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Copy of Greek & Roman Art

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Stacey Celestino

on 5 September 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Greek & Roman Art


1. WHAT are the 3 time periods in Greek art?
2. HOW can you tell the difference between the Greek Orders?
3. IN WHAT WAY are the humans depicted in the Archaic period similar to Egyptian art?
Greek Art
Greek Art
Divided into 3 periods…
Archaic period
Classical period
Hellenistic period.
Style of art changed during these periods.
Known for their sculpture
Greek art influences later European art.
Archaic period
Rigid, stiff figures.
Stylized bodies
drawn from memory.
Classical period
Sculpture starts to be more naturalistic.
Clothing no longer stylized
Greek architecture
post and lintel construction- columns or posts were used to support a horizontal beam or the lintel
Art more concerned with action & emotion.
What are the 3 periods in Greek Art?
What is the difference between the Greek’s post and lintel construction and the Roman’s arch?
Why do we study Roman art along side Greek art?
Door Pass
Sculpture changed very little between the Greeks and Romans.
Romans admired the Greek culture and copied their sculpture.
Roman art
Dome- a hemispheric vault or ceiling over a circular opening.
Oculus- eyelike opening at the top.

The Pantheon. 118-125 AD
Roman architecture cont.
Barrel Vault- an arched roof or covering made of brick or concrete
Mostly used to create a shelter or corridor.
Roman architecture cont.
Arch- curved architectural element used to span an opening. Essential in Roman architecture.
improvement over post-and-lintel of the Greeks bc it could bear more weight.
Used mostly for openings/ entrances
Roman architecture
Head of Augustus
Focused on the bust
Busts- sculptures of people from the shoulders or neck up.
Romans did this to preserve the features of their emperors.
Different from the Greeks
Groin Vault- formed when 2 barrel vaults meet at right angles.
Also used to make corridors
Groin vault could hold more weight.
Roman architecture cont.
Mosaic- an artwork made of small, cubes of colored marble or glass set on cement.
wall and floor decoration
Roman mosaics
Idealized- representing something in a perfect form.
Contrapasto- sculptural technique used so the weight of the body is in balance. When weight is on one leg, the shoulders & hips shift.
Pediment- triangular section at the ends of a building.
Greek Orders- decorative styles developed by the Greeks.
Frieze- a continuous band of sculpture that runs along the top of the wall.
Capital- the top element of a pillar or column
Caryatids- columns carved to look like female figures.
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