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Chapter 4 Section 1:
Transcript of Chapter 4 Section 1:
1763 - 1776
Gage has his troops march
toward concord, on lexington
road, in order to seize and destroy the ammunition.
>Tensions Mount in Massachusetts
With British soldiers being an all-over
presence in Boston, tensions increase
between them and the Colonists.
"the regulars are coming"
Adams and Hancock hear of
General Gage's plan through
Revere organizes a "midnight ride"
to spread the word of the British
plan to colonists. It worked!
Riots force Britain to station 2,000 "redcoats" in Boston.
The boston massacre
Competition for jobs between Colonists
and poorly paid British soldiers.
Committees of correspondence
forms to communicate threats
to american liberties.
The boston tea party
2. Quartering Act - colonists were forced to provide food, munitions,
and shelter in private/vacant homes to British troops.
1. Shut down of Boston Harbor - colonists refused to pay
for damaged tea
1. 56 Delegates meet in Philadelphia
2. Delegates come up with the Declaration of Colonial Rights
Let Freedom Reign
Section I: The Stirrings of Rebellion
>The Colonies Organize to resist Britain
Tensions are continuing to mount between the Colonists and Great Britain.
In order to pay off debt from the French and Indian War and European wars, Britain begins to impose taxes on the Colonists.
British leaders did not think their actions were tyrannical.
Set the stage for conflict.
The Stamp Act (March 1765)
Requires all colonists to purchase special stamped paper for every legal document, distributed paper, playing cards, and dice (DIRECT TAXES !!!)
Colonists who refused to oblige were put on trial.
It was almost certain that every single colonist charged with the crime against the Stamp Act was always found guilty and incarcerated.
Stamp Act Protests (May, 1765):
Samuel Adams organizes a secret resistance group (Sons of Liberty)
Protests are organized throughout colonies and prohibit stamps from being sold.
Pressure from British merchants force Parliament to repeal (overturn) the Stamp Act.
Instead, Parliament issues Declaratory Act.
Townshend Acts (1767)
A new method for gaining
revenue from the Colonists
"No Taxation Without
The Colonists refused to pay the taxes
unless they be allowed representation
in the British Parliament.
The Quartering Act
The Quartering Act of 1765
was intended to help the British defray the cost of maintaining troops in America.
The Act required that the colonists had to supply
British troops with food, munitions, and barracks.
The Act was bitterly resented primarily
because the troops were used by Parliament
to enforce new tax policies in the colonies.
March 5, 1770 a fight breaks out
over jobs and a mob gathers.
Despite the "massacre", tensions decrease over the next 2 years until a British schooner (sailboat) is burned and King George has Americans suspected in attack brought to trial in England.
British East India Company - cuts out the "middle merchants" by selling tea directly to the Colonists, eliminating taxes for them, but not merchants.
Colonists protest - this is the opposite effect of
what the British East India Company thought would happen
December 16, 1773 - Boston rebels dress up
like Native Americans and dump 18,000
pounds of BEIC tea into the Boston Harbor!
King George III responds to
the Boston Tea Party and passes
a series of "measures" to control
3. Martial Law - Military forces were sent to "keep peace" in the colonies, specifically Massachusetts (Boston).
The Colonists responds to King George III's actions by calling
an Assembly of the First Continental Congress (September 1774)
3. Delegates agree to meet again
in May 1775 if demands are not met
by King George and the British Parliament.
>Fighting erupts at Lexington and Concord
After the first assembly, "minutemen" (civilian soldiers) begin to stockpile weapons in preparation for independence.
a. Concord, by way of Lexington:
>General Gage (British) hears reports of minutemen's plan and sends agents (spies) toward Concord (a town outside Boston)
>Agents bring back maps, plans, and news that Samuel Adams and John Hancock are in Lexington (right outside Concord)!
Revere and the midnight riders are captured, but word has already spread.
"A Glorious Day for America" - Samuel Adams
>April 19, 1775 - British troops arrive at Lexington.
>70 Minutemen are waiting for them.
>British commander odered the minutemen to leave, but they began to move toward the British troops with muskets ready!
>SOMEONE fired! - "The shot heard around the world", The American Revolution had begun!!!
The Battle of Lexington
only lasted 15 minutes.
>8 minutemen killed, 10 wounded
>British had only 1 soldier injured. They win.
>British troops march toward Concord.
The Battle of Concord
- became known as the slaughter
of British soldiers.
Chapter 4: The War for Independence
To analyze the causes of the American Revolution and understand the important events of the war as well as the role played by significant individuals during the conflict.
SECTION 1 The Stirrings of Rebellion
LEAR ABOUT the growing conflict between Great Britain and the American colonies
TO UNDERSTAND the American Revolution and how it began.
Summarize colonial resistance to British taxation.
Trace the mounting tension in Massachusetts.
Summarize the battles of Lexington and Concord.
Women stop buying British luxuries; join spinning bees; boycott tea
Customs agents seize John Hancock’s ship, Liberty, for unpaid taxes
Customs agents seize John Hancock’s ship Liberty for unpaid taxes