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Victor Papanek's Six Parts of the Function Complex
Transcript of Victor Papanek's Six Parts of the Function Complex
EIDETIC&BIOSOCIAL 'GIVENS' NEED
GOAL FORMATION TELESIS
TECHNOLOGICAL BIAS USE
AS SYMBOL All man are designers. All that we do, almost all the time.
--Victor Papanek What is a Good Design?
Should I design it to be functional?
Or to be aesthetically pleasing? Victor Papanek has created a diagram to show us the six evaluative criteria of design. Method: The interaction of tools, process, and materials.
An honest use of materials never making the material seem that which it is not, is good method. Materials and tools must be used optimally, never using one material where another can do the job less expensively, more efficiently, or both. eg, Paolo Soleri's Earth House Use: "Does it work?" A vitamin bottle should dispense spills singly. An ink bottle should not tip over. A plastic-film package covering sliced pastrami should withstand boiling water, yet open easily. Much recent design has satisfied only evanescent wants and desires, while the genuine needs of man have often been neglected. The economic, psychological, spiritual, social, technological, and intellectual needs of a human being are usually more difficult and less profitable to satisg than the carefully engineered and manipulated "wants" inculcated by fad and fashion. Telesis: "The deliberate, purposeful utilization of the processes of nature and society to obtain particular goals". The telesic content of a design must reflect the times and conditions that have given rise to it and must fit in with the general human socioeconomic order in which it is to operate. Association: Our psychological condition, often going back to earliest childhood memories, comes into play and predisposes us to, or provides us with antipathy against, a given value. Aesthetics: “ a theory of the beautiful, in taste and art,” leaves us not much better off than before. Nonetheless we know that aesthetics is a tool, one of the most important ones in the repertory of the designer, a tool that helps in shaping his forms and colors into entities that move us, please us, and are beautiful, exciting, filled with delight, meaninful.