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The Dark Ages

A prezi on the Dark Ages for History class. Contains the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic Empire, and the Holy Roman Empire.

Marion Haskins

on 10 May 2010

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Transcript of The Dark Ages

The Dark Ages of the Old World The Byzantine Empire Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantine and renamed it Constantinople. Constantinople was the center of trade and surronded by water making it rich and defendable. The Silk Road and the Baltic Sea are the trade routes that provided Constantinople much of it's wealth. Emperor Justinian began to take back the land now controlled by the Holy Roman Empire little by little. He wrote the Justinian's Code which is the basis for modern day Europeon Laws. He also built the Hagia Sophia. The Byzantine Empire also preserved Greco-Roman culture through libraries and the use of the Roman's name and Greek's language. Mosaics became the new form of art. Icons were mosaics of depicted religous figures. Eastern Orthodox Church rose to power in Constantinople, arm and arm with the government. The Emperor chose the Patriarch, the head of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Eastern Orthodox did not have celibacy for priests, while the Holy Chruch did. Constantinople had a big effect of Russia, as they tried to learn from the Byzantine Empire. Islam Muhammad was born, and lived in Mecca. He heard the voice of Gabriel, one of God's angels, telling him to spread word about him. His wife encouraged him to take it up. The society had been Polytheistic with mixed gods, so a monotheistic religion with loving God was a big hit. However, he was chased out of Mecca, and he made it to Medina. Medina quickly took the religion. He built up an army and took the city of Mecca by force. These two cities, along with Jerusalem, are the main religious cities. He continued to take over the Arabian Penninsula, but then he died. He took over the Arabian Pennisula, but died soon after. Four caliphates then come to throne without dissaproval. After the last Caliphate the divisions of Sunni and Shiite are created. Sunni is the major division that encourages that anyone can become a caliphate. Shiite is the believe that someone of royal blood must ascend to the throne. Much of the Byzantine Empire's territory was taken by the Muslams. The Crusades were fights between Western, and Eastern Europe, and the Muslam Empire. Pope Urban II sent many from the Holy Roman Empire to Jerusalem. Saladin was the leader of the Muslam Empire in the Crusades. The crusades brought back trade to Europe, but the Black Death spread by trade caused it to stop again. The Crusades also destroyed many non-christian communites. While the Crusades were on, Kings took power in Western Europe. Judism and Catholisism are reconised by the Quran as cousin religions. The muslams lost at the battle of Tours, by Charles Mantle. Holy Roman Empire Charlemagne was crowned the Holy Roman Emperor of th Holy Roman Empire of 800 A.D. even though he had never sat foot in Rome. The Francs were a group of barbarians that controlled a lot of Western Europe. They still used Latin, they had monasteries that hand-copied Greco-roman learning. Feudalism was a pyramid of loyalty and protection. The filial piety, or loyalty, goes from peasants to vassals to nobles to kings. The fief is the land given. Invasions Self-suficciant manors contained everything needed for living within one manor and therefore trade was rare. The Vikings moved around and sacked any town they met by water. The Magyars settled very close to the Byzantine Empire and cause much trouble. The Angles and the Saxons moved over to Great Britan. dafsdf Well
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