combat skills. Trained Gladiators were expected to behave in a certain way. They also had to be taught how to die. Their were specific death rituals in the arenas of the Roman Colosseum. Roman spectators expected gladiators to die bravely, showing no fear, offering themselves to cold blooded murder by their opponents. Gladiator training therefore included how to die gracefully and with honor. Wooden training sword for gladiators, not to be confused with the rudus given as a symbol of freedom.
Gladiator Training was not just about acquiring physical combat skills. Trained Gladiators were expected to behave in a certain way. They also had to be taught how to die. Their were specific death rituals in the arenas of the Roman Colosseum. Roman spectators expected gladiators to die bravely, showing no fear, offering themselves to cold blooded murder by their opponents. Gladiator training therefore included how to die gracefully and with honor. Wooden training sword for gladiators, not to be confused with the rudus given as a symbol of freedom. Peak of the gladitorials games. Gladiators became big business for trainers and owners, for politicians on the make and those who had reached the top. A politically ambitious private citizen or privutus. might postpone his deceased father's munus to the election season, when a generous show might drum up votes; those in power and those seeking it needed the support of the plebeians and their tribunes, whose votes might be won with an exceptionally spectacular show, sometimes even the mere promise of one. Diet and medical. Despite the harsh discipline, gladiators represented a substantial investment for their lanista and were otherwise well cared for. Their high-energy, vegetarian diet combined barley, boiled beans, oatmeal, ash (believed to help fortify the body) and dried fruit. Compared to modern athletes, they were probably overweight, but this may have "protected their vital organs from the cutting blows of their opponents". The same research suggests they may have fought barefoot.
Regular massage and high quality medical care helped mitigate an otherwise very severe training regime
FAQ's What was their social status. They had a lower respect level and, in any case of breaking the core rules of gladitorial combat, their punishments would be cruel and unusual. Thanks for watching!!!! *_*