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Slogans, Rituals, and Songs: Propaganda in Animal Farm
Transcript of Slogans, Rituals, and Songs: Propaganda in Animal Farm
Animal Farm Becomes the Farm's Rightful Name Battle of Cowshed The Pigs Assume Control
Sheep's Chant First Justification by Pigs for Apples and Milk The Debate of the Windmill Snowball Is Driven Off and Napoleon Assumes Absolute Power The Windmill Falls Down The Beasts of England is Replaced Napoleon Fully Instated as Supreme Ruler
The Poem and Portrait Battle of the Windmill The Pigs act as Humans.
Complete Decay. "All Animals are Equal. But Some Animals Are More Equal Than Others." (88) Beasts of England, Beasts of Ireland,
Beasts of every land and clime,
Hearken to my joyful tidings
Of the Golden future time.
Soon or late the day is coming,
Tyrant Man shall be o'erthrown,
And the fruitful fields of England
Shall be trod by beasts alone.
Rings shall vanish from our noses,
And the harness from our back,
Bit and spur shall rust forever,
Cruel whips no more shall crack.
Riches more than mind can picture,
Wheat and barley, oats and hay,
Clover, beans and mangel-wurzels
Shall be ours upon that day.
Bright will shine the fields of England,
Purer shall its waters be,
Sweeter yet shall blow its breezes
On the day that sets us free.
For that day we all must labour,
Though we die before it break;
Cows and horses, geese and turkeys,
All must toil for freedom's sake.
Beasts of England, Beasts of Ireland,
Beasts of every land and clime,
Hearken well, and spread my tidings
Of the Golden future time. Slogans, Rituals, and Songs: Propaganda in Animal Farm By: Paskalina Bourbon, Anna Moriarty, Brooke English Unlike Normal Propaganda, which serves only to promote certain ideas, the propaganda in Animal Farm serves to create a world in which the animals are forced into submission. The Propaganda of Napolean and the pigs limits the the animals' ability to choose anything, thereby giving Napoleon complete control over everyone. Normal Propaganda: But Propaganda in Animal Farm is on a much larger scale. VS. An Outline of Propaganda: Important Propaganda Figures: Napoleon - Stalin Squealer - The Propaganda Minister or Molotov Boxer - ' Perfect Citizen or 'New Man' Epitome of the perfect selfless,
willing to sacrifice everything for state
blind obedience The leader.
Plans or initiates most of the propaganda
Perfectly Manipulative, ruthless, resourceful and intellegent. Similar Themes in Propaganda from the Soviet to Animal Farm: Anti-Religious
The Rebirth of Society
Subservience to 'Great State'
Leaders are more privileged in order to better lead masses Merely a tool of the leader Assorted Others:
Minibus, The Pigeons, The Sheep, Snowball - The Scapegoat or 'Class Enemy'... Trotsky 5 Short-term Goals of Propaganda in Animal Farm: Instill Pride in the Community
Encourage Sacrifices to the State
Establish a new idea of virtue and honor that better fits tyrannical goals.
Empower and Placate the Animals through a Model Citizen and an image of an ideal. Both Harsh Condemnation of traitors and swift praise of those who produce the correct image supports this.
Enforce Superiority of Current Leaders, especially compared to old ones. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Discussion Questions: 1. Is the ideal society first imagined by the animals in animal farm actually possible? Do revolutions prevent such ideals? How does Propaganda fuel or detract from such ideals?
2. What role or type of person might Clover represent? What About Benjamin or Mollie? What are important examples of the roles these people play in other circumstances?
3.Would Snowball have been as aggressive with propaganda as Napoleon was? Is it possible to assume control over a group of people without rigorous propaganda? If so, how can revolts be prevented? 4. How does the structure of the community in animal farm reflect on communities in general?
5.Is it better to live in a state of artificial contentment in which someone is unaware of the true negative condition around them, or state of brutally negative truth? Which kind of environment is the world of Animal Farm? FINIS Bibliography: Animal Farm Commandments. N.d. Annexed.net. Annexed.net. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. <http://www.annexed.net/freedom/AnimalFarmCommandments.jpg>.
"Anthems in Animal Farm." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 13 Nov. 2012. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthems_in_Animal_Farm>.
Orwell, George. ANIMAL FARM. NEW YORK: EVERYMAN'S LIBRARY., 1993. Print.
"Propaganda in the Soviet Union." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Nov. 2012. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_in_the_Soviet_Union>.
"Vyacheslav Molotov." Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. <http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Molotov.html>. The Goal of the Leaders in Any Tyrannical Society Like the One in Animal Farm or Soviet Russia:
STAY IN CONTROL! Unifies all Animals as Beasts
Talks of freeing themselves from all restraint both figuratively and literally
Asks for commitment and labor from all in freedom's name. Animalism is still pure. “Napoleon had commanded that once a week there should be held something called a Spontaneous Demonstration, the object of which was to celebrate the struggles and triumphs of Animal Farm. At the appointed time the animals would leave their work and march round the precincts of the farm in
military formation, with the pigs leading, then the horses, then the cows, then the sheep, and then the poultry. The dogs flanked the procession and at the head of all marched Napoleon's black cockerel. Boxer and Clover always carried between them a green banner marked with the hoof and the horn and the caption, "Long live Comrade Napoleon!"
Afterwards there were recitations of poems composed in Napoleon's honour, and a speech by Squealer giving particulars of the latest increases in the production of foodstuffs, and on occasion a shot was fired from the gun.” (Orwell 115) The Spontaneous Demonstrations: The parade initiated by Napoleon serves many purposes on Animal Farm including:
Tricking the animals into believing they are prospering more than they really are.
Encourages the Animals to view themselves as to be “ruling themselves” rather than being owned by Mr. Jones.
Maintaining the viewpoint that Napoleon is a hero and has their best interests at heart.
Asserting that the pigs are in control, and all others are beneath them without it being blatantly obvious.
As a result of the parade, the animals forgot their hardships, including their long work hours and lack of food, therefore they are less likely to revolt. Slogans: I will work Harder.
Napoleon is always right. The Sheep:
“Four legs good, two legs bad!” (Orwell 34)
“Four legs good, two legs better!” (Orwell 134) -Boxer Though Boxer makes up both slogans at different times, they are similar n structure. Boxer created each slogan as a simple solution to any confusing problems. This is what partly makes them good slogans. “Thou are the giver of
All that thy creatures love,
Full belly twice a day, clean straw to roll upon;
Every beast great or small
Sleeps at peace in his stall,
Thou watchest over all,
(Orwell 95) Comrade Napoleon Poem: Slogans II: The Sheep
This chant began as a simpler way to clarify the ideals of the Rebellion in the minds of the duller animals than the entire list of commandments. However, it eventually evolved into a way to suppress any thoughts that were against Napoleon’s leadership. The Sheep's Chants help establish a new idea of virtue, however superficial that is applicable even at the lower ends of the intellegence spectrum. Superiority of Leader Pride in Community Empowerment through Model Citizen
Establish new Virtue The function of the poem Comrade Napoleon, written by the pig Minibus, is to idealize Napoleon, therefore establishing the security of the leader. None of the poem accurately describes Napoleon, who in actuality pretends to care for others in order to retain power for himself. The poem further preys on the animals’ willingness to believe in the perfect society that had originally been dreamed up by Old Major. The New Song of Animal Farm: "Animal Farm, Animal Farm, Never through me shall thou come to harm!" (58) Instill Pride
Promote Virtue Tries to and does Accomplish:
Cleanse the Animals of Any pro-equality ideological spirit, something the Beasts of England represented.
A Pledge of Allegiance to Animal Farm
A threat after the slaughter of the animals seen as traitors
Disillusions the animals from their further unhappiness.