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Transcript of Sports development
The performance stage is for the athletes that have a talent and then want to go and compete at a good level where they get get personal bests and be ranked compared to the rest of the country. Personal bests mean everything in the performance stage of athletics because it is what gets you selected for the different events that England youth, counties and regions can select you for. in athletics, your selection is not on who you are like it is in other sports, its actually on what you can do except if you were a world class talent like Mo Farah. At a youth level, when it starts to get a little more serious, say when the athlete is 15 or 16 in a county like Somerset, Athletes who want to run for Somerset in the English schools nationals will have to aim for a time to get. This is not a score or time they have to get in the process up to the nationals, they might already have what they need from a previous year or they might achieve it in a completely different competition. Athletes in all counties have plenty opportunity to achieve what they need over the course of the season. When it comes to the performance stage in athletics alot of people think it is harder living in the smaller counties because they can only take a small number of athletes to the championships. For example, Somerset are only allowed 21 athletes at nationals. This makes selection very, very hard. Some times an athlete with the right time or score wont go because the people who select the team don't think they will be able to compete on a national stage because of the fact that they have not won enough races or events over the course of the season. So to get into teams like this, for events like this in athletics, you have to first achieve a very difficult time or score to put your self in the mix, then you have to show how good you are as a winner by winning as much as you can over the course of the season. This is how you go from participation to performance.
The elite stage of athletics is when an athlete gets invited to big events. events they must have the right time to be invited to. But the thing the separates performance from elite is the athletes you are racing; the are the best in the world rather than the best in the county.
The leap from performance to elite is much the same as the leap from participation to performance. The leap is based on times, again with the exception if you are a world class talent. The selection process for the elite level gets a little bit complicated. If their was a big athletic event coming up, like for example the world championships and the event that the athletes were going for is the 800 meters. An athlete to even have a chance of competing for a place in the championships they first must have reached the b standard time. This is the time to get invited to the race. To put it in perspective of what a male athlete has to run is 1:46.20 which is incredibly quick. On average there will be about 25 male athletes that would have run this time in that season, or have a personal best that matches or is quicker than that time, so they do heats and semi finals to then get the top eight athletes in the country. They will then run for a place in the championships. Ideally the selectors would want to take two athletes per event to enhance the chance of a medal but it doesn't always run as smoothly as that. In near on every event there will be at least one athlete that has the a standard, they will win the race or event and book their place to the world championships. But there will not always be another, so in this race the other athletes have to run, throw or jump the a standard or they wont go. regardless of their position. This is the same selection process for every major elite event.
The participation stage is when everyone is a little bit older and a little bit more used to the sport. This is when they start getting taught the techniques of the different events and how they can start to improve to such a stage that they can actually start to compete for there schools and in there sports days. The participation stage is the athletes first experiences of competition and how it feels to win or lose in athletics. To progress from the foundation stage to the participation stage all it is, is getting taught the techniques and how to win in the sport. Then being able to compete in and against other schools.
The performance stage in football is when you are competing at a high level. Anything from non league( where you still have a job, but you get payed to play) to the second division in football. The championship. The performance stage in football is when you are actually playing for something, where it really means something in terms of trying to make it into one of the professional leagues and being payed big money to do what you love. The leap to get from participation to performance is just being scouted. It is near on impossible to get scouted once you are past the age of twenty but there are examples of players doing so well in the conference leagues that they get signed by a professional team. But this is still saying at the same stage on the grid, its not going up to elite because they are not playing internationally.
Clubs will have trials, or send out scouts to watch certain young players they have heard about play in their games, this is when the player goes from participation to performance. They go up because they will then be playing for a professional team, all be it in the youth academy and some players don't actually make it, but they then get signed by a non league team that still is in a very competitive league.
In athletics the foundation is training at primary/ secondary school level, all schools around the country make sure that athletics is always taught to there students in the summer. The athletes at the foundation stage are people that have never tried the sport before, at this stage they will do pe lessons where all the do is run around a track, jump or throw. Then right down there score and that's it. There will be no technique taught, they will just try and enjoy the different events with out any of the pressure that competition brings. The foundation stage isn't just for young children, anyone in education and only running at school around the country are in the foundation stage because of the fact that they are not competing, they are just doing friendly competitions which they don't have to train for. They will do some training in there pe lessons but nothing like the training they would do if they were at a club. The foundation stage is all about introducing athletics to students who don't really know much about the sport, it gets them into it and helps them identify what skills they have and how it could possibly help them with other sports.
The foundation stage of cricket is the first time that you have played the game. Most of the time the foundation stage is when you are in primary school and you learn the very basics of the game; for example throwing, catching and just knowing how to strike a ball with a bat. As has already been stated all this is taught in primary schools, but there are initiatives like ECB. There aim is to get as many people into cricket as possible, by trying to force it into the national curriculum for sport and by teaching it in as many schools around Britain.
The participation stage is where the players want to play the sport because they want to, not because they are being made to in there pe lessons. This is when the players start to learn the next level of skill in the game, they start to go to clubs outside of school to get trained by qualified coaches. This then allows them to compete for clubs or for there schools and become good players. At this stage they will want to play for fun, not to be overly competitive. Players can get from foundation to participation by attending different sports/ cricket festivals or events. The big improvements that will occur are that they will find better ways to do the vital things in cricket. things like catching, bowling and batting.
The performance stage is when the players should know and have the ability to do pretty much everything that they should to become a good cricket player. At this level they will be playing for a high level club, for example in the local area the highest club would be Taunton deane 1st team. If you are performing at a high level for a team of this caliber then there is a high chance that the county team will ask you to play for them by first going through the reserves, then if you do well playing for the the first team against some of the best counties and the best players in Britain. The way to get from participation to performance is by really mastering the skills that you need to perform at a good level and in a way climb through the ranks. As a player gets better and better, they get more known and start to appear on the county radar. if it gets to a stage when the county think you are good enough, the will then invite you to play for them.
The elite level of cricket is when you are consistently playing for your country. At this point the players who get selected are getting selected are some of the best in the country at what they do. It then gives them a chance to show the world what they can do against some truly brilliant players. This is good for young players who are at the ability to reach the international stage, but not quite at that 'world class stature' because they can watch some of the best players in the world first hand and pick up on the things they do. At every stage of cricket you can improve but there is not as standard any higher than elite.
To get from performance to elite, a player has to be selected by there country to play. To do this, they have to show week in week out through a scouting procedure that they are worthy of a place in the squad and they will be able to help the team in every way they can.
The foundation stage is near enough the same in every sport. In football, because it is one of the biggest sports in the country it is or should be taught in every curriculum in every school in the country. So really every kid in primary and secondary school should be at the foundation stage of football, having played it at some point in there lives. The foundation stage of football is just learning the basics of the sport, what the different positions are and how to actually play the game. No tactics come into play because they are not playing it competitively. At this stage they are just playing the sport to have fun. Everyone in this stage will learn the basic rules and how to do all the basic things in football like passing, shooting and crossing.
If a someone who likes the sport after they have tried it in their schools they will then go and try to find a club where they can actually play competitively. They will find a club through word of mouth or by researching where the nearest clubs are. When they are at this stage they will start to learn how to actually play as a team, learn the tactics of the game. What positions suit the players and how they should play. They're knowledge of the game will improve and hopefully they will start to become good players. The participation stage can start from as little as 7 years old, were they play seven a side and have to play on a small pitch. They have to play on this sized pitch all the way up until under 11's when they start to play 11 a side on a thee quarter sized pitch because they aren't big enough to play on a full sized pitch. When they start getting into football that everyone knows is when the get into the under 14's they start using full sized pitches. At this age is when they start turning into real football players because they start to get more mature in the way that they will start to really think about everything on the pitch, how they can use their body to win certain duals and really think how different tactics can win games. The participation stage is just club level in football and there is no real age you can stop playing. Players make that call for themselves. Football players who are in the participation stage do often play competitive football, but not at the same level as the players who are in the performance stages do, the players just play to have fun. it s not overly competitive or even that serious. Players play so they can play the game with their friends and have alot of fun.
In the Uk the only elite level of football is when you are playing in the top flight of English football and representing your country in friendlies or competition. Pretty much all players in the premier league are elite footballers because they are near on all international players. These players are usually some of the better players in the sport. They are known as 'world class players'. For a player to become an elite player, they have to be selected by their country, usually this will be through a scouting network.
The performance stage in all three sports serves the same purpose, they are all performing at a good level. At this level, all players/ athletes are at a good level and are competing really well on a club level. For both athletics and cricket the performance stage is highlighted by playing/ competing at a county standard. The way they are selected however is completely different in the way that for cricket players are picked on how well they are performing in a number of games not just how they do in the qualification race. In cricket though, the county level is allot like the high standards in football because someone who lives in the county can play for anyone and transfer to anyone who wants them. In athletics athletes who want to compete for there county have to both live in said county and perform for a club in it. The performance level in football is completely different int the way that in this sport to be in the performance level you can be playing in any league up to the highest league in the country, the only thing stopping you from being in the next level is not being an international player. There are no real similarities at this level, all three of the sports are unique.
At the participation stage there is a lot of differences in both how hard/ easy it is to get into this stage and what this stage actually is. In football and cricket, because they are two very popular sports the demand for clubs is so high because so many people want to play the sports. So there are allot more youth and senior teams. This helps people find more clubs in there local area and get more people into the sports. Whereas in athletics, in a local area there might be one or two local clubs. For example if someone lived in Chard or Illminster then the closest club would be Taunton AC, a good 14 miles away from Chard, the next closest would be Yeovil, again this is a fair way to go just to train. So for a hopeful athlete to get into athletics it a lot harder than in football. All three sports do share one thing, the point that they all let athletes perform and learn the next of what the should to be able to compete. When they are then comfortable enough with there ability and good enough they will then go on to the next stage.
As is the same in every sport the elite level is the very highest level. it is the international level of the sport. Meaning in every sport the elite level is the same. To get into the elite level in all three sports is to represent your country. The three sports that I have covered have slightly different ways of choosing what players to represent there country. in athletics its all about achieving different times, throwing or jumping different scores and winning all important races. This is a completely different way to how the both cricket and football do, there is no trial race or score they need to reach, all they do is make them selves shine at the top club level then they will be selected by the national manager where he will choose his best team that he can.
The foundation stage for each of the three sports is pretty much the same. It all starts in primary schools and allot of the time it is the first time any of the participants are doing the sport. The difference is that athletics is completely different at this stage because there is no basics to teach, especially in running and jumping. Teachers just let there students do what they want. Whereas in football and cricket the teachers will teach them the very basics of the sports; kicking, catching, throwing and striking. This means that the coaching of both cricket and football will be a little better at this stage than athletics. But it doesn't mean that young people wont not want to do it at the next stage.