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Literacy Rates in LDCs

Geography AP
by

Morgan Terpstra

on 14 February 2013

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Transcript of Literacy Rates in LDCs

Afghanistan Haiti Sudan The literacy rate exceeds 98% in MDC's while in LDC's the rate is less than 60%. Afghanistan has a literacy rate of only 28.1%. There are 35,320,445 people living in Afghanistan and this statistic means that only about 9,925,045 people can read. Reading can be especially difficult for students in LDC's because often the books are not in their native language. Also, LDC's don't publish the amount of books that MDC's do so there aren't typically enough books for the population to learn from. The nations education system was destroyed by the decades of war as many of the teachers fled the area searching for safety. Another deciding factor is the lack of resources that they have access to. Many schools do not have buildings with tables and chairs and there is no paper or pencils available. Literacy Haiti's literacy rate is 52.9%. =5,185,080 of 9,801,664.
male= 55% (2,851,794) female= 45% (2,333,286)
Haiti is ranked 191 out of 205 for percent literate.
In the 70s and 80s, school enrollment rates increased but in 1983 about 65% of the population over ten had not received any education and only 8% of the population had education above the primary level. By Sara Martin, Jeannie Etnyre, and Morgan Terpstra NOTE: Literacy Rate is the % of people who read and write above the age of 15 years old The higher the level of development, the greater the quantity and quality of the country's educational services. Low levels of literacy and education in general can affect the economy of a country in the current and always changing world that is becoming more and more technology driven. Without proper education and the increase of knowledge, it is hard for a country to develop, thus distinguishing the more and less developed countries (MDC & LDC) Total population: 61.1%
Male: 71.8%
Female: 50.5% Sudan's Literacy Rate Why is the rate so low? How can the government fix this? Article from NPR, 2011 Out of the population that can read and write, only 12.6% are women while 43.1% are male. Women in Afghanistan do not get as many opportunities as men to get an education and only 1 out of every 20 girls attend school beyond the 6th grade. There are three times more boys attending school than girls. Women attending school is considered a social taboo and is looked down on. Their belief is that "girls belong at home". At 36%, Afghanistan's enrollment of girls in primary schools is low compared to other middle eastern countries such as Iran (90.4%), Saudi Arabia (67%), and Pakistan (62%). In 2011, Haiti was voting for a new president and education was a top priority for many voters. "Gil Lujean, 26, waited three hours in the scorching sun to cast his vote for candidate Michel Martelly. Lujean, who is unemployed, says he voted for Martelly because he promised free education to all of Haiti's children." Many kids would like to go to school but their family can't afford it. Nearly 80% of schools are private and at many of those schools students own tuition money. Even before the earthquake, there weren't enough schools or qualified teachers. According to the government, 4,000 schools were destroyed and as many as 1,300 teachers died. Haiti's Five Year Plan The Haitian government has drafted a five-year plan to help the education system. With funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development and the Inter-American Development Bank they plan on building 150 new schools, training 5,000 new teachers, and providing the first nine years of schooling free. In the world's newest nation, Sudan, education was not a top priority when they over came the 20 year civil war. Schools and institutions were destroyed and became unnecessary at the time. Now it's a time of rebuilding Sudan and it's education. According to a article on the Sudan Tribune, in Southern Sudan only 27% are able to read and write. They have one of the lowest literacy rates in the world. Haiti South Sudan launched a program called Education for All (EFA). The goal of the program is to reduce illiteracy rates among its adult population by 2015. They also passed a bill called General Education Bill to help create a new milestone in the education spectrum. This bill also included passing the English language as a acceptable language that should be taught in schools in Sudan. Who did what? Sara Martin: Afghanistan (facts, video, pictures) + second slide + Bibliography

Jeannie Etnyre: Haiti (facts, pictures, video)+Who did What page+Bibliography

Morgan Terpstra: Sudan (facts, video, pictures) + Layout/Formatting+ Title Page What Is Being Done? What Is The Rate and Why Is It So Low? Afghanistan has experienced a few major achievements in the education sector for women including the enrollment of 2.2 million girls in primary schools and permission to establish higher education institutes in specialized fields and basic literacy schools. In 2010, the United States began to establish Lincoln learning centers in Afghanistan. They are set up to serve as learning platforms offering English language classes, library facilities, Internet connectivity, educational and other counseling services. A goal of the program is to reach at least 4,000 Afghan citizens per month per location There are still issues, such as discrimination on the basis of gender, male domination in the society, local traditions and discrimination against women’s education, the lack of female schools in villages, and lack of proper education infrastructure. There are also beliefs that consider education unnecessary or even hazardous for women, further preventing girls from attending schools. Doubts Criticism Louis Herns Marcelin, an anthropologist at the University of Miami and head of a higher education consortium in Haiti, says that such lofty objectives can sometimes make it feel like the politicians are living in outer space.

"Unless we are living on planet Mars, I don't see how we are going to get to the objectives that they fixed," Marcelin says. "The objectives themselves are not well-grounded." Eduction in Haiti Today Girl's Education in Afghanistan Sudan's children had to go without education for such along time during it's civil war it's difficult to see how they will manage to rebuild. Now that the generation that had to endure that crisis they are now to old to go back to school. They have kids of their own that need schooling and they can't even help them with their education.
It's a culture taboo for girls to go to school because they are meant for being mothers and men don't feel they deserve it.
A article from the University of Western Kodofan says "According to a 2003 World Bank study, "Research shows that it takes five to six years of basic schooling to achieve functional literacy and numeracy." Yet many in Sudan only have one or two years of total schooling, which puts them well below the literacy mark." "S. Sudan: UNESCO Earmarks $0.5m to Fight High Illiteracy Rates." - Sudan Tribune. N.p., n.d. Web. 11
Feb. 2013.

"Central Intelligence Agency." Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency. N.p., n.d. Web. 11
Feb. 2013.

Factbooks, CIA World. "Literacy - Nation Master." NationMaster.com. NationMaster, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2013.

Kahn, Carrie. "Education A Top Issue For Voters In Haiti." NPR. NPR, 04 Apr. 2011. Web. 08 Feb. 2013.

"Afghanistan Literacy - Demographics." Index Mundi - Country Facts. IndexMundi, n.d. Web. 8 Feb.
2013.

Rubenstein, James M. An Introduction to Human Geography: The Cultural Landscape. 10th ed.
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008. Print. Bibliography 2010 Earthquake
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