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Transcript of Project Approach
Experience. Experiential Learning. Social
of real life problems. Child Study Movement vs. Nature Nurture Maximises potential of children. What was Project Approach built on? Symbolic
thought. Provide guidance 5W1H What makes it so special? A facilitator Teachers Founder William Heard Kilpatrick Promoted during the Progressive Era & attracted attention in the 1920s How is it applied? -Was a mathematical teacher before he met John Dewey
-Became one of the most influential progressive educators in the 1920s and 1930s
-Was viewed as John Dewey's disciple and popularizer of the latter's educational philosophy
-His theory of learning emphasized on what he called "purposeful activity" engaged in by pupils on several projects WHAT & WHY?! (defines project as a "hearty purposeful act") William. H Kilpatrick A method of teaching in which an in-depth study of a particular topic is conducted by a child or a group of children.
informal part of learning which is more practical and appropriate than formal instructions student directed. connected to the real world. concludes with an end product. (PROJECT APPROACH) Constraints informed by multiple resources. Distinctive features conducted over time. Edward L. Thorndike's Psychology of Learning John Dewey's theory of EXPERIENCE United States
(Part of the Progressive Education Movement ) Prior knowledge of teaching methods -
Preexisting belief research based. Overview of the project approach 1765 2012 Avid modernizers believed in science, technology, expertise—and especially education—as the grand solution to society's weaknesses.
belief in mankind's ability to improve the environment and conditions of life,
economic and social affairs 1880 1915 1965 Integrating PA into Language & Literacy Progressive Movement Phase One - Exploring It was a normal teaching method for the ARTS in America Due to educational philosophers like John Dewy & Kilpatrick, definition of the "project-method" got changed & it influenced the Europeans. Child Documentation and assessment School is practical life! Usage of both structured and less structured materials. Aim of ECE:
Respond to changing economic and family life. The political, economic & socio-cultural of a country still influencs a big part of the "Project-based" curriculum. Initiator Planner Responsible for their own learning - Selecting a topic
- Create a subject map with the guidance of teachers
- Grafton case study: Children each contribute a word/phrase about what they know about their community
(Through sharing session, children may develop more questions about the chosen topic)
Develop linguistic ability
Improve their vocabulary CHILDREN ARE GOOD! Respect for the child
Absorbent mind and attitudes
Child learns at own space and pace. Benefits of Project approach Principles! Aim of ECE:
Guide and teach children. Integrating PA into Language & Literacy Phase Two - Investigating Educate through DEVELOPMENTALLY APPROPRIATE and MEANINGFUL LEARNING
EXPERIENCE. Subjected to the environment of the preschool/kindergarten. (E.g A field trip to the fire station) IMPORTANT FOR ECCE GLOBALLY Child development: It is crucial that a child's ability to analyze, question, and hypothesize be instilled during their childhood years. A child's potential ensues when the environment around them are inclusive and enriching. The project approach emphasizes on the type of materials & environment in which children will get to explore safely + apply problem-solving skills. - Collection of data during field experience
- Grafton case example: Mayor's visit to the school
Verbal and interpersonal
Child-directed Integrating PA into Language & Literacy Phase Three - Documenting United States teachers Experience of learning through a method -
Resistance to change http://www.fountainmagazine.com/Issue/detail/CONSTRUCTIVISM-in-Piaget-and-Vygotsky Learning is a social advancement that involves language, real world situations, and interaction and collaboration among learners. PIAGETIAN Classrooms... Hands-on
support! ASSISTED DISCOVERY ...ACTIVE PARTICIPATION & COLLABORATION through TEACHER-STUDENT and
INTERACTIONS. False clarity - Teachers actually do not fully understand how the "project approach" works due to prior influences of beliefs ...ACTIVE PARTICIPATION & COLLABORATION through TEACHER-STUDENT and
INTERACTIONS. VYGOTSKIAN Classrooms... GUIDELINES & TIPS Equipment and materials Handiworks Artworks Used for display Commemorate end of the project The Project Approach Project Approach is more focused on the practicality of life because of the....
In the country of origin (USA), democracy and choice is the key feature of their socio-cultural and political scene. Thus, the approach is easily implemented into the preschool curriculum.
On the contrary, although Singapore is also a democratic society, we believe in meritocracy as well. Singapore view preschool learning as a pathway to prepare for primary school. Since the approach does not focus on structured learning, it is difficult to implement a curriculum solely based on the project approach. 4 key learning goals of the
PROJECT APPROACH Feelings related to school experiences Dispositions CONCLUSION - Document findings to share with the class and their teacher
- Crafton case example: Document through daily journals where they share new information that they had learnt and comment on their friends' works
Further develop linguistic ability
Engage in critical thinking Prepare a well-organized effective interest area.
Providing assistance to them & never judging
Do enough preparatory work AFTER a topic has been chosen.
(Thematic web) Be more flexible, learn to plan together with the children.
Pay attention to the children's needs and interest.
Changing mindset of how a class should be Knowledge Skills 5 Structural Features Discussion Fieldwork Representation Investigation Display (Case example:Grafton, Illinois) (Case example:Grafton, Illinois) (Case example:Grafton, Illinois) MICRO-BENEFIT MACRO-BENEFIT Inspired the Bank Street Approach Beliefs:
- Learning should be linked to children's lives and promote healthy development of the whole child
- Thinking + emotion Interconnected and interactive Multiple exposures to literacy and mathematical application for communication of personal ideas Builds up on their social + emotional development - Provide opportunities for sensorial leaning
- Values the self as unique and interdependent beings who will grow with conflict
- Self-regulated flexible schedule
- Emphasis on active participation
- Cultivates cooperation, independence, observational skills and questioning of old procedures