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Panama by JHagel n JARQ

Panama
by

MR. S.

on 2 May 2014

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Transcript of Panama by JHagel n JARQ

Panama
Map of Panama
Flag of Panama
Ricardo Martinelli, President of Panama
Fast Facts
Capital: Panama City
Population: 3.8 million
Languages- Spanish (official), others
Official Currency- Balboa
Religions- Catholic, Protestant, others
Land Area- 29,340 sq miles
History
The first humans entered Panama at least 10,000 years ago. They were descendants of migrants who had crossed a land bridge from Asia to North America.
In the early 1800s Spain’s American empire broke apart as the movement for Latin American independence swept through the colonies.
Panama declared independence from Spain in 1821 and decided to become part of the newly independent Republic of Colombia.
For the next 82 years the Panamanians lived in uneasy isolation from the central government, often making their own laws, and occasionally declaring their independence`
Government
Panama adopted constitutions in 1903, 1946, and 1972. These have been amended to fit changing times, and major revisions were made in 1983.
All citizens 18 years of age and above are required to vote in elections.
Panama officially had no army after granting the United States defense powers in 1903, but it has maintained a military police force called the National Police (1903-1953), the National Guard (1953-1983), the Panama Defense Forces (1983-1989), and the Public Forces (1990- ).
Food
Sancocho: A Panamanian stew, packed with meat (usually chicken) and veggies.

Empanadas: Savory corn or flour pastries filled with meat, potatoes and/or cheese.

Carimanola: a fried yucca roll stuffed with meat and boiled eggs.

Tamales: boiled pockets of corn dough, stuffed with meat and served in banana leaves.

Agriculture
The primary crops are bananas, cocoa beans, coffee, coconuts, corn, potatoes, rice, soybeans, and sugar cane.



Panama Canal
48 mile-long (77 km) international waterway that allows ships to pass between the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean, saving about 8000 miles (12,875 km) from a journey around the southern tip of South America, Cape Horn.
The Panama Canal was successfully built from 1904 to 1914.
Panamanian government authorized French businessman Philippe Bunau-Varilla, to negotiate a treaty with the United States. The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty allowed the U.S. to build the Panama Canal and provided for perpetual control of a zone five-miles wide on either side of the canal.
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